Know thy Vedas

Quest # 1: Why to believe the Vedas to be authoritative and of Divine origin and

Answer: “The book in which God is described as He is viz., Holy, Omniscient,
Pure in nature, character and attributes, Just, Merciful, etc., and in which
nothing is said that is opposed to the laws of nature, reason, the evidence of
direct cognisance, etc., the teaching of the highly learned altruistic teachers
of humanity (A’ptas), and the intuition of pure souls, and in which the laws,
nature, and properties of matter and the soul are propounded as they are to be
inferred from the order of nature as fixed by God, is the book of Divine
revelation. Now The Vedas alone fulfil all the above conditions, hence they are
the revealed books.” [Light Of Truth—-VII]

Man is finite in knowledge of his surroundings where he stays and does mistakes
hence cannot be perfect, because he is infinitesimal unity, whilst God is
infinite, All-pervading, Omniscient, so His knowledge —The Vedas are the only
ATHOROTATIVE AND TRUSTED by all. The Vedas being Divine in origin, are free from
error and axiomatic (Swatah-Pramana), in other words the Vedas are their own
authority, whilst other books, dependent upon the Vedas for their authority.

“As the parents are kind to their children and wish for their welfare, so has
the Supreme Spirit, out of kindness to all men, revealed. The Vedas by whose
study men are freed from ignorance and error, and may attain the light of true
knowledge and thereby enjoy extreme happiness as well as advance knowledge and
promote their welfare” [S.P. VII]

Since time immemorial, till the Great War of Mahabharata the scholars treated
The Vedas as the repository of all true knowledge and interpreted them
accordingly. If The Vedas had not possessed science the various scientific
developments would not have taken place.

Great sage Vyasa, the author of the Vedanta Darshana unequivocally accepted this
idea. Shri Shankaracharya comments in his Sutra “Shastrayonitvat (1-1-3)”

Vedas are the scriptures of all true-knowledge. He attributes them with the
adjectives “Saravidyo-pvrinhita” and “Sarvajnakalpa”

The great sage of modern era “Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati” confidently declared
in his book “Rigvedaadi-Bhaashyabhumika” ‘in which he collected some very
conspicuous facts of science “The Vedas are the scripture of all true
knowledge, is such a gift to mankind on his part that he deserves the gratitude
of posterity.”

Quest # 2: The Vedas are the creation of God. Any proof?

Answer: There are many proofs in the Vedas that show that the Vedas are the
books of Divine revelation.

The Yajurveda (31-3) explains that Agni = Rigveda (glorification), Vayu =
Yajurveda (communion), Aaditya = Samaveda (emancipation) and Angira =
Atharvaveda = sacred word i.e. God’s word.

· “Tasmaad Yajyaat Sarvahuta RrichahSaamaani jagyire” (Rigveda 10-90-9)
i.e. “God has created the Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva Vedas”.

· “Brahma Padavaayam BraahmanemaAdheepatihi” (Atharvaveda 12-5-4) Which
mean, “God is knower and revealer of the Vedas”.

The Yajur Veda (31-7) says: “The Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and
the Atharvaveda were produced by the Supreme and perfect Being, Parabrahman, who
possesses the attributes of self-existence, consciousness and bliss, who is
Omnipotent and universally adored. The meaning is that the four Vedas were
revealed by God alone.”

· The Atharvaveda (10-23-4-10) says— “Who is that Great Being who
revealed the Rig Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharva Veda? He is
the Supreme Spirit who created the universe and sustains it.”

· The Yajur Veda (XL-8) says— “The Great Ruler of the universe, who is
self-existent, All-pervading, Holy, Eternal and Formless, has been eternally
instructing His subjects –the immortal souls –in all kinds of knowledge for
their good through the Veda.”

[For further information inquisitive readers should refer and study
–Atharvaveda 12 Th. Khanda, 5 Th. Sukta and mantra # 1 to 73]

(Atharvaveda 19-5-13, 12-5-4, 10-7-14) (Yajurveda 2/21, 23/61, 23/62, 31/7), the
all-sustaining God is the author of the Vedas.

Quest # 3: How many Vedas are there three or four?

Answer: There are four Vedas, which contain the knowledge of three subjects,
i.e. Knowledge, action and communion. [Glorification–communion–emancipation]

The books called the Rigveda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharva
Veda—mantras Samhitas only and no other.

One who believes that there are three Vedas is completely wrong and should

rectify him self. The Vedas are four in number.

Quest # 4: Why there are only four Vedas?

Answer: God has given us a beautiful body hence it is our duty to protect it.
What is the use of this precious body if there is no knowledge. Human race is
the best because only in this race one gets a proper knowledge of the soul,
Prakriti and God, and this he acquires only from the Vedas.

Knowledge, deeds, communion and emancipation (science) are the four subjects of
the Vedas and are complete when combined, otherwise there is no use of studying
only one subject or the other.

God has revealed His true knowledge to men only because man has intellect to
grasp the proper knowledge from the Rig-Veda and after getting that proper
knowledge he should act accordingly, which is taught in the Yajur-Veda. There is
a possibility that man may become egoistic after getting knowledge and
performing good deeds, so God has given him the Sama- Veda for balancing him
i.e. communion with God. When man has developed himself with knowledge, virtuous
deeds and communion with the Supreme Being, he becomes happy in his life, but
still wanders in search for something more. Lastly God provides the Atharva-Veda
in which man gets the knowledge of true science i.e. the science of the soul and
the Supreme Soul (God). The bliss of God is possible through the Atharva Veda.
Hence all the four Vedas are essential to acquire the correct and complete
knowledge of the matter (Prakriti), the soul and God with which he is free from
all sorrows and pains, when he renounces the worldly
attraction and temptation, and gets the Bliss of God.

When a man acquires the knowledge of the four Vedas
(Knowledge–deeds–communion–science), he is qualified enough to proceed to his

life’s goal i.e. to get the bliss of God.

The four Vedas are the four pillars of success in a man’s life, hence the four

There are mantra revelated by knowledge in the Rigveda. The Yajur Veda mantras
are revelated by actions i.e. what is right and what is wrong, and what to do
and what is prohibited by virtue. In the Sama Veda most mantras are about
communion with God. Lastly in the Atharva Veda there are root mantras of science
on different subjects along with mantras related to medical science.


God is Omniscient and only He is the true friend of the soul, because the soul
has limited power and knowledge. God is the greatest teacher and guide who
revealed His knowledge in the beginning of the world after human life had been
created, for the betterment of mankind.

“As parents are kind to their children and wish for their welfare, so does the
Supreme Spirit, out of kindness to all mankind revealed the Vedas by whose study
men are freed from ignorance and error, and may attain the light of true
knowledge and thereby enjoy extreme happiness as well as advance knowledge and
promote their welfare” [S.P. VII]

“The Vedas are the true knowledge of God. In the beginning after human being had
been created, the Supreme Spirit made the Vedas known to Brahma through Agni,
etc., i.e., Brahma learnt the four Vedas from Agni, Vayu, Aaditya and Angira

(Manu Smriti 1-23).”

Quest # 5: If infinite God’s full knowledge is in the Vedas, then knowledge of
God will become finite?

Answer: Whatever knowledge, the soul required for its salvation, God has
revealed the same in the Vedas. To get more knowledge than required is of no
use. God is Omniscient. He knows better about the soul’s capacity for acquiring

GOD is infinite by nature, His essence, powers, attributes are all infinite, so
is His knowledge. The soul is an infinitesimal unity hence, remains, finite in
knowledge, though pure in nature. He acquires the knowledge according to its

capacity. God has given him correct and complete knowledge; no less no more

“A’rsha Granthas” or Religious books?

Answer: There exists the four Vedas, i.e. the Rigveda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama
Veda and the Atharva Veda.

(1) In the Rig-Veda there are 10 Mandalas (Volumes), 85 Anuvakas (Sections),
1028 Suktas and 10589 Mantras (verses)

(2) In the Yajur Veda there are 40 Adhyaaya (Chapters) in which contains 1975

(3) In the Sama Veda there are 1875 Mantras. And

(4) In the Atharva Veda three are 10 Mandalas (Volumes), 20 Khandas (Sections)
and 5977 Mantras.

The total mantras in the four Vedas are 10589 + 1975 + 1875 + 5977 = 20,416 i.e.
Twenty thousand four hundred and sixteen mantras.

Readers will be surprised to know that the total letters of the four Vedas is
864000, which is God’s creation and are eternal. The Vedas are the religious
books for all mankind.

There are four UpVedas+ or Sub-Veda (Here the word ‘Veda’ stands for education),
under which comes six Vedangas (Limbs)*, six Upangas (sub-limbs)**, i.e. six
school of thought propounded by seers and sages, four Brahmans*** and –the
Vedas alone are held to be Divine in origin, the rest were made by R’shis–seers
of the Veda and nature. There are ten Upanishads.

[They are four in number: –(i) the Ayurveda or the medical scriptures; (ii) the
Arthaveda or the technological sciences; (iii) the Dhanurveda or the science of
archery; devastating weapon and missiles and diplomacy; and (iv) the
Gandharvaveda or the science of music.]

{* They are six in number: –(I) Shiksha [Phonetics science of morals and
duties]; (ii) Kalpa [geometry]; (iii) Vyakarana [Grammar]; (iv) Chhanda [metrics
i.e. Philology]; (v) Nirukta [etymology] and (vi) Jyotisha [astronomy and

{** They are six in number: –Purva Mimansa, Vaisheshika, Nyaaya, Yoga, Sankhya


Vedanta these are also commonly called the six schools of Indian philosophy.
They have profound respect for the four Vedas. These philosophical system show
that human mind soared to highest peak of the imagination. Usually most people
believe Vedanta means ending portion of the Veda, which is wrong. The real
meaning of “Vedanta” is so called “the theory of the Vedas.” Here ‘Anta’ stands
for the theory and not for the end.}

[*** They are four in number: — Aitreya, Shatapatha, Sama and Gopatha.]

[++ There are also ten Upanishads e.g. I’sh, Kena, Katha, Prashna, Munduka,
Muanduka, Aitreya, Taitreya, Chhandogya and Vrihadaranyka. Upanishads, which
deal with the spiritual science as well as physical science in some cases, are
the offshoots of the careful examination of the Vedic verses.]

Whatever is enjoined by the Vedas, are right, whilst whatever is condemned by
them we believe to be wrong. Among the Shruties, manu Smriti alone is

authoritative, the interporated verses being excepted.

Quest # 7: What does “Shakha” (division of the Vedas) mean and how many Shakhas
are there in the Vedas?

Answer: According to the great sage Gemini, writer of Meemansa Shastra (1-130),
the teaching pattern it is called “Shakha”. Branch, part or division etc. are
not the correct meaning of Shakha but these Shakhas are the pattern of teaching
–the way of teaching, –the style of teaching of the Vedas.

It is written in the Mahabhashya-Karika (Ashtadhyayi 4-1-63) that Charan is
meant for Gotra, here Charan means –the style of teaching. In short the
branches of The Vedas means the style / pattern of teaching and they are not
division or tree-like branches.

According to the Mahabhashya, it is written that there are 1131 branches of the
Vedas. In the Sarvanukrammi its number is 1130, in the Chakraviyuh its number is
only 116. Swami Dayanand Saraswati has quoted the number of the branches of The
Vedas as 1127, in his immortal book “Light of Truth”.

First it was the great sage named “Shakal” who had taught the style of teaching
of The Vedas. Shakal is very ancient. By way of Mandalas–Anuvakas–Suktas,
Shakal has popularized his brand what is known as that “the teaching of Shakal”.
It is said that all other patterns of teaching (Shakhas) are come in existence
after Shakal. Where there are Mandalas, Anuvakas, Sukta, they are known as
Shakal’s literature.

om shanti shanti shanti


About Fan of Agniveer

I am a fan of Agniveer

Posted on September 27, 2011, in Vedas. Bookmark the permalink. 1 Comment.

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