Quest the Vedic Question and Answers Part 2


THIS IS SERIES OF FAQs ON VEDAS.

READ , LEARN, FOLLOW AND PROPAGATE THE GOD BEST GIFT TO MANKIND -THE VEDAS

Contributor -Madan Rajeha ji

Chapter      No 2

Quest # 14: Is there any proof in the Vedas that there is only One God?

Quest # 15: How can one say that God is      blissful then who feels / experiences this bliss?

Quest # 16: Which mantras of the Vedas      prove that God is beginning less and endless too?

Quest # 17: Where does God stay in this      body?

Quest # 18: Is God easily available or      difficult?

Quest #      19: God is One with many names, so what is the Original name of God?

Quest # 20: If God’s personal name is OM, then what      is the personal name of the soul?      

Quest # 21: Are      pain and pleasure a soul’s natural or casual attributes ?

Quest # 22:      In the state of emancipation, do pain and pleasure remain with the eternal      soul?

Quest # 23:      What is the best way to get rid of ” Dukhas ” i.e. pain and      sorrow?

Quest # 24:      Does God also experience pain and pleasure?

Quest # 25:      What does it mean that God is Omniscient i.e. All knowing?

Quest      # 26: God is Omniscient, then does He know about the future?

Quest # 27:      God is Omniscient, then does He know our future?

Quest # 28:      That, what kind of work are we going to do in the future?

Quest # 29:      Then God would be ignorant? How can it be possible?

Quest # 30:      Does Omniscient God know the death of the soul?

Quest # 14: Is there any proof in the Vedas      that there is only One God?

Answer: There      are many mantras in The Vedas,      which say that there is only One God      without a second to it. God is      Omniscient, Omnipotent, Omnipresent, worship is due to Him alone.      Here are      some mantras as a proof to show that God      is one:

“Eko Anyachyakripe      Vishwamaanushaka” (Rigveda 1-4-4-14)

“Indra Choshkooyase Vaasu”(Rigveda      5-8-17-41)

“Sa Vishwasya      Karunaspesha Eko” (Rigveda 1-7-9-7)

“Hiranyagarbhah Samavartataagre Bhutasya Jaatah      Patireka Aaseet,Sadaadhaara Prithivim      Dyaamutemaam Kasmai Devaya Havishaa Vidhem”(Rigveda 10-21-1)

“Vishvatashchakshuruta—————Janaya Deva Ekah” (Yajurveda 17-9)

Rigveda– [(8-58-2), (1-164-46), (10-14-5), (10-114-4),      (10-121-3), (8-58-2), (6-15-11), (8-13-9) ]

Yajurveda– [(17-26), (13-4), (17-9), (17-21), (13-4)]

Atharvaveda– [(8-5-26), (2-2-1), (8-5-20), (13-4,      mantras from 1 to 56)]      

In      Rigveda– volume # 3, chapter # 55 and mantra No. 1 to 22, and      in the same volume, in chapter # 56, 57, 58, 59, by referring all these      mantras, it is authentically proved that God is One without a second.       

All mantras (20,416 — Twenty Thousand Four Hundred And Sixteen)      in all the four Vedas glorify      that God has many names      according to His nature, characteristics and attributes but He      is One without a second.

Quest # 15: How can one say that God is      blissful then who feels / experiences this bliss?      

Answer: Atma i.e.      the soul (only) experiences the bliss of God.      What is felt by the senses is called pleasure, but bliss is the hunger of      every soul, which calms down only when the soul attains bliss.The soul has enjoyed the bliss of God      many times in their previous birth that is why it (the soul) always tries      to get it again and again. The search for bliss is seen in humans. Worldly      pleasures can never please the soul that is why, in its lifetime the soul      wanders for something else which is nothing but the bliss of the Supreme      Being.

GOD      is full of bliss, which He flows continuously to be experienced by the souls,      but the Quest arises how to get it? And that is the main purpose (aim) of      human’s life.

GOD is blissful “Swaryasya      Cha Kevalam” (Atharvaveda 10-8-2) so he who is very near to Him      feels / experiences His bliss which is called “Ananda”.      For example—one feels hot when he is near fire, because he gets the      attributes of fire and in the same way when some one is near ice, he feels      cold. By communion with God the      soul experiences the bliss i.e.      “Ananda” because God      is full of Ananda.

It is natural that by communion with the dead inert matter i.e. Prakriti,      one gets the attributes of Prakriti,      and in the same way, by communion with the Super Being, one acquires the      attributes, characteristics and nature of God.      God and the soul i.e. Jiva are      both conscious entities. The soul is without bliss and God is full of      bliss “Swaryasya Cha Kevalam” this eloquent is from The      Vedas that God is blissful.      The soul who is near to God      enjoys His bliss. Also it is authoritative that in the state of final      realization, (i.e. in state of “Samaadhi”)      in Yoga one can experience the      bliss of the Supreme Being. What sages and knowledgeable people have said      can also be taken as proof that bliss is in God      Alone. “Mandra” Means      God is bliss personified.

Quest # 16: Which mantras of the Vedas      prove that God is beginning less and endless too?

Answer: There      are many mantras in the Vedas      where God is said to be      beginning-less and infinite. Here are some mantras as proof:

“Paramam Vyoma” (Yajurveda 23/62)

“Rriyo Aksharo      Parame Vyoman” (Rigveda 1-164-39)

“Twamasya      Paarerajaso Vyoman” (Rigveda 1-52-12)

“Yo      Asyaadhyaksha Parame Vyoman” (Rigveda 10-129-7)

“Sa Bhumim      Sarvato Vritvaat” (Yajurveda 31/1)

“Naamyaa Aadeesadantariksha Shishyate Dyauh Samavartaa”      (Yajurveda 31/13)

“Purna Madah Purnamidam Putnat      Purnamuduchyate, Puryasya      Purnamaadaaya Purnamevaa Vashishyate”.

God      is all pervading like space,      which means He is beginning-less and endless in all directions.

According      to mathematics, when an infinite amount is deducted from another infinite      amount, what is left is also infinite. (Rigveda      10-8-12, 1-100-15, 1-52-14, 6-27-3.)All these Mantras prove that God is      “Anaadi” and “Ananata” means God is beginning-less and infinite.

Quest # 17: Where does God stay in this      body?

Answer: “Indranna      Yajyaishchitayanta Aayavah” (Rigveda 1-131-2) which means man      has enlightened God in his      heart by “Yajna” * i.e.      a religious sacrifice.

[*Some      people pronounce “Yajna” as “Yagya”, which is actually wrong.]

“Asti Jyaayaan Kaneeyasa Upaare” Which means the elder      brother (God) resides with the younger brother i.e. the soul that means “God resides with the soul within the heart in the body”.

Again the      Rigveda 8-84-12 says, “God      resides in humans in their hearts”.

Rigveda: —-{(6-11-2),       (10-82-7),  (10-177-3),       (10-181-2),  (8-39-6),       (10-135-7),  (9-64-8),       (10-124-2),  (1-31-2),       (9-68-5),  (10-114-4),       (5-11-6),  (9-69-6),       (10-43-6),  (6-45-4),       (1-164-31),  (9-96-5),       (1-22-21),  (4-2-1),       (7-86-6),  (6-11-2),       (10-82-7)}. It is said in the Atharva      Veda (18-9-4) that the mind is the living place of the Supreme Soul      and the Vedas are the theology      of God.

One can visualize God in the      temple of his mind’s mirror because God      is felt only in a clean mind. (God is not a thing to be seen by these      materialistic eyes, because He is Nirakara      i.e. Formless, but He is experienced by the soul who is away from all sins      and evil deeds. and has a pure-mind. In the state of final realization      (i.e. in state of Samaadhi) in yoga, one can experience the bliss of the      Supreme Being and that feeling of ” Ananda      ” is called “Visualization      of God.”

Quest # 18: Is God easily available or      difficult?

Answer: All      things are not easily available except God.      To get material things, one must have knowledge, action, place, time,      intellect and environment and lastly all is possible with the grace of God,      if not, it is impossible. One has to reach the place where the right thing      is available. It consumes time and favorable condition, and all these are      not possible without persuasion and proper knowledge. After all these, the      grace of God is necessary, to obtain anything.

GOD      is Omnipresent, Omniscient hence pervading in the hearts of all living      beings. God exists where the      soul exists. For one who desires to meet God,      it is not necessary for him /her to go here and there or anywhere outside,      as God resides within him/her      only.

GOD      can be experienced any time, anywhere and in any condition. The only      condition is that one should have faith, love, pure knowledge, pure deeds      and pure communion. If one is entangled in this material world, God      is difficult to be realized. He is easily available if the material world      is renounced. It seems difficult for an ordinary man, whereas for a true      Yogi (one who practices yoga), God      is easy to be realized any time and anywhere. There are two paths open for      the soul, one is Prakriti i.e. nature and second is the path of God. If one is entangled in the material world, how can he meet God?      So it is advisable to detach contacts from the material world to realize God.

Love and detachment are natural feelings (Yoga      Darshana 1/29), which can also be created (Yoga 1/20).

The “Preya marg”—      is a path open towards colorful glittering Prakriti      which is easy and attractive in the starting but ends in disastrous      situations and the “Shreya marg”—leads to the path of God, which      is difficult and detached from the Prakriti      but all-blissful and the soul is emancipated in the end.

Quest # 19: God is One with many names, so      what is the Original name of God?      

Answer:      It is a Quest which is often asked “what is      the original / personal name of God?

Anything, which has many, attributes – actions – nature      may be called by many names, though it has only one personal name. In the      same way God has many names but His personal or original name is One,      which is written as “OM”.

Vedic and other Holy texts are in support of this view,      here are a few quotations from the Vedas and the Upanishads in support of      the statement that “AUM” (OM) is the highest name of God.

The Vedas say: “OM Krato Smara” (Yajurveda 40/15) means “Oh!      Energetic man, (Assiduous man) always remember the name of God that is      “OM”.

“OM Kham      Brahma” (Yajurveda 40/17) which mean “OM” is the Great God who      is Omnipresent (Like ether).

“Tasya Vaachakah Pranavah” (Yoga Shastra, Chapter 1/27)      which mean God’s personal name is “OM”.

It is said in the      Chhandogya Upanishad in mantra # 1 that “He alone, whose name is AUM,      who is Immortal, is worthy of our adoration and none other.”

Manduk Upanishad, 1/1, says: –” All the Vedas and the Shastras      declare “OM” as the primary and natural name of God. All other are His      secondary names.”

It is said in Kath Upanishad, 7/15, that “He, Whom      all the Vedas declare worthy of homage, to whom all devotion and righteous      actions lead, and for Whose realization, the life of chastity i.e.      Brahmacharya leads, is called OM.

Men have given many names to God, according to circumstances, place, time      and their own beliefs e.g. Ishwara, Paramatma, Bhagwan,      Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesha, God, Lord, Holy Spirit, Allah,      Khuda, Khodaa, Khudaayaa, Rabba, Sai, Naath, Vaheguru, Omkar,      Maalik, Parvardigaar, Maulaa etc. etc. but one enjoys      and experiences “Bliss” by listening or chanting the One and      Only name of God, which is —-“OM.”

The Vedic and other Holy texts are in support of this view, that the      Primary and Personal name of God is “AUM”, which is pronounced as      “OM”.

Quest # 20: If God’s personal name is OM,      then what is the personal name of the soul?      

Answer:      You have asked an appropriate Quest. In the      answer of the previous Quest (# 19), we have given an eloquent of the      Vedas, in which God has spelt out His eternal Son by the name of “Kratu”      

“OM Krato Smara” Oh! Assiduous man, do remember      OM.       

There are many more names of the soul in The Vedas, according to its nature, actions and its attributes, such      as:

*Atkam:      Who is illuminated with      the contact of physical body (Rigveda      1-77-1)

*Patanga:Who moves from one place      to other (Rigveda 1-177-2).

*Anipadyamanama:An      eternal      or everlasting (Rigveda 1-177-3).

*Amartya:      An immortal or eternal (Rigveda      1-164-38).

*Avyasah Avyapaka:Infinitesimal      unity (Atharvaveda      19-68-1).

*Amrita:Ever mature or      imperishable (Atharvaveda 10-8-26).      

There are many more names of      the soul in the Vedas, but the      most popular name is “Kratu”      i.e. “Energetic man”      and “Atma”

Quest # 21: Are pain and pleasure a souls      natural or casual attributes?      

Answer:      An      attribute is that which is dependent upon or resides in a substratum which      itself cannot possess an attribute, and is not the cause of combination or      of division into parts, and is independent of another attribute.

An attribute, which is instinctive and does not separate from a      substratum, is called its natural      or instinctive attribute. And when a natural attribute of some      substratum, comes into another substratum with a connection, is called its      casual or fortuitous attribute.Coolness of water, heat of fire, God’s      knowledge and bliss etc. are called the natural or instinctive attributes,      whereas when water is heated, that heat is called the casual or fortuitous      attribute of water.

“The immortal, eternal      principle which is endowed with attraction and repulsion, feelings of      pleasure, pain and consciousness, and whose capacity for knowledge is      limited—even that I believe to be the soul.”(Light Of Truth — A      statement of my beliefs).

The writer of Nyaaya Darshana      (the Philosophy of Justice)– Goutamaachaarya,      Kanaad Muni the writer of Vaisheshika      Darshana (the Philosophy of Extraordinary) and Great sage of Modern      era–Swami Dayanand Saraswati do believe that “pain and pleasure are      casual attributes of the soul and not natural.

Quest # 22: In the state of emancipation,      do pain and pleasure remain with the eternal soul?      

Answer: Oh no,      Never! If pain and pleasure remain emancipated in the soul, then what is      the meaning of that emancipation? Of course! In the state of salvation the      emancipated soul is free from all pain because it is said in the      Nyaaya Shastra (1-22/2) that “Everlasting freedom from      pain alone is called Emancipation. Because it is freedom from false ideas,      ignorance, vices (such as covetousness) and from engrossment in sensual      gratification and contraction of evil habits, and consequent immunity from      birth and pain, that brings about Emancipation which is everlasting.

It is said in the Chhandogya      Upanishad (8-12-1)—-” Physical body is the dwelling place

Of the formless and immoral soul, which is,      therefore, constantly afflicted with pain or engrossed in pleasure,      because an embodied soul can never ever be free from worldly joys or      sorrows. On the other hand, the non-bodied, emancipated soul that lives in      God can neither be affected by joy or by sorrow. It continually enjoys      perfect bliss.”

Quest # 23: What is the best way to get rid      of ” Dukhas ” i.e. pain and sorrow?      

Answer: There      is only one medium to overcome pain in this world and that is—-By always      remembering God, in every place      and in every situation. This is the main “Dharma”      i.e. duty of all human beings as God      alone can remove our sins.

“Sansar sarpadashta namekameva      subheshjam,Sarvada      sarvakaleshu sarvatra Harichintanam.”

Raja Bhartri      Hari has said: –“kale      naiva yato vayameva yat” which means, we have not      conquered time, but time has conquered us hence by utilizing time      in a proper manner, we can overcome all sought of pain from our lives.

“Dhuhkha Janma Pravriti Dosha      Mithyaajyaanam, Uttarottaraapaaye      Tadanantraapaayaadapavarga”. (Nyaaya Shastra 1.22.2)

Means: — “One can get rid of pain by finding its root cause. The cause of all      pain is Ignorance; ignorance is      created from false ideas, which      are the products of engrossment in sensual gratification and contraction      of evil habits, and consequent immunity from birth and pain. One can      realize that the main cause of all pain lies in birth alone. If there is      no birth, there will be no death, and if one can conquer death all      problems of pain will be solved.”

Quest # 24: Does God also experience pain      and pleasure?      

Answer: Joy,      sorrow, etc. are the attributes of the soul that distinguish it from the      Supreme Soul. God is away from      all these things. When the soul is embodied, these attributes manifest      themselves only so long as the soul is present in the body, but cease to      do so as soon as the soul leaves it.      God is formless so He can never ever be embodied (Yajurveda 40/8);      hence the attributes of pain and pleasure etc. never exist in God.      Only embodied souls experience      pain and pleasure.

According to Vedic theory,      the doer is the one who reaps the fruits of his deeds. Jivatma      i.e. the soul acts only when it is embodied and receives the fruits (pain      or pleasure) of its actions. God      is all-blissful. He is complete so how can He experience pain?

“Anashnannyo      Abhichaakasheeti” (Rigveda 10-164-20)      which mean God is only      Observer/Viewer and not the reaper of the fruits. He is holy and away from      all evils.

God      is called “Vrijan” in      The Vedas (Rigveda 1-102-11) i.e. there is no pain in God, in other words God      is painless. (Vrijan means      painless). Pain lies in passion.

God      is away from all evil (Nirvikara)—-Rigveda      8-47-9, 1-162-22, 10-111-3, and 1-164-39.  

“Akaamo  Dheero       Amritah  Swayambhoo      Rasena Tripto  na       Kutashchanonah, Tameva      Vidvaan Na Vibhaaya Mrityoraatmaanam DheeramajaramYuvaanaam”. (Rigveda:      10-8-44)

The Veda says that God does not possess a      physical body. He is Omnipresent hence for Him to possess a physical body      is impossible. He always remains Untouchable and away from ignorance,      birth, envy, pain, hunger, etc.

Pain and pleasure do not      imply with God. God is      infinite by nature. His essence, powers, attributes are all infinite. He      can therefore, never be subject to ignorance, pain and bondage, etc.

Quest # 25: What does it mean that God is      Omniscient i.e. All knowing?

Answer: You have      asked an important Question, what is the meaning of Omniscient?

The meaning of Omniscient      is—-Knower of everything, i.e.      all knowing. He who is all pervading becomes All knowing and He who is All      knowing becomes Omniscient. There is just One Omniscient and there cannot      be anyone else like Him. Being Omniscient, His actions cannot be Quested.

Jiva (the soul) is an Infinitesimal      unity, it resides in one place, has limited knowledge, hence it is      incomplete and most of the actions of the soul are faulty.

“Sa Stomyah Sa Havyah Satyah Satvaatuvikoorbheehi” (Rigveda      8-16-8) God is Omnipotent and Eternal,      because

“Sahastrayaamaa Pathikrid Vichakshanah” (Rigveda 9-106-5) which mean He is Omniscient, the Master and teacher of infinite paths,      because,

“Sahastrasheersha Purushah Sahastraakshah sahastrapaat” (Rigveda      10-90-1) mean the Supreme Being who      is Omniscient, has an infinite number of heads, eyes and legs i.e. God      is All pervading and knows everything about when, where and how to      create–sustain–dissolve the Universe. He only creates, sustains and      dissolves the Universe. God knows all about the Universe (when-where-how-why etc. to create,      sustain and dissolve) and makes the laws of nature.

Omnipresent can only become omniscient and there will be only One      Omniscient i.e. All knowing,      who is none other than God      whose knowledge is uninterrupted in three period of time i.e. There is no      increment or decrement of knowledge. There can be recollection in      knowledge, it is called “Aavriti”.

Quest      # 26: God is Omniscient, then does He know about the future?

Answer: God      is Omniscience about His work i.e. to create, sustain and dissolve the      Universe. God knows all about the Universe (when-where-how-why etc. to      creates, sustain and dissolve) and makes the laws of nature, which are      called “Ritta”.

[The      word “Ritta”, in its      various forms, occurs more than 120      times in the Rigveda; 14 times in the Yajurveda; 43 times in the Samaveda      and 32 times in the Atharvaveda. All the meaning have their own      importance ”Ritta” in their context but the most importance      ”Ritta” of them are cosmic order or law of nature and the moral law.      These two aspects of Vedic “Ritta” carry very deep philosophical      consideration. If all their details are thoroughly examined they will lead      to the belief that the Veda is not only the scripture of religious rituals      and sacraments but it is also a repository of all true knowledge. It is      the knowledge which God, the      Lord of this universe, revealed for the well being of mankind. [“Science      in the Vedas“]

The soul is a free agent (“Swatantra”      i.e. he is called a free agent who has the body, the vital forces, the      senses and the mind subordinate to his will) hence man is not submitted to      Divine laws in the matter of suffering pain and misery or reap the fruits      of his deeds, until and unless he/she has not thought, planned or      performed any action.

God      is Omnipresent and Omniscient. He is always with the soul. He is the      controller of all from within. He knows everything about the soul. He      knows its capability and in present life, how far can the soul improve its      deeds, God knows from its      impressions of its previous lives.

God’s      knowledge is always uniform and uninterrupted hence there is no increment      or decrement in it.

Quest # 27: God is Omniscient, then does He      know our future?     

Answer: What do you mean by our future?

Quest # 28: That, what kind of work are we      going to do in the future?      

Answer: If we have      planned to do any work, then certainly ”Ritta” God      knows about it, because He is All pervading, hence He is aware of each and      every intention of ours. But If we have not decided or thought of any      future action yet, then God      does not know about it. God’s      knowledge is always uniform and uninterrupted. He always lives in the      present. It is true, though, that the knowledge of three periods of time      can be said to exist in God      when it is spoken of in relation to the actions of the soul, but not      absolutely.

Quest # 29: Then God would be ignorant? How      can it be possible?

Answer: An      interesting Quest indeed! GOD      can never ever be ignorant, we are ignorant and shall always remain the      same. God is All knowing i.e.      Omniscient, on the contrary we have little knowledge. God      is an Eternal Infinite Unity whereas we are eternal infinitesimal unities.

Up to now what you have read      (Doubts and Answers) and must have realized an account of the wonders      of the Universe around us and the surprises that we come across in the      behavior of tiny little living cells. Nothing in all these three is      disconnected or isolated. Everything exhibits a master plan and a master      design. When we postulate the existence of an Omnipotent, Omnipresent and      Omniscient God, it is not a      hypothetical postulate that based on faith.

It is a rational approach to      ascribe the orderliness that we find in this creation to a Supreme      Masterhand. God is an intelligent designer, who knows his art, who has the      capacity of the accomplishment, and who works with a set purpose. Nothing      in this Universe is without meaning. It is an amazing wonderland,      well-knit and well-woven, everything in it in its own place, every bit of      it throbbing with activity, nothing stationary, every bit of it endowed      with supreme activity. Ponder over a small Quest. Is it all by a chance      that we have such a Universe? What is the ultimate source of the energy      that we find in this Universe? Who has set all these planets stars,      asteroids, and galaxies in a well designed beautiful pattern on the carpet      of Space, and set all of them in motion? Can you imagine a time when this      Universe did not exist? Billions and billions of billions years ago, the      Universe existed and shall continue to exist for that period of time. When      was it born and what are its dimensions?

Beyond this Universe, both in space and time, is the Mighty and Supreme      Supervisor, who looks to all the details, big or small, and who has been      taking care of this vastness since an infinite time.

Admire this Universe and admire Beyond this      Universe, both in space and time, is the Mighty and Supreme Supervisor,      who looks to all the details, big or small, and who has been taking care      of this vastness since an infinite time. The HANDS behind it, This      Universe of ours, most beautiful, perfectly designed, in order and most      purposeful, at each stage well co-ordinated, stretching beyond the borders      of time and space.

The      Supreme Potter has the Supreme intelligence; He is Omniscient and      Omnipresent and He has been incessantly working in the entire space and      time, and the orderliness economy and purposefulness that we see in this      creation are due to Him. He is one without a second, the Great Co-ordinator,      and a Master planner. [*”Man      and his religion” by Swami Satya Prakash Saraswati.]

Quest # 30: Does Omniscient God know the      death of the soul?      

Answer: All souls are eternal, imperishable, everlasting and immortal like God      and the Matter. Of course! God      is Omniscient, He knows that all existing souls      are eternal, imperishable, everlasting and immortal, hence can never ever      be destroyed, devastated or dead in any circumstances whatsoever. They      always exist like God and the Prakriti.

 

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