Quest the Vedic Questions and Answers Part 5


THIS IS SERIES OF FAQs ON VEDAS.

READ , LEARN, FOLLOW AND PROPAGATE THE GOD BEST GIFT TO MANKIND -THE VEDAS

Contributor -Madan Rajeha ji

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Chapter      No  5

 

Quest      # 76: Can a soul acquire the complete knowledge of God?

Quest      # 77: When, how and who has written the Vedas? Is there full and complete      knowledge in the Vedas?

Quest      # 78: Do you believe the Ramayana – Maha-Bharata to be authoritative?

Quest      # 79: Are Ramayana, Geeta, Mahabharata, Puraanas, Bible, Quran etc. not      authoritative books or God’s word?

Doubts      # 80: Are the literatures written by Rishis acceptable as proofs i.e.      authoritative?

Quest      # 81: Why to believe the Vedas to be authoritative and of Divine origin      and true?

Quest      # 82: The Vedas are the creation of God. Any proof?

Quest      # 83: How many Vedas are there three or four?

Quest      # 84: Why there are only four Vedas?

Quest      # 85: If infinite God’s full knowledge is in the Vedas, then knowledge of      God will become finite?

Quest      # 86: How many mantras are there in “the four Vedas? What are called      “A’rsha Granthas” or Religious books?

Quest      # 87: What does “Shakha” (division of the Vedas) mean and how      many Shakhas are there in the Vedas?

Quest      # 88: Is there any quotation in the Vedas about “Nakshatras”      (Galaxies), and how many Nakshatras are there in the Universe?

Quest      # 89: Are there comments in the Vedas about “Rashis”(Horoscopes)?

Quest      # 90: Are there any comments in the Vedas about “Yajna” (Sacred      fire)?

Quest      # 91: The Vedas are written in Sanskrit Language, which is difficult to      understand. Then how can one follow the Vedas?

Quest      # 92: Sanskrit is a hard language to understand?

Quest      # 93: What is it called “Dharma”? What is its definition? What is      the religion of human being?

Quest      # 94: What is “Yajna”?Why      should we perform “Yajna”?

Quest      # 95: Can the eater of flesh become Mahatma i.e. Super-soul?

Quest      # 96: Do ghosts, witchcraft, bad omens, ghosts, demons, devils, monsters,      rascals, wandering-spirits, etc. exist? If yes! How can one get rid of      them?

Quest      # 97: Who is called “the Guru ” i.e. “the preceptor”      or the teacher? Is it necessary for one to have a Guru?

Quest      # 98: How should the relation between the preceptor and the disciple be?

Quest      # 99: What is “Paraa” and “Aparaa Vidyaa”? How much      knowledge is there in the Vedas?

Quest      # 100: Is it essential for one to have Guru?

Quest      # 76: Can a soul acquire the complete knowledge of God?

Answer:      No,      never! The soul is an infinitesimal conscious entity and has limited      capacity to acquire knowledge, because at one time its contact remains in      one place, hence it gets the knowledge of that limited place and not the      knowledge of the whole.

GOD      is infinite by nature. His essence, powers, attributes are all infinite.      He can, therefore, never be subject to ignorance, pain, bondage, etc. The      soul, even when emancipated, remains finite in knowledge, though pure in      nature. Its attributes, powers and activity all remain finite. Hence it      can never acquire full knowledge of God.

GOD      is All-pervading and all reside in Him. God      and the human soul stand in relation of the Pervader to the pervaded i.e.      one who pervades. There is no other single word in English to express the      idea. He exists in everything inside and outside.

GOD      is infinite and will remain infinite, whereas the soul is finite in      knowledge and power and will remain finite by their nature respectively.      How can the infinite knowledge of God      fit into the finite knowledge of the soul! ?

Whatever      knowledge is required in acquiring emancipation, that capacity exists in      the soul. God is Omniscient,      Omnipresent, and Omnipotent by nature whereas the soul’s attributes are      limited, finite and infinitesimal in dimension.

GOD      is complete, always remains complete. To acquire complete knowledge of God      is a far-fetched thing, if the soul can acquire the knowledge required for      its emancipation, it will be a kind of good luck for the soul.

Quest      # 77: When, how and who has written the Vedas? Is there full and complete      knowledge in the Vedas?

Answer:      The Vedas      are the true knowledge of God.      In the beginning after human beings had been created, the Supreme Spirit      made the Vedas known to Brahma      through Agni, etc., i.e., Brahma learnt the four Vedas      from Agni, Vayu, Aaditya and Angira(Manu Smriti 1-23). God      revealed his true knowledge to them because among all men those four were      purest at heart. God revealed      the same knowledge in the beginning of the Universe as He did it in the      previous creations, because the      Vedas are the eternal word of God.      The Vedas contain complete      knowledge required by man for attaining emancipation.

The      four Vedas are –The Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda. They      contain subjects like Science, Action, Communion and Knowledge,      respectively. God used Agni, Vayu,      Aaditya and Angira (who were Jivas in human bodies) as His instruments      only for revealing the Vedas. The      Vedas are not the product of their minds. God      is “Sarvajya” (Omniscient)      i.e. all knowledgeable, the relation between the Vedic words and their      meanings also were established by Him.

God’s      knowledge      is eternal and infallible therefore, the relation between the letters,      words and meaning in the Vedas      subsist for all times. They are the same in the present Kalpa (the time of the Universe) as they were in the past and shall      remain the same in the future also. Hence it is said in the Rigveda 8-4-48 that the Great Creator God has made the sun and      the moon just as He had made      them before! “The plan of the creation of the sun and the moon in the      present Kalpa is the same as      that which existed in God’s      knowledge in the previous Kalpa,      because His knowledge is not liable to increase or decrease or vary.” [*Yathaa      Purvamakalpayat” (Rigveda 8-4-48)]

There      are 20,416 mantras in      the four Vedas. All these mantras are eternal because they are a part of God’s      knowledge. And there cannot be increment or decrement in the number of      mantras. There cannot be any change, alteration or addition because the      Vedas are called “Shruti”      i.e. by listening from the beginning of the creation, by student-master      relation, it has come in the shape of book in the present. Even today      there are many pundits (spiritual teachers) in south India who remember by      heart and recite all mantras from the      Vedas.

The      knowledge derived from the Vedas      and explained in simple language is called Granthas or Aarsha Granthas      (virtuous books). The language of the      Vedas is called Dev-Vani      or Prakritik-Vani (language), which is commonly, knows as Sanskrit“,      which belongs to no country and is the mother      of all languages.

Sage      Patanjali, the author of the Mahabhashya,      says–“the words are eternal whether they are Vedic (peculiar to The      Vedas) or Loukika (used by the generality of mankind), because they are      composed of letters which are imperishable and immovable and are not      subject to elision, augmentation and substitution. Words are eternal      because in them there is no elision (Apaya),      disappearance, nor augmentation (Upajna),      nor substitution (Vikara).

The      whole world knows and believes that the Vedas are the oldest books on earth“. The Vedas      contain in them all the true sciences, as they are not the scripture of      mere ritual and sacraments, They are the repositories of all true      knowledge including science and procedure of rituals and ceremonies. It is      only he who can search the treasure of knowledge lying concealed in the Vedas.

Quest      # 78: Do you believe the Ramayana – Maha-Bharata to be authoritative?

Answer:      There      will be no clarification in our believing or not of this Quest. But what      is true always remains true. What is true in these historical books must      be believed and what is false and unbelievable i.e. against the laws of      the nature or science or against the Vedic theory, should not be believed,      whatever it may be.

Shri      Ram Chandra      was the son of Dashratha, the great king of Bharata. He was an obedient      son and went on exile to the jungles for fourteen years, obeying his      father’s order. He was a believer and knower of the      Vedas and performed Vedic rituals like Sandhya and Yajna daily. He      performed his duty towards his father, mother, brothers, wife, and towards      the people of his country. He was loyal to his duties and that is why he      is known as “Maryaada      Purushottam”. After fourteen years of exile, when he returned to Ayodhya,      the capital city of Bharata at that time, he became the king.

His      kingdom i.e. Ram Raajya was the      best period of our country. King Ram Chandra was so virtuous and holy that      peoples started worshiping him as God.

“The      life-sketch of Krishna given in      the Mahabharata      is very good. His nature, attributes, character, and life history are all      like that of an Aapta.      Nothing is written therein that would go to show that he committed any      sinful act during his whole life, but the author of the Bhagvata      has attributed to him as many vices and sinful practices as he could.      He has charged him falsely with the theft of milk, curd, and butter, etc.,      adultery with the female servant called Kubja,      flirtation with other people’s wives in the Raas mandal* and many      other vice like these. After reading this account of Krishna’s life, the      followers of other religions speak ill of him. Had there been no Bhagvata,      great men like Krishna would not have been wrongly lowered in the      estimation of the world.” (Satyarth      Prakash XI)

One      should make his life style according to these Holy personalities like Rama      and Krishna, and follow their teaching and acquire their attributes while      looking at their photos. Shri Rama and Shri Krishna were both knower and      believer of the Holy Vedas, hence one should follow the foot-steps of our      ancestors like Maryaada Purushottam Rama and Yogeshwara Krishna and have      faith and belief in the      Holy Vedas.

One      should study history, like the Ramayana and Mahabharata and the history of      the world, and accept the truth, and whatever is wrong unacceptable or      against the teaching of the Vedas      should be rejected.

The Vedas are the books of Divine revelation and His knowledge and      is correct and complete, hence one should study the Vedas and improve his true knowledge and get freed from all the      suffering of the world.

Quest      # 79: Are Ramayana, Geeta, Mahabharata, Puraanas, Bible, Quran etc. not      authoritative books or God’s word?

Answer:      God’s word is only the Vedas, and books which contain the truth according      to the teachings of the Vedas, must be accepted. The Vedas are said to be      authoritative because they contain an exposition of “Dharma”.

The      meaning of the aphorism is that all men should acknowledge the eternal      authority of the four Vedas,      because they enjoy the performance of Dharma as a duty and are the word of      God. (Vaisheshika 1-1-3)

Ramayana,      Geeta, Mahabharata,      etc. are books written by human beings and are called as history.      Possibilities are that there may be mistakes and errors in these books and      moreover there are many names of people, places of Indian origin and      incidents like wars registered which show that these books are not      revealed by the Supreme Being.      They are written by men and are the history of our great nation Bharata (Now India).      Sage Valmiki wrote the      great historical book “Ramayana”and in the same way Great Sage Vyasa      wrote Mahabharata      and Geeta is a small      portion of Mahabharata.The Geeta is said to be      the voice of Yogeshwara Shri      Krishna.

Shri      Ram and Krishna      both were great kings and their lifestyle and details of their kingdom was      written in these books. How can one believe these books as holy and books      of eternal truth revealed by God      and are true! The Vedas are for      mankind and for their upliftment and betterment.

The      Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda are the subjects      of knowledge, action, Communion and science respectively and all the true      knowledge is distributed in these, according to the capability and      capacity of the soul to acquire the knowledge. The Vedas do contain the      root principles of all the science. Of these! The first in importance is      Theosophy i.e. the knowledge of God. The Vedas also contain the root      principles of Science, Mathematics, Astronomy, Gandharva Veda (music),      Aayur Veda (medicine), astrology, and etc. etc. hence only the Veda is      God’s word.

God’s      knowledge is always revealed in the beginning of the creation and not      millions of year later. Suppose for the time being, if we believe that all      books of different religions to be true and God’s word, then God is      proved to be unjust and unlawful. Because many centuries after the      creation of men, who had committed sinful actions unto now are not guilty      of their sins as they were not given His true knowledge in time, and it is      too late for them to receive the fruits of their sins. This shows that God had not given His knowledge to those men who were born and died      before these so called holy books. But we believe God to be Just and Omniscient and knower of the three period of      time. Hence God flows His      eternal knowledge with the creation for the betterment of all men. So the      Vedas are the only theosophy to be believed and known.

To      believe on the words of an Aapta i.e. spiritual teacher is justified if      they are in accordance to the Vedic      teachings and if they (teachings) are against the teachings of the      Vedas it is certainly not to be believed. Indeed! Geeta,      Ramayana, Mahabharata,Quran, Bible etc.,      whatever true teachings or incidents are written in these so called holy      books should be accepted, there is no harm in accepting them and treating      them as history and not as God’s      words.

“The      collection of the four books, viz., Rika, Yajur, Sama and Atharva, which      have been uttered by God contain true knowledge are the Vedas. People      learn what is pure and what is not true from these Vedas.”

Doubts      # 80: Are the literatures written by Rishis acceptable as proofs i.e.      authoritative?

Answer:      Whichever books, written by the sages or great spiritual masters or Aaptas*,      If they follow the teachings of the Vedic theories, are believable and      authoritative scriptures, But, All      men should, therefore, believe      the Vedas to be self-authoritative and repositories of all sciences and      eternal. They are self-authoritative and repositories of all      sciences because they are the word of God,      and possess the quality of being eternal. They are eternal because they      remain unchanged through all ages. No other proof is admissible to prove      the authoritativeness of the Vedas.      Other proofs serve only as auxiliary or corroborative evidence. The      Vedas, like the sun, carry their own authority with them. As the sun      illumines all objects, both great and small, so do the Vedas shining with their own light shed their light on all      sciences.

[*Aapta      i.e. pious, truthful, unprejudiced, honest, and learned men.]

Maharishi      Swami Dayanand Saraswati says in “Light Of Truth” chapter III      {We have recommended only the books of Rishis for students to study,      because they were men of great knowledge, masters of all the sciences, and      also imbued with piety. But the books of mean scholars have being      condemned, because they had only a smattering of knowledge, and were not      free from prejudice either. How can their writing, then, be free from the      fault of their authors?

“Out      of all the above-mentioned books (we have recommended the students to      study), —The Vedas, Angas      (Limbs)*, Upangas (sub-limbs)**, Brahmans*** and Upavedas (sub-Vedas)      —The Vedas alone are held to be Divine in origin, the rest were made      by Rishis–seers of the Vedas      and nature. Should anything be found even in their writings contrary to      the teaching of the Vedas, it      is to be rejected, for the Vedas      alone, being Divine in origin, are free from error and axiomatic (Swatah Pramana). In other words the Vedas are their own authority; whilst other books such as the      Brahmans are Par-Pramana i.e., dependent upon the Vedas for their authority. They stand or fall according to their      conformity or conflict with the      Vedas.”}

[* Angas are six in number: –Phonetics      science of morals and duties, Grammar, Philology, Music and Astronomy.]

[**      Upangas are six in number: –Purva Mimansa, Vaisheshika, Niyama, Yoga,      Sankhya and Vedanta.]

[***      Brahmans are four in number: — Aitreya, Shatapatha, Sama and Gopatha.]

Whatever      is enjoined by the Vedas, are      right, while whatever is condemned by them we believe to be wrong. Among      the Shruties, manu      Smriti alone is authoritative, the interporated verses being excepted.

It      is best, therefore, to reject all these so called authoritative and      recognize The Vedas alone as      the proper authority in all matters and act accordingly.

Quest      # 81: Why to believe the Vedas to be authoritative and of Divine origin      and true?

Answer:      “The      book in which God is described      as He is viz., Holy, Omniscient, Pure in nature, character and attributes,      Just, Merciful, etc., and in which nothing is said that is opposed to the      laws of nature, reason, the evidence of direct cognisance, etc., the      teaching of the highly learned altruistic teachers of humanity (A’ptas),      and the intuition of pure souls,      and in which the laws, nature, and properties of matter and the soul are      propounded as they are to be inferred from the order of nature as fixed by      God, is the book of Divine revelation. Now The Vedas alone fulfil all the above conditions, hence they are the      revealed books.” [Light Of      Truth—-VII]

Man      is finite in knowledge of his surroundings where he stays and does      mistakes hence cannot be perfect, because he is infinitesimal unity,      whilst God is infinite,      All-pervading, Omniscient, so His knowledge —The      Vedas are the only ATHOROTATIVE      AND TRUSTED      by all. The Vedas being Divine in origin, are free from error and axiomatic      (Swatah-Pramana), in other words the      Vedas are their own authority, whilst other books, dependent upon the      Vedas for their authority.

As      the parents are kind to their children and wish for their welfare, so has      the Supreme Spirit, out of kindness to all men, revealed. The      Vedas by whose study men are freed from ignorance and error, and may      attain the light of true knowledge and thereby enjoy extreme happiness as      well as advance knowledge and promote their welfare[S.P.      VII]

Since      time immemorial, till the Great War of Mahabharata the scholars treated The Vedas as the repository of all true knowledge and interpreted      them accordingly. If The Vedas      had not possessed science the various scientific developments would not      have taken place.

Great      sage Vyasa, the author of the      Vedanta Darshana unequivocally accepted this idea. Shri      Shankaracharya comments in his Sutra “Shastrayonitvat      (1-1-3)”The Vedas      are the scriptures of all true-knowledge. He attributes them with the      adjectives “Saravidyo-pvrinhita”      and “Sarvajnakalpa”

The      great sage of modern era “Maharishi      Dayanand Saraswati” confidently declared in his book “Rigvedaadi-Bhaashyabhumika” ‘in which he collected some      very conspicuous facts of science“The      Vedas are the scripture of all true knowledge, is such a gift to mankind      on his part that he deserves the gratitude of posterity.”

Quest      # 82: The Vedas are the creation of God. Any proof?

Answer:      There      are many proofs in the Vedas      that show that the Vedas are      the books of Divine revelation.

The      Yajurveda (31-3) explains that Agni = Rigveda (glorification), Vayu =      Yajurveda (communion), Aaditya = Samaveda (emancipation) and Angira =      Atharvaveda = sacred word i.e. God’s word.

·“Tasmaad      Yajyaat Sarvahuta RrichahSaamaani jagyire” (Rigveda 10-90-9) i.e. “God      has created the Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva Vedas”.

·“Brahma      Padavaayam BraahmanemaAdheepatihi” (Atharvaveda 12-5-4) Which mean,      “God is knower and revealer of the Vedas”.

The Yajur Veda (31-7)says: “The Rigveda, the      Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda were produced by the      Supreme and perfect Being, Parabrahman, who possesses the attributes of      self-existence, consciousness and bliss, who is Omnipotent and universally      adored. The meaning is that the four Vedas were revealed by God      alone.”

·The Atharvaveda (10-23-4-10)      says— “Who is that Great Being who revealed the Rig Veda, the Yajur      Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharva Veda? He is the Supreme Spirit who      created the universe and sustains it.”

·The      Yajur Veda (XL-8) says—“The Great Ruler of the universe, who is self-existent,      All-pervading, Holy, Eternal and Formless, has been eternally instructing      His subjects –the immortal souls–in all kinds of knowledge for their good through the      Veda.”

[For further information inquisitive readers      should refer and study –Atharvaveda 12 Th. Khanda, 5 Th. Sukta and mantra      # 1 to 73]

(Atharvaveda      19-5-13, 12-5-4, 10-7-14) (Yajurveda 2/21, 23/61, 23/62, 31/7), the      all-sustaining God is the author of the Vedas.

Quest      # 83: How many Vedas are there three or four?

Answer:      There      are four Vedas, which contain      the knowledge of three subjects, i.e. Knowledge, action and communion.      [Glorification–communion–emancipation]

The books called the      Rigveda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharva Veda—mantras      Samhitas only and no other.

One      who believes that there are three      Vedas is completely wrong and should rectify him self. The Vedas are four in number.

Quest #      84: Why there are only four Vedas?

Answer:      God      has given us a beautiful body hence it is our duty to protect it. What is      the use of this precious body if there is no knowledge. Human race is the      best because only in this race one gets a proper knowledge of the soul, Prakriti and God, and      this he acquires only from the      Vedas.

Knowledge,      deeds, communion and emancipation (science) are the four subjects of the      Vedas and are complete when combined, otherwise there is no use of      studying only one subject or the other.

God      has revealed His true knowledge to men only because man has intellect to      grasp the proper knowledge from the      Rig-Veda and after getting that proper knowledge he should act      accordingly, which is taught in the      Yajur-Veda. There is a possibility that man may become egoistic after      getting knowledge and performing good deeds, so God      has given him the Sama- Veda      for balancing him i.e. communion with God.      When man has developed himself with knowledge, virtuous deeds and      communion with the Supreme Being, he becomes happy in his life, but still      wanders in search for something more. Lastly God      provides the Atharva-Veda in      which man gets the knowledge of true science i.e. the science of the soul      and the Supreme Soul (God). The      bliss of God is possible through the Atharva Veda. Hence all      the four Vedas are essential to acquire the correct and complete      knowledge of the matter (Prakriti), the soul and God with      which he is free from all sorrows and pains, when he renounces the worldly      attraction and temptation, and gets the Bliss      of God.

When      a man acquires the knowledge of the four Vedas      (Knowledge–deeds–communion–science), he is qualified enough to proceed      to his life’s goal i.e. to get the bliss of God.

The      four Vedas      are the four pillars of success in a man’s life, hence the      four Vedas are essential. “WHAT      IS MAN’S CAPACITY AND CAPABILITY TO ACQUIRE THE TRUE KNOWLEDGE FOR HIS      EMANCIPATION, GOD HAS REVEALED THE TRUE KNOWLEDGE COMPLETE AND CORRECT IN      THE VEDAS NO LESS, NO MORE.”

There      are mantra revelated by knowledge in the Rigveda. The Yajur Veda mantras      are revelated by actions i.e. what is right and what is wrong, and what to      do and what is prohibited by virtue. In the Sama Veda most mantras are      about communion with God.      Lastly in the Atharva Veda there are root mantras of science on different      subjects along with mantras related to medical science.

THE      GREAT SAGE MAHARISHI SWAMI DAYANAND SARASVATI HAS SAID IN THE TEN      COMMANDMENTS OF ARYA SAMAJ ” THE VEDAS ARE THE SCRIPTURES OF TRUE      KNOWLEDGE AND IT IS THE PREMIER DUTY OF ALL ARYANS TO RECITE AND TEACH THE      VEDAS.

God      is Omniscient and only He is the true friend of the soul, because the soul      has limited power and knowledge. God      is the greatest teacher and guide who revealed His knowledge in the beginning      of the world after human life had been created, for the betterment of      mankind.

“As parents are kind to their children and wish for their      welfare, so does the Supreme Spirit, out of kindness to all mankind      revealed the Vedas by whose study men are freed from ignorance and error, and      may attain the light of true knowledge and thereby enjoy extreme happiness      as well as advance knowledge and promote their welfare” [S.P.      VII]

“The      Vedas are the true knowledge of God. In the beginning after human being      had been created, the Supreme Spirit made the Vedas known to Brahma      through Agni, etc., i.e., Brahma learnt the four Vedas from Agni, Vayu,      Aaditya and Angira(Manu Smriti 1-23).”

Quest      # 85: If infinite God’s full knowledge is in the Vedas, then knowledge of      God will become finite?

Answer:      Whatever      knowledge, the soul required for its salvation, God has revealed the same in the      Vedas. To get more knowledge than required is of no use. God      is Omniscient. He knows better about the soul’s capacity for acquiring      knowledge.

GOD      is infinite by nature, His essence, powers, attributes are all infinite,      so is His knowledge. The soul is an infinitesimal unity hence, remains,      finite in knowledge, though pure in nature. He acquires the knowledge      according to its capacity. God      has given him correct and complete knowledge; no less no more.

Quest      # 86: How many mantras are there in “the four Vedas? What are called      “A’rsha Granthas” or Religious books?

Answer:There exists the four Vedas, i.e.      the Rigveda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharva Veda.

(1)      In      the Rig-Veda there are 10 Mandalas (Volumes), 85      Anuvakas (Sections), 1028      Suktas and 10589 Mantras (verses)

(2)      In      the Yajur Veda there are 40      Adhyaaya (Chapters) in which contains 1975      Mantras.

(3)      In      the Sama Veda there are 1875 Mantras. And

(4)      In      the Atharva Veda three are 10      Mandalas (Volumes), 20 Khandas      (Sections) and 5977 Mantras.

The      total mantras in the four Vedas      are 10589 + 1975 + 1875 + 5977 =      20,416 i.e. Twenty thousand four hundred and sixteen mantras.

Readers      will be surprised to know that the total letters of the four Vedas is      864000, which is God’s creation      and are eternal. The Vedas are      the religious books for all mankind.

There      are four UpVedas+ or Sub-Veda (Here the word ‘Veda’ stands for education), under which comes six Vedangas (Limbs)*,      six Upangas (sub-limbs)**,      i.e. six school of thought propounded by seers and sages, four      Brahmans*** and —the Vedas      alone are held to be Divine in origin, the rest were made by R’shis–seers      of the Veda and nature. There are      ten Upanishads.

[They      are four in number: –(i) the      Ayurveda or the medical scriptures; (ii)      the Arthaveda or the technological sciences; (iii) the Dhanurveda or the science of archery; devastating weapon      and missiles and diplomacy; and (iv)      the Gandharvaveda or the science of music.]

{*      They are six in number: –(I) Shiksha      [Phonetics science of morals and duties]; (ii)      Kalpa [geometry]; (iii) Vyakarana      [Grammar]; (iv) Chhanda      [metrics i.e. Philology]; (v)      Nirukta [etymology] and (vi)      Jyotisha [astronomy and astrology].}

{**      They are six in number: —Purva Mimansa,      Vaisheshika, Nyaaya, Yoga, Sankhya and

Vedanta      these      are also commonly called the six schools of Indian philosophy. They have      profound respect for the four Vedas.      These philosophical system show that human mind soared to highest peak of      the imagination. Usually most      people believe Vedanta means ending portion of the Veda, which is      wrong. The real meaning of “Vedanta” is so called “the      theory of the Vedas.” Here ‘Anta’ stands for the theory and not      for the end.}

[***      They are four in number: — Aitreya, Shatapatha, Sama and Gopatha.]

[++      There are also ten Upanishads e.g. I’sh,      Kena, Katha, Prashna, Munduka, Muanduka, Aitreya, Taitreya, Chhandogya and      Vrihadaranyka. Upanishads, which deal with the spiritual science as      well as physical science in some cases, are the offshoots of the careful      examination of the Vedic verses.]

Whatever      is enjoined by the Vedas, are      right, whilst whatever is condemned by them we believe to be wrong. Among      the Shruties, manu      Smriti alone is authoritative, the interporated verses being excepted.

Quest      # 87: What does “Shakha” (division of the Vedas) mean and how      many Shakhas are there in the Vedas?

Answer:      Accordingto the great sage Gemini, writer of Meemansa Shastra (1-130), the      teaching pattern it is called “Shakha.      Branch, part or division etc. are not the correct meaning of Shakha but      these Shakhas are the pattern of teaching –the way of teaching, –the      style of teaching of the Vedas.

It      is written in the Mahabhashya-Karika      (Ashtadhyayi 4-1-63) that Charan      is meant for Gotra, here Charan means –the style of teaching. In short the branches of The      Vedas means the style / pattern of teaching and they are not division      or tree-like branches.

According      to the Mahabhashya, it is written that there are 1131      branches of the Vedas. In the Sarvanukrammi      its number is 1130, in the Chakraviyuh      its number is only 116. Swami      Dayanand Saraswati has quoted the number of the branches of The Vedas as 1127, in      his immortal book “Light      of Truth”.

First      it was the great sage named “Shakal”      who had taught the style of teaching of The      Vedas. Shakal is      very ancient. By way of Mandalas–Anuvakas–Suktas,      Shakal has popularized      his brand what is known as that “the teaching of Shakal“. It is said that all other patterns of teaching      (Shakhas) are come in existence after Shakal. Where there are Mandalas,      Anuvakas, Sukta, they are known as Shakal’s      literature.

Quest      # 88: Is there any quotation in the Vedas about “Nakshatras”      (Galaxies), and how many Nakshatras are there in the Universe?

Answer:      Yes!      There are quotations of the Nakshatras i.e. Galaxies in the Vedas.

Refer      the Atharva Veda 19-7- mantras # 2, 3,4, 5. Also see in the Atharva Veda      19-8- Mantras # 1 and 2.

{Krittika      – Rohini – Mrigashira – Aarda – Punarvasu – Pushya – Aashlesha (Ashlesha)      – Magha – Purva-phalguni – Uttra-phalguni – Hasta – Chitra – Swati -Vishakha      – Anuradha – Jyeshtha – Mula – Purvaashadha – Uttaraashadha – Abhijeet –      Shravana Shravishtha – Shatabhishaj – Purva-Bhadrapada – Uttara-Bhadrapada      – Revati – Purva-Ashvani – Uttaraa-Ashvani – Bharni.}There are twenty-eight Nakshatras      described in the Atharva Veda.

·“Nakshatrebhihi      Pitaro Dyaamapishan”(Rigveda 10-68-11) which      mean the Divine power has beautified the sky with the Nakshatras.

·“Hariranyaasyam      Bhavati Swadhaavaan Shukro Anyasyaam” (Rigveda 1-95-1)      means “Sun gives light in the daytime and Nakshatras illuminate at      night”.

According to the Surya Siddhanta (the theory of the sun) there are 28      galaxies from Ashvani to Revati.

Quest      # 89: Are there comments in the Vedas about “Rashis”(Horoscopes)?

Answer:      Of course! There      are many descriptions about the Rashis in the      Vedas. Astronomy is that division of science which with the heavenly      bodies. In India this branch of science was highly developed. Here we want      to enlighten the readers on necessary and important astronomical facts      about Rashies i.e. Horoscope. Study of the      Vedas reveals this fact: —

Dwaadash      Pradhayashchakramekam Treeni naabhyaani Ka U Tachchiketa,

Tasmintsaakam      Trishataa na shadkavorpitahaa Pashtirna Chalaachalaasah”

(Rigveda 1-164-48)

Which      mean that there are 360 parts      in 12 divisions of the wheel of      a Savatsaras (solar year), in      which there are three Nabhis      i.e. cold, heat and rain. Mantra says that 360 portions of this wheel are      immovable.

“Tastraahataastreeni      Shatani Shnkavah Shashtishcha Kheelaa Avichaachalaa ye”

(Atharva      Veda 10-8-4), which also says that this wheel of time has its      existence, which is wheel of Horoscopes.

{Refer      Atharvaveda 10-8-4, Rigveda 1-16411 and 1-164-46 for the detailed verses      quoted for twelve divisions or signs and twelve months of year.] The      twelve signs are at present named, are as follows —

Aries      i.e.      Mesha (Mrach 20 to April 18), Taurus      i.e. Vrisha (April 19 to May 19), Gemini      i.e. Mithuna (May 20 to      June 20), Cancer i.e. Karka (June 21 to July 21), Leo      i.e. Sinha (July 22 to      August 21), Virgo i.e. Kanya (August 22 to September 20), Libra i.e. Tula      (September 21 to October 22), Scorpio      i.e. Vrischika (October 23 to      November 21), Sagittarius i.e.      Dhanuh (November 22 to December 22), Capricorn      i.e. Makra (December 23 to January 19), Aquarius i.e. Kumbha      (January 20 to February 18) and      Pisces i.e. Mina (February      19 to March 19).]

Quest      # 90: Are there any comments in the Vedas about “Yajna” (Sacred      fire)?

Answer:      Yes! There      are hundreds of mantras in The      Vedas who describe about performing of Yajna, which is the best deed      for man on earth. The Yajur Veda is full of mantras about Yajna i.e. what,      when, why and how to perform Yajna. The      Yajur Veda is the Veda of Karma-kaanda i.e. what are essential duties      of a noble man and what actions are to be avoided by man, all these things      are described in the Yajur Veda.

“Yajna:      Beginning from Agnihotra (the fire-ritual) unto Ashvamedha (the      house-ritual), or the material transaction and physical science which are      used for the welfare for the universe are called Yajna.”

The      Yajna or Yagya are as old (ancient) as the      Vedas. The Rigveda is the first Veda, in which the very first mantra says:      —

“Agni      Meede Purohitam Yajyasya Devamritvijam,Hotaaram Ratna Dhaatamam.” (Rigveda      1-1-1-1)

In      this very first mantra of the Veda it is clearly described the words “Yajna”,      “Prohit”, “Ritvij” and “Hotaa”, hence it      clear that Yajna is to be performed in the guidance of purohits – Ritvij –      Hotaa, hence Yajna are as ancient as the      Veda itself.

·“Aram      Krinvantu vedim Samagnimindhataam Purah” (Rigveda 1-170-4)

Means it is a commandment of the      Supreme Soul that “Decorate the Yajna-Vedi i.e. yourPlaces where Yajna is performed,      and do lit the sacred fire in it and raise it.

·“Aa Vakshi Devaam Iha      Vipra Yakshi Cha” (Rigveda 2-36-4)

Means “O learned man! Invite the gods      and perform Yajna i.e. sacred fire.

·“Juhota Pra Cha      Tishthata” (Rigveda 1-15-9)

Means it is a God’s order to perform Yajna and develop.

·“Pra Yajyamanmaa      Vrijanam Tiraate” (Rigveda 7-61-4)

·Means performing sacred      Yajna solves all problems of life.

·”One’s      intellect is purified with the      Yajna” (Rigveda 3-32-12)

      There are many mantras in the four Vedas related to Yajnas,      which inspire to perform holy and sacred Yajnas, in return of which all      actions are done properly and purely.

“Rricham      Tvah Poshamaaste Pupushvaan Gaayatram Tvo Gaayati Shakvareeshu,

Brahmaa      Tvo Vadati Jaatavidyam Yajyasa Maatram Vi Mimeeta U Twaaha” (Rigveda 10-71-11)

In      this mantra, there are four names of the persons who look after the      essential duties of performing the ritual related to Yajna i.e. Hotaa,      Udgaataa, Brahama, and Adharvyu, whose duties are –to correct the      pronunciations of the holy mantras, –to sing mantras accordingly, to      watch and advice for corrected proceedings of the Yajna and to construct      the appropriate position of the Vedi where Yajna is to be performed,      respectively. Yajna is scientific and essential duty of man to perform.

Quest      # 91: The Vedas are written in Sanskrit Language, which is difficult to      understand. Then how can one follow the Vedas?

Answer:      The Sanskrit      language is not so hard as you understand. The language of the Vedas is not Sanskrit, but it is called “Deva Vani” i.e. “the Divine language”,      which is God’s language. It is      true that by learning Sanskrit language, one can easily follow the      teachings of the Vedas.

For      understanding the correct meaning of the Vedic mantras, one has to work      hard and practice, because without interest and hard work nothing is      achieved in life. To acquire God’s      knowledge, one should learn Sanskrit from a learned teacher and study The      Vedas from a spiritual master. The Sanskrit language is hard, but not      impossible to learn. Only by studying The      Vedas, one gets true knowledge.

“A      will will find a way.”

Quest      # 92: Sanskrit is a hard language to understand?

Answer:      It is natural that mother tongue seems to be easy compare to any other      language. It      is easy and takes less time to study Sanskrit other than to learn English,      French, German, Russian, Urdu, Hindi or Punjabi etc.

If      one try to learn, he must have true interest, then only he can learn and      even understand some of mantras of the      Vedas within one month. What is not possible with hard work; even hard      work becomes easy, but without action there will be no reaction. Sooner or      later one has to get the fruits of his action.

Quest      # 93: What is it called “Dharma”? What is its definition? What is      the religion of human being?

Answer:      The      natural instinctive attributes of anything is called “Dharma” or      “Duty” e.g. Dharma of fire is light and heat, hence if there is      light, heat and illumination in fire, it is called fire, otherwise without      these attributes fire cannot be defined as fire.

The      term “Dharma” is one of the most intractable terms in Hindu      philosophy. Derived from the root Dhar (Dhrita-dharne) which means to      uphold, sustain, support, the term Dharma      denotes “that which holds together the different aspects and      qualities of an object into a whole”. Ordinarily, the term Dharma has been translated as religious code, as righteousness, as a      system of morality, as duty, as charity, etc. But the original Sanskrit      term has a special connotation of its own which is not captured by any one      of these renderings. The best rendering of this term Dharma is, “the law of being meaning “that which makes a      thing or being what it is” For example, it is the Dharma of the fire to burn, of the sun to shine, etc.

Dharma      means, therefore, not merely righteousness or goodness but it indicates      the essential nature of anything, without which it cannot retains      independent existence.

Everything has its own nature,      actions and attributes i.e. Dharma.      If we are to live as truly dynamic men in the world, we can only do so by      being faithful to our true nature. The system of the whole Universe is      sustained by the virtue of natural laws, hence it is preserved in the      space. In the universe everything is in order because of law of truth,      that is Dharma.

In      Manusmriti the word      “Dharma” is defined as — Dharma is that when the existence      stay while acquiring that thing”; human Dharma is humanity, but what is      humanity? What are the natural and fundamental attributes of man, one      should know all these things.

Vaisheshika      Shastra (1-2) says “Yatomyudayanihishyeyasasiddhi Sa Dharmah” i.e.      the Dharma is that by which one      gets everything for his life’s requirements (Bhoga) and communion with God      i.e. Liberation or Emancipation (Moksha).

According      to the Vedic philosophy —study of true knowledge from the      Vedas and practice of virtuous deeds accordingly is called “Dharma”      from which all kinds of essential things required for living is acquired      and lastly the soul is emancipated by true knowledge.

The      great sage Manu      has described the natural and basic attributes of “Dharma” by acquiring of which man becomes virtuous and      religious minded. There are ten attributes of the moral code i.e.      Dharma;

Dritihi Kshamaa      DamoAsteyam Shouchamindriyanigraha, Dheervidyaha      Satyamakrodho Dashakam Dharma Lakshanam” (Manusmriti VI – 92)

Means      “(I) Resolution, (II) Patience, (III) Self–restraint, (IV) Honesty,      (V) Purity, (VI) Restraint of the organs, (VII) Devotion, (VIII) Knowledge      (of the Vedas), (IX) Truth and (X) Absence of anger. These      are the tenfold of the Vedic Dharma or the right conduct of life for mankind.

Means      “The Vedas,      the Smritis, the practice of men, good and true, in conformity with The      Vedas—the word of God,      and the satisfaction of one’s own soul—these undoubtedly, are the four      criteria of true conduct of life i.e. religion, which enable one to      distinguish between Right and Wrong.”      “In other words, it is by these alone that the true religion is      ascertained.”

According      to Swami Dayanand Saraswati: — “Dharma” (Righteousness):      Righteousness lies in showing guileless obedience to divine decrees, in      being impartially just and in acting in a way that benefits all. That      righteousness is fully validated by perceptual proofs and is in conformity      with the Vedic injunction. Hence men everywhere must act righteously. [Aryoddesyaratnamala]

God      is one, hence there exists only one Dharma i.e.      religion for all men, not many. What are extras are not religions, but      are beliefs, Mazahab, Panth or groups, etc. Which are made by man of      different thinking, different groups in different environment according to      their beliefs, depending on places, time and their personal gains or      ignorance, But when we talk about religion i.e. Dharma (Righteousness) it      is One for all. Religion exists for the betterment and upliftment for man      and not for the separation of one man from another. Religion shows man the      right path of life, the true meaning of life; otherwise, there is no any      difference between man and an animal.

“Aahaara      Nidraa Bhaya Maithunashcha Saamaanya Metatpashurbhirnaraanam,

Dharmo      Hi Teshaamadhiko Visheshah Dharmena Heenah Pashumihi Samaanah.”

(Manu 2-12)

Means      there are commonness in man and beast as —sex, fear, eating and      sleeping, the only difference is that of “Dharma”,      which exists more in man; otherwise, non-religious man is like an animal.

In      short Manu says “the approval of one’s soul” is the religion of      man. Man is called a man because of his moral codes i.e. Dharma that shows      him the right way of living, gives true knowledge of right and wrong and      gives him the knowledge of duties towards his family, society, nation and      the world, otherwise man looks like a man, But actually he is not worthy      to be called a man. “Aachar      Parmo Dharma” (Manu 1-108) i.e.Character or righteous living as taught by the      Vedas as well as Smritis* in conformity with the      Vedas, is the high virtue. [Writings of A’ptas in conformity with God.

Men      have exploited the “Dharma” according to their wishes and because of      that the modern generation keep themselves away from all these things.

[*      Writings of A’ptas in conformity of the      Vedas. An A’pta is a pious, truthful, unprejudiced, honest and      learned person]

Quest      # 94: What is “Yajna”?Why      should we perform “Yajna”?

Answer:      “Yajna: Beginning from Agnihotra (the fire-ritual) unto Ashvamedha      (the house-ritual), or the material transaction and physical science which      are used for the welfare for the universe are called Yajna.”

The      word “Yajna” is derived from its root word “Yaj”      i.e. (i) Deva-Pooja i.e.      worship of deities, (ii)      Sangati-Karan i.e. association and friendliness and (iii)      Daan i.e. charity and sacrifices.

Every      deed without selfishness can also be called Yajna, which is the ancient      virtue of all times.

(i)      Deva-Pooja:      i.e. to respect elders [Father, Mother, Teachers, Learned persons guests      etc. to obey and respect them accordingly.] and also to perform Agnihotra      (fire rituals).

(ii)      Sangati-Karan: i.e.      to make friendship and love with the same age group, by this there will be      no enmity and,

(iii)      Daan:      i.e. to help and give protection to younger ones. To give them shelter and      look after them. To teach them proper knowledge and guide them in the      right direction.

Deva-Pooja,      Sangati-Karan and Daan balance the life of a man.      Homa or Agnihotra      (fire rituals) is materialistic symbol of Yajna by which environment is      purified, hence health is improved. Whatever substances are put in the      fire (fire of Yajna), it maximizes the attributes of that Substance and      air spreads it in to the atmosphere. There are many advantages of      Agnihotra. Yajna is beneficial for all living-beings, because whatever is      put in the holy fire (Yajna), the fire returns the same in manifold to      air, air returns it to clouds which also does the same thing i.e. clouds      give back to earth by way of rain. What man had scarified in fire, the      same is returned to him in manifold by way of Yajna. Yajna also controls      pollution. Food, vegetables, herbal is enriched and purified, hence      performance of “Yajna” is essential and the best deed for man in      the world.

Yajna      is good for all, by performing “Homa” the society is benefited      and enjoys a pleasant life [Of course we also are the members of society].      All living beings gain from Yajna. Pain, sorrows, unhappiness, miseries,      all kind of diseases and tensions are gone by performing the best deed for      man i.e. “Yajna”. Yajna or Havan is to purify the atmosphere and      the mind of the performer and those who join in it. It serves to elevate      the human mind by enabling it to bless, praise and adore the divine giver      of life and happiness.

The      fire in the Yajna means a lot too. If valuables are burned then the fire      is symbolized human welfare. Havan-Samagri and other odoriferous      ingredients along with Pure Ghee are burned then the fire disseminates the      essential oils in the atmosphere when these scents are inhaled, the fumes      seek the tissues of the body, which is beneficial to the body. The central      and overall meaning of the Yajna involves sacrifice and cooperation with      others to achieve desired goals. The spirit for sacrifice and sharing is      at the core of Yajna.

Yajna      (Homa or Agnihotra) –it is a worship of Jada deities’ i.e. insensate      objects or dead inert matters so in that way nature’s balances is      mentioned. By this method of scarification we also learn to give and      donate. Recitation of all mantras of Agnihotra ends in “Idam Na Mama”, which means, “It is not mine”. In this way egoism does not develop in      the mind of man who performs Yajna, hence attributes of individuality (Ahankara)      is perished.

life      [Of course we also are the member of society]. All living beings gain from      the Yajna. Pain, sorrows, unhappiness, miseries, all kind of diseases and      tensions are gone by performing the best deed for man i.e. “Yajna”.      Yajna or Havan is to purify the atmosphere and the mind of the performer      and those who join in it. It serves to elevate the human mind by enabling      it to bless, praise and adore the divine giver of life and happiness.      

The      Veda says —“He who wants blissful life (heaven) must perform Yajna”.

Quest      # 95: Can the eater of flesh become Mahatma i.e. Super-soul?

Answer:      Eater      of any kind of flesh can become a monster, not a great soul or a saint.      One, who wants to become a saint or a mystic, has to learn to respect his      own soul first. One who only want of flesh, kills some animals or other      living being, it is understood that he has no respect for other      living-being and their own souls.      Because of taste of his tongue and selfishness, animals loose their lives.      If you cannot give life to anyone, you do not have the right to kill      anyone. God gives it, none has any right to take the life of anyone. He is      criminal and beast who do such dirty deeds in his life. Even God      does not excuse them.

All      souls are equal and same, but      according to their past deeds and Sanskaaras they get different bodies to      get the fruits of their past actions. Is there anyone who wants to be      killed or disrespected by any living being or to be tortured by others?      No! Every living being protects him self from any pain and misery. The      life is precious to everyone, and everyone wants to live a longer life, so      let him or her live life in their own way. Do not disturb anyone. This is      a sinful act. Eating flesh, the body increases, fat increases only flesh      and obesity invites all kinds of diseases, which is a big sin again. It is      a big sin to be sick purposely.

The      mind, intellect, inner conscious and individuality is infected by use of      such food, which is obtained through injuring and killing of animals by      way of theft, dishonesty, breach of faith, fraud and hypocrisy.

Meat      eating is not permissible for men. It is food for the beast. Nature has      provided food-grains, vegetables, fruits and many kinds of roots, which      are energetic and determined by the science of moral and religionand the other by the science of health.

·“Men      should abstain from flesh diet and intoxicants” (Manu 5-5).

·“Intoxicants,      such as wine, ganja, cannabis and opium etc., let them never use those      articles that are prejudicial to the growth of intellect” (Manu      4-21).

Lion is a wild animal, who      eats flesh by hunting its prey, only when it is hungry. On the other hand,      man is a social animal, he lives in a society of human being, he has      intellect, he is supposed to be civilizes, so why this inhumanity? Is it      humanity to catch dumb and mute animals by fraud –tie them –cut their      throat and their body and eat their flesh? Is this human nature? To cook a      dead body in home utensils, cook bones and flesh in wine and whisky, in      the end put the dead animal’s body in your stomach, is this human’s moral      code and conduct? Man has surpassed the limit of humanity. Flesh-eater      cannot become a saint or a super-soul, yes, he can become a      “Monster”, not even a ordinary man. He who has made his stomach      a cemetery, an impure house, can imagine other cruel things? He is to call      a demon –devil, not a deity.

To serve mutton and Liquor in      the temple &c. on some auspicious occasion as ‘Prasadam’ is the      greatest sin. This shows how a man can be disgraced. Temples are believed      to be the most sacred places where prayers are offered and is a place of      worship. Dharma teaches ‘Ahimsa’ not ‘Himsa’. Is this humanity to      eat dead animal’s flesh? Due to bodily characteristics the flesh is food      for animals of jungle i.e. lions etc. mostly animals with claws. Is man a      jungle animal?

According      to the Vedic theory human      should eat “Sattvik      foods” i.e. pure food determined by the science of moral and      religion, and the other by the science of health and perform his virtuous      actions. He only is worthy to be called a man.

Quest # 96: Do ghosts,      witchcraft, bad omens, ghosts, demons, devils, monsters, rascals,      wandering-spirits, etc. exist? If yes! How can one get rid of them?

Answer:      Any word, which exists, has a meaning. Bhootas, ghosts, Rakshasa,      Devils, Demons, Monsters, Bad omens etc. etc. these words must have some      meanings.      In the Hindi language, time that is gone and does not exists now is called      “Bhoota” i.e. the      past. Yes, this is Bhoota.

Ignorant and illiterate people      who live in villages and backward area, are so simple that they believe      whatever they listen. They even believe that Bhoota (devil) is some      painful soul of a departed one who may have died in an accident or in      terrible condition, and now wandering in the atmosphere and disturbing the      lives of living-beings with some extraordinary super natural powers.

There      is also an other belief that when a man expires, becomes Bhoota, if his      wishes are not satisfied or his desires are not fulfilled in his life      time, hence he wanders in the atmosphere and come and go by his will;      which concept is completely wrong and baseless.

Cruel      people who have very bad character, whose deeds and nature are impure, do      injustice with others, killing and rapping are their business. People who      have no mercy in their hearts, no sweetness in their talks, cruelty in      their eyes, monster-like actions, dangerous personality are called Devils.      To eat fleshy things, to drink intoxicants, to kill without any reason, to      torture &c., these are the attributes of a monster, demon horrible      person, which look like a man, but actually he is a beast.

There      is a human race named “Rakshasa”, who are mostly illiterate,      ignorant and live in jungles. They are away from civilization and hence      they are called “Rakshasa” because in them there is      nothing like man’s attributes nature and characters. They do not what is      religion and moral code or the purpose of their lives.

The      imagination of a devil like creature for an ordinary man is that it would      be like a big-tall man with big teeth, dangerous face, burning red eyes,      two horns on his forehead, long hairs etc. that is only an imagination,      there exists no such monster or creature or man. In other words, it is the      weakness of mind and heart. It is a profitable business for selfish      fellows who benefit themselves by telling lie stories about monsters and      demons, and take money and other precious ornaments from ignorant people      to get rid of their shadows. There is no reality, actually these Tantrik      (who do all these types of things) people are fake and misguide illiterate      people, who are already in pain and make their life more miserable. It is      our wise advice to all, not to follow these kinds of Tantriks or such      people who misguide our readers for the sake of money.

Beware of this fake Tantrik –Mantrik      –Yogi –Jogi –as they look like a big pundit. Full-stop red, green,      yellow, white on their forehead –long hairs –long mustache –big beard      –colored face painted with designs –tattoo on their face, arms, legs and      other parts of the body –they are really multifaceted monsters, because      of these fraud people true yogis or spiritual teachers suffer.

Always      believe in God alone.      There exists no such black magic or so-called Tantrik Vidya or so.      Believers of these kinds of thing always fall down and never upgrade their      lives. How can these fake people change one’s life or alter his past      actions and tell the future? God is      Omnipotent – Omniscient – Omnipresent and Greatest of all. He is just.      Even He cannot change or alter some one’s future, because He is the      greatest Judge. Are these false and fake tantriks greater than God      is? Or is God’s power lesser      than these so called these fake tantriks?

There      are many temples in our great country “India”      where these ghosts –devils –monsters –bad omens — rascals live in the      form of so called “Pujari”* who misguide these illiterate,      simpleteous and ignorant people, grab their bread and belongings. These      Pujaris of many temples in India and abroad (of      Kaal-Bhairava temples in Ujjan in the state of Madhya Pradesh) eat      flesh and take intoxicants like ganja, opium wine etc. and do indecent      acts with women from respected families in the name of God.      Devotees offer Desi (country) liquor and foreign make whisky to the statue      of Shankara (Kaal-Bhairav) in a      plate that is absorbed by the statue (or it is collected behind the idol      of Gods). Even beggars outside      of these temples demand for wine and flesh. In Mahaakaal      temple (Ujjan), women      devotees with the ashes of newly cremated person clean the Shiva-Linga      early in the morning. There is more then 400 Shiva-Temples in Ujjan. There are many temples there devotees cut mute animals in the      boundary of places of worship and the same first offered to the Gods      (the idols) and left-over flesh is distributed to devotees and their      friends as Prasadam. Righteous and true devotees are hence affected      and hated because of these unreal and fraud Pujaris. Beware of these      Monsters!

Many      temples distribute flesh and liquor on the auspicious occasion of “Holi”      (Change of season from winter to summer) to their Bhaktas (worshipers). Again on the auspicious occasion of “Shiv-Ratri”      (the auspicious night of Lord Shiva) they distribute “Thandai”i.e. milk shake mixed with almonds and “Bhaang”(intoxicants).      Are these human characters? Of course! These people are really      devils-monsters. They can be called with any name!

Trust      in God only. Believe in      yourself. Have faith in inner conscious. Be a noble man. Perform virtuous      deeds according to the law of nature. Self-confidence is the sharp weapon      for these kinds of rascals, monsters, devils, demons etc. etc.

Themselves      also call the five great elements “Bhootas”, as they are dead inert matters, which cannot do      anything.

Quest      # 97: Who is called “the Guru ” i.e. “the preceptor”      or the teacher? Is it necessary for one to have a Guru?

Answer:      Any      one who is attributed with good attributes can be called a teacher. One      who teaches is called a teacher, a master or a “Guru*”.

He      who gives the knowledge of the      Vedas and performs Vedic righteous rituals is called a teacher.

Manu      Smriti 2.149, saysHe who confer the benefit      of the Veda on any one, be it little or be it much, he (the disciple)      should know him to be here his Guru,      by reason of that benefit through the      Veda.”

A      Guru or teacher is a guide who      leads one from the darkness like ignorance to the light like knowledge and      also who leads one to the path of truth from untruth.

According      to the Indian culture there are four Gurus:      mother is the first Guru of a      man and then comes father, teacher and learned person as his      masters.

Guru      means (Gri = to speak) The teacher of all-true knowledge and learning who      revealed the word of salvation (i.e. the Veda) in the beginning of the      world, the teacher of even all the early teachers. He is immortal.      “He is the Guru of even      the most ancient teachers. He is immortal. Time cannot influence      Him.” (Yoga Darshana, Samaadhi      Pada # 26)

Mother      and father is the creature of this physical body but      the teacher provides intellect hence he is called “teacher.”

“As      his father and mother beget him mutually out of lust, one should know that      (birth to be merely) his cause of existence, when he is born from the      womb.(Manu 2.147)

“But      the birth which the teacher who has completed the Veda, duly brings about      for him by the “Gayatri”, that is the true (birth), free from      old age, eternal. (Manu      2.148)

“Everybody’s      father is called the “Guru” since he brings up the baby right      from the time from of injecting sperm in the ovum to supplying daily needs      after birth. The one who dispels the darkness born of ignorance from human      heart by giving the light of truth is also called a “Guru” or an      “Aacharya”. (Aryoddeshyaratnamaalaa)

It      is a saying —“there is no goal without a master.” It is true      without teacher no one gets the proper and true knowledge even when one      studies by him self. The teacher improves knowledge hence better to have a      Guru. The Guru      always wants to improve the career of his disciple.

True      knowledge is one that gives the true knowledge of God,      by which the soul visualise* God.      (*God’s      bliss is experienced with the true knowledge within the soul.)

God      bestows the Vedas, and thus God is the original source of all knowledge.      Manu says in Manu Smriti 2.7 that the Vedas contain all knowledge.

Quest      # 98: How should the relation between the preceptor and the disciple be?

Answer:      There      are three categories of teachers’: (1) Schoolteacher; (2) Principal and      (3) Spiritual teacher or Master.

1:School teacher: He is the creator of pupils’ character, gives      knowledge of new directions in new subjects, develops his intellect      so that he is able to think.

[“Aacharyah      Kasmat? Aacharya Aacharam Grahayati Aachinoti Arthan Aachinoti

Bhuddhimiti Vaa”(Nirukta 1-4-12)]

2:Principal: He gives the knowledge of the Vedas or some parts of the      Vedas to his pupil      (disciple) and takes fee from him in return for his personal expenditures.

“Eka      Desham Tu Vedasya Vedangaanyapi Vaa Punah,

Yo-Dhyaapayati Vrittyarthamupaadhyaayah Sah Uchyate” (Manu-Smriti      2.141)

“But      he is called sub-teacher (Upaadhyaaya)      who for (his) livelihood teaches a single portion of the Veda, or again the Vedangas.”)]

3:Spiritual teacher or master: He is the third category teacher who      goes to his disciple’s house and performs rituals according to the      teaching of the Vedas and also      looks after the Gurukulas i.e.      schools.

After a long period of time all types of teachers are called as      “Guru“. The word Gurudefined as: —

·He      who is attributed with good qualities is called a Guru.

·Learned      one worthy of worshipping is also called a Guru.

·He      who provides the knowledge of the      Vedas is called a Guru.

·He      who teaches any type of knowledge is called a Guru.

·Even      he who gives a little knowledge is called a Guru.      [Manusmriti 2.149]

·He      who dispels darkness-like ignorance is called a Guru.      [Girati Sinchati      Karnayorjyaanaamritam Iti Guruhu]

·He      who preaches the deep doctrine of the      Vedas is called a Guru. [Girati Ajyaanaandhakaarm Iti Guruhu]

·He      who explains the laws of sciences is called a Guru.      [Gaarayate Vijyaapayati      Shastrarahasyam Iti Guruhu]

      The meaning of above said in short is that the Guru      is one from whom any kind of (Para      or Apara) knowledge is acquired. And true master (sat-Guru) is one who teaches the knowledge of the Vedas. He is Sat-Guru      who leads his disciples towards truth and repels untruth from their lives.      He, who takes away ignorance, removes darkness and shows his disciples the      path of salvation and enlightens their lives with the light of knowledge,      is really a true teacher i.e. true spiritual master.

“Gururbrahama      Gururvishnurgururdevo Maheshwarah,

Guruhu      Saakshaat Param Brahma tasmai Shragurve Namah”

The      above said verses is very popular in which the Guru      is considered as Lord, because of his greatness towards humanity.

In      Indian culture, mother, father and teaches learned ones and spiritual      masters are called and treated as Gurus      according to their positions. There can be hundreds of Gurus      as there are many fields for knowledge to acquire. No Guru can have the full knowledge of all fields. God      is the greatest Guru of all      ancestors Gurus, because He only gives the knowledge of the      Vedas.

Quest      # 99: What is “Paraa” and “Aparaa Vidyaa”? How much      knowledge is there in the Vedas?

Answer:      Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati in      his well known book “Introduction      to the commentaries on the Rigveda and the other Vedas” writes,      ” In the Vedas knowledge      is of two kinds, one is ‘Aparaa’ -physical sciences, and the other ‘Paraa’      (spiritual knowledge).” The Aparaa Vidyaa or physical science is that      which studies physical material from a grass blade to the universe and      deals with the qualities of matter or nature, and to employ them to make      scientific inventions by their proper use. The second Paraa Vidyaa      (Spiritual knowledge) deals with the attainment of the      Eternal-indestructible Almighty God. This spiritual knowledge is superior to the physical knowledge,      because the final aim of physical knowledge is to gain efficiency in the      spiritual knowledge. The preview of the spiritual knowledge covers the      study of the Almighty God -the      creature of the universe. Material knowledge covers the study of the      universe, nature and cause of the creation and maintenance of the      universe.

“Andhantamah Pra Vinshanti Ye-Vidyaamupaaste,

Tato      Bhooya-Iva Te Tamo Ya-U Vidyaayaa Rataha” (Yajurveda 40/12)

Means there are two kinds of      knowledge: One study of the matter called Avidyaa or Aparaa and other      study of spiritual world called Vidyaa or Paraa. Both the knowledge are      essential for Liberation i.e. Salvation.

Nowadays      people are more attracted towards Avidyaa i.e. physical science, but true      knowledge of the Vedas leads      towards inner knowledge of the soul and Super soul.

“Avidyaayaa      Mrityum Teertvaa Vidyayaa-Mritamashnute” (Yajurveda 40/14)

“Vinaashena      Mritym Teertvaa Sambhoottya-Mritamashnute” (Yajurveda 40/11)

Means from Avidyaa one acquires material      knowledge and from Vidyaa i.e. the knowledge of the spiritual world, one      is emancipated from bondage of birth and death and gets salvation.

The Veda is the only book on earth that deals with ‘Paraa’      (esoteric or spiritual) as well as ‘Aparaa’      (exoteric or worldly) sciences.

Quest      # 100: Is it essential for one to have Guru?

Answer:Great Devarishi Narada      had said (in Narada      Parasharamadhaviya part 1 page # 154): It is useless to study by own      self, it is like a lady bearing a child without her husband. So it is      necessary for one to have true teacher under whose guidance he gets the      proper knowledge.

·“Sa      Gurooryah Kriyam Kritvaa Vedamasmai Prayachchhati” (Kathopanishada 2/8)

means      the teacher is essential to acquire proper knowledge.

It is said in mandukopanishada (1-1-12) that: —

“Taddhijyaanaarth      Sa Gurumevaabhigachchhet Samitpaanihi Shretriyam Brhamanishtham”Which means a student should acquire the knowledge from a teacher who has      educational knowledge of the Vedas.

“Aacharyo      Mriyuvarunah Soma Oshadhayo Payah,Jeemoota Aasantsatvaanah Tairidam Swaraabhritam” (Atharvaveda      11-5-14)

Means      that the Guru is rigid like      death (Mrityu) and pure like air (Varuna), who removes all kinds of      impurities; and who gives good attributes to his students. The Guru      is also like “Soma” i.e. medicine and drink, the deep meaning of      that is to have control on senses like speech, touch, Vision,      taste and smell, by which life is enriched with noble attributes hence and      the student always lives a happy, disciplined and peaceful life.

“Sa      Esha Poorveshaamapi Guruhu Kaalanaanavachchhedat” (Yoga Shastra, Samaadhi      Pada 26)      means “As in the present time we become enlightened only after being      taught by our teachers, so were in the beginning of the world, Agni and      the other three Rishis (sages), taught by the Greatest of all teachers—GOD.”

The      true master is one who improves inner-conscious of his disciples and leads      them from darkness of ignorance to the light of knowledge.      (Darkness is the symbol of ignorance and light is the symbol of knowledge      that is why God is said to be      illuminated i.e. Omniscient). Hence it is essential to have teacher i.e.      the Guru.

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