Category Archives: FAQs

Quest the Vedic Questions and Answers Part 5


THIS IS SERIES OF FAQs ON VEDAS.

READ , LEARN, FOLLOW AND PROPAGATE THE GOD BEST GIFT TO MANKIND -THE VEDAS

Contributor -Madan Rajeha ji

visit WWW.VEDICBOOKS.COM to purchase hard copy of this book

Chapter      No  5

 

Quest      # 76: Can a soul acquire the complete knowledge of God?

Quest      # 77: When, how and who has written the Vedas? Is there full and complete      knowledge in the Vedas?

Quest      # 78: Do you believe the Ramayana – Maha-Bharata to be authoritative?

Quest      # 79: Are Ramayana, Geeta, Mahabharata, Puraanas, Bible, Quran etc. not      authoritative books or God’s word?

Doubts      # 80: Are the literatures written by Rishis acceptable as proofs i.e.      authoritative?

Quest      # 81: Why to believe the Vedas to be authoritative and of Divine origin      and true?

Quest      # 82: The Vedas are the creation of God. Any proof?

Quest      # 83: How many Vedas are there three or four?

Quest      # 84: Why there are only four Vedas?

Quest      # 85: If infinite God’s full knowledge is in the Vedas, then knowledge of      God will become finite?

Quest      # 86: How many mantras are there in “the four Vedas? What are called      “A’rsha Granthas” or Religious books?

Quest      # 87: What does “Shakha” (division of the Vedas) mean and how      many Shakhas are there in the Vedas?

Quest      # 88: Is there any quotation in the Vedas about “Nakshatras”      (Galaxies), and how many Nakshatras are there in the Universe?

Quest      # 89: Are there comments in the Vedas about “Rashis”(Horoscopes)?

Quest      # 90: Are there any comments in the Vedas about “Yajna” (Sacred      fire)?

Quest      # 91: The Vedas are written in Sanskrit Language, which is difficult to      understand. Then how can one follow the Vedas?

Quest      # 92: Sanskrit is a hard language to understand?

Quest      # 93: What is it called “Dharma”? What is its definition? What is      the religion of human being?

Quest      # 94: What is “Yajna”?Why      should we perform “Yajna”?

Quest      # 95: Can the eater of flesh become Mahatma i.e. Super-soul?

Quest      # 96: Do ghosts, witchcraft, bad omens, ghosts, demons, devils, monsters,      rascals, wandering-spirits, etc. exist? If yes! How can one get rid of      them?

Quest      # 97: Who is called “the Guru ” i.e. “the preceptor”      or the teacher? Is it necessary for one to have a Guru?

Quest      # 98: How should the relation between the preceptor and the disciple be?

Quest      # 99: What is “Paraa” and “Aparaa Vidyaa”? How much      knowledge is there in the Vedas?

Quest      # 100: Is it essential for one to have Guru?

Quest      # 76: Can a soul acquire the complete knowledge of God?

Answer:      No,      never! The soul is an infinitesimal conscious entity and has limited      capacity to acquire knowledge, because at one time its contact remains in      one place, hence it gets the knowledge of that limited place and not the      knowledge of the whole.

GOD      is infinite by nature. His essence, powers, attributes are all infinite.      He can, therefore, never be subject to ignorance, pain, bondage, etc. The      soul, even when emancipated, remains finite in knowledge, though pure in      nature. Its attributes, powers and activity all remain finite. Hence it      can never acquire full knowledge of God.

GOD      is All-pervading and all reside in Him. God      and the human soul stand in relation of the Pervader to the pervaded i.e.      one who pervades. There is no other single word in English to express the      idea. He exists in everything inside and outside.

GOD      is infinite and will remain infinite, whereas the soul is finite in      knowledge and power and will remain finite by their nature respectively.      How can the infinite knowledge of God      fit into the finite knowledge of the soul! ?

Whatever      knowledge is required in acquiring emancipation, that capacity exists in      the soul. God is Omniscient,      Omnipresent, and Omnipotent by nature whereas the soul’s attributes are      limited, finite and infinitesimal in dimension.

GOD      is complete, always remains complete. To acquire complete knowledge of God      is a far-fetched thing, if the soul can acquire the knowledge required for      its emancipation, it will be a kind of good luck for the soul.

Quest      # 77: When, how and who has written the Vedas? Is there full and complete      knowledge in the Vedas?

Answer:      The Vedas      are the true knowledge of God.      In the beginning after human beings had been created, the Supreme Spirit      made the Vedas known to Brahma      through Agni, etc., i.e., Brahma learnt the four Vedas      from Agni, Vayu, Aaditya and Angira(Manu Smriti 1-23). God      revealed his true knowledge to them because among all men those four were      purest at heart. God revealed      the same knowledge in the beginning of the Universe as He did it in the      previous creations, because the      Vedas are the eternal word of God.      The Vedas contain complete      knowledge required by man for attaining emancipation.

The      four Vedas are –The Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvaveda. They      contain subjects like Science, Action, Communion and Knowledge,      respectively. God used Agni, Vayu,      Aaditya and Angira (who were Jivas in human bodies) as His instruments      only for revealing the Vedas. The      Vedas are not the product of their minds. God      is “Sarvajya” (Omniscient)      i.e. all knowledgeable, the relation between the Vedic words and their      meanings also were established by Him.

God’s      knowledge      is eternal and infallible therefore, the relation between the letters,      words and meaning in the Vedas      subsist for all times. They are the same in the present Kalpa (the time of the Universe) as they were in the past and shall      remain the same in the future also. Hence it is said in the Rigveda 8-4-48 that the Great Creator God has made the sun and      the moon just as He had made      them before! “The plan of the creation of the sun and the moon in the      present Kalpa is the same as      that which existed in God’s      knowledge in the previous Kalpa,      because His knowledge is not liable to increase or decrease or vary.” [*Yathaa      Purvamakalpayat” (Rigveda 8-4-48)]

There      are 20,416 mantras in      the four Vedas. All these mantras are eternal because they are a part of God’s      knowledge. And there cannot be increment or decrement in the number of      mantras. There cannot be any change, alteration or addition because the      Vedas are called “Shruti”      i.e. by listening from the beginning of the creation, by student-master      relation, it has come in the shape of book in the present. Even today      there are many pundits (spiritual teachers) in south India who remember by      heart and recite all mantras from the      Vedas.

The      knowledge derived from the Vedas      and explained in simple language is called Granthas or Aarsha Granthas      (virtuous books). The language of the      Vedas is called Dev-Vani      or Prakritik-Vani (language), which is commonly, knows as Sanskrit“,      which belongs to no country and is the mother      of all languages.

Sage      Patanjali, the author of the Mahabhashya,      says–“the words are eternal whether they are Vedic (peculiar to The      Vedas) or Loukika (used by the generality of mankind), because they are      composed of letters which are imperishable and immovable and are not      subject to elision, augmentation and substitution. Words are eternal      because in them there is no elision (Apaya),      disappearance, nor augmentation (Upajna),      nor substitution (Vikara).

The      whole world knows and believes that the Vedas are the oldest books on earth“. The Vedas      contain in them all the true sciences, as they are not the scripture of      mere ritual and sacraments, They are the repositories of all true      knowledge including science and procedure of rituals and ceremonies. It is      only he who can search the treasure of knowledge lying concealed in the Vedas.

Quest      # 78: Do you believe the Ramayana – Maha-Bharata to be authoritative?

Answer:      There      will be no clarification in our believing or not of this Quest. But what      is true always remains true. What is true in these historical books must      be believed and what is false and unbelievable i.e. against the laws of      the nature or science or against the Vedic theory, should not be believed,      whatever it may be.

Shri      Ram Chandra      was the son of Dashratha, the great king of Bharata. He was an obedient      son and went on exile to the jungles for fourteen years, obeying his      father’s order. He was a believer and knower of the      Vedas and performed Vedic rituals like Sandhya and Yajna daily. He      performed his duty towards his father, mother, brothers, wife, and towards      the people of his country. He was loyal to his duties and that is why he      is known as “Maryaada      Purushottam”. After fourteen years of exile, when he returned to Ayodhya,      the capital city of Bharata at that time, he became the king.

His      kingdom i.e. Ram Raajya was the      best period of our country. King Ram Chandra was so virtuous and holy that      peoples started worshiping him as God.

“The      life-sketch of Krishna given in      the Mahabharata      is very good. His nature, attributes, character, and life history are all      like that of an Aapta.      Nothing is written therein that would go to show that he committed any      sinful act during his whole life, but the author of the Bhagvata      has attributed to him as many vices and sinful practices as he could.      He has charged him falsely with the theft of milk, curd, and butter, etc.,      adultery with the female servant called Kubja,      flirtation with other people’s wives in the Raas mandal* and many      other vice like these. After reading this account of Krishna’s life, the      followers of other religions speak ill of him. Had there been no Bhagvata,      great men like Krishna would not have been wrongly lowered in the      estimation of the world.” (Satyarth      Prakash XI)

One      should make his life style according to these Holy personalities like Rama      and Krishna, and follow their teaching and acquire their attributes while      looking at their photos. Shri Rama and Shri Krishna were both knower and      believer of the Holy Vedas, hence one should follow the foot-steps of our      ancestors like Maryaada Purushottam Rama and Yogeshwara Krishna and have      faith and belief in the      Holy Vedas.

One      should study history, like the Ramayana and Mahabharata and the history of      the world, and accept the truth, and whatever is wrong unacceptable or      against the teaching of the Vedas      should be rejected.

The Vedas are the books of Divine revelation and His knowledge and      is correct and complete, hence one should study the Vedas and improve his true knowledge and get freed from all the      suffering of the world.

Quest      # 79: Are Ramayana, Geeta, Mahabharata, Puraanas, Bible, Quran etc. not      authoritative books or God’s word?

Answer:      God’s word is only the Vedas, and books which contain the truth according      to the teachings of the Vedas, must be accepted. The Vedas are said to be      authoritative because they contain an exposition of “Dharma”.

The      meaning of the aphorism is that all men should acknowledge the eternal      authority of the four Vedas,      because they enjoy the performance of Dharma as a duty and are the word of      God. (Vaisheshika 1-1-3)

Ramayana,      Geeta, Mahabharata,      etc. are books written by human beings and are called as history.      Possibilities are that there may be mistakes and errors in these books and      moreover there are many names of people, places of Indian origin and      incidents like wars registered which show that these books are not      revealed by the Supreme Being.      They are written by men and are the history of our great nation Bharata (Now India).      Sage Valmiki wrote the      great historical book “Ramayana”and in the same way Great Sage Vyasa      wrote Mahabharata      and Geeta is a small      portion of Mahabharata.The Geeta is said to be      the voice of Yogeshwara Shri      Krishna.

Shri      Ram and Krishna      both were great kings and their lifestyle and details of their kingdom was      written in these books. How can one believe these books as holy and books      of eternal truth revealed by God      and are true! The Vedas are for      mankind and for their upliftment and betterment.

The      Rigveda, the Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda are the subjects      of knowledge, action, Communion and science respectively and all the true      knowledge is distributed in these, according to the capability and      capacity of the soul to acquire the knowledge. The Vedas do contain the      root principles of all the science. Of these! The first in importance is      Theosophy i.e. the knowledge of God. The Vedas also contain the root      principles of Science, Mathematics, Astronomy, Gandharva Veda (music),      Aayur Veda (medicine), astrology, and etc. etc. hence only the Veda is      God’s word.

God’s      knowledge is always revealed in the beginning of the creation and not      millions of year later. Suppose for the time being, if we believe that all      books of different religions to be true and God’s word, then God is      proved to be unjust and unlawful. Because many centuries after the      creation of men, who had committed sinful actions unto now are not guilty      of their sins as they were not given His true knowledge in time, and it is      too late for them to receive the fruits of their sins. This shows that God had not given His knowledge to those men who were born and died      before these so called holy books. But we believe God to be Just and Omniscient and knower of the three period of      time. Hence God flows His      eternal knowledge with the creation for the betterment of all men. So the      Vedas are the only theosophy to be believed and known.

To      believe on the words of an Aapta i.e. spiritual teacher is justified if      they are in accordance to the Vedic      teachings and if they (teachings) are against the teachings of the      Vedas it is certainly not to be believed. Indeed! Geeta,      Ramayana, Mahabharata,Quran, Bible etc.,      whatever true teachings or incidents are written in these so called holy      books should be accepted, there is no harm in accepting them and treating      them as history and not as God’s      words.

“The      collection of the four books, viz., Rika, Yajur, Sama and Atharva, which      have been uttered by God contain true knowledge are the Vedas. People      learn what is pure and what is not true from these Vedas.”

Doubts      # 80: Are the literatures written by Rishis acceptable as proofs i.e.      authoritative?

Answer:      Whichever books, written by the sages or great spiritual masters or Aaptas*,      If they follow the teachings of the Vedic theories, are believable and      authoritative scriptures, But, All      men should, therefore, believe      the Vedas to be self-authoritative and repositories of all sciences and      eternal. They are self-authoritative and repositories of all      sciences because they are the word of God,      and possess the quality of being eternal. They are eternal because they      remain unchanged through all ages. No other proof is admissible to prove      the authoritativeness of the Vedas.      Other proofs serve only as auxiliary or corroborative evidence. The      Vedas, like the sun, carry their own authority with them. As the sun      illumines all objects, both great and small, so do the Vedas shining with their own light shed their light on all      sciences.

[*Aapta      i.e. pious, truthful, unprejudiced, honest, and learned men.]

Maharishi      Swami Dayanand Saraswati says in “Light Of Truth” chapter III      {We have recommended only the books of Rishis for students to study,      because they were men of great knowledge, masters of all the sciences, and      also imbued with piety. But the books of mean scholars have being      condemned, because they had only a smattering of knowledge, and were not      free from prejudice either. How can their writing, then, be free from the      fault of their authors?

“Out      of all the above-mentioned books (we have recommended the students to      study), —The Vedas, Angas      (Limbs)*, Upangas (sub-limbs)**, Brahmans*** and Upavedas (sub-Vedas)      —The Vedas alone are held to be Divine in origin, the rest were made      by Rishis–seers of the Vedas      and nature. Should anything be found even in their writings contrary to      the teaching of the Vedas, it      is to be rejected, for the Vedas      alone, being Divine in origin, are free from error and axiomatic (Swatah Pramana). In other words the Vedas are their own authority; whilst other books such as the      Brahmans are Par-Pramana i.e., dependent upon the Vedas for their authority. They stand or fall according to their      conformity or conflict with the      Vedas.”}

[* Angas are six in number: –Phonetics      science of morals and duties, Grammar, Philology, Music and Astronomy.]

[**      Upangas are six in number: –Purva Mimansa, Vaisheshika, Niyama, Yoga,      Sankhya and Vedanta.]

[***      Brahmans are four in number: — Aitreya, Shatapatha, Sama and Gopatha.]

Whatever      is enjoined by the Vedas, are      right, while whatever is condemned by them we believe to be wrong. Among      the Shruties, manu      Smriti alone is authoritative, the interporated verses being excepted.

It      is best, therefore, to reject all these so called authoritative and      recognize The Vedas alone as      the proper authority in all matters and act accordingly.

Quest      # 81: Why to believe the Vedas to be authoritative and of Divine origin      and true?

Answer:      “The      book in which God is described      as He is viz., Holy, Omniscient, Pure in nature, character and attributes,      Just, Merciful, etc., and in which nothing is said that is opposed to the      laws of nature, reason, the evidence of direct cognisance, etc., the      teaching of the highly learned altruistic teachers of humanity (A’ptas),      and the intuition of pure souls,      and in which the laws, nature, and properties of matter and the soul are      propounded as they are to be inferred from the order of nature as fixed by      God, is the book of Divine revelation. Now The Vedas alone fulfil all the above conditions, hence they are the      revealed books.” [Light Of      Truth—-VII]

Man      is finite in knowledge of his surroundings where he stays and does      mistakes hence cannot be perfect, because he is infinitesimal unity,      whilst God is infinite,      All-pervading, Omniscient, so His knowledge —The      Vedas are the only ATHOROTATIVE      AND TRUSTED      by all. The Vedas being Divine in origin, are free from error and axiomatic      (Swatah-Pramana), in other words the      Vedas are their own authority, whilst other books, dependent upon the      Vedas for their authority.

As      the parents are kind to their children and wish for their welfare, so has      the Supreme Spirit, out of kindness to all men, revealed. The      Vedas by whose study men are freed from ignorance and error, and may      attain the light of true knowledge and thereby enjoy extreme happiness as      well as advance knowledge and promote their welfare[S.P.      VII]

Since      time immemorial, till the Great War of Mahabharata the scholars treated The Vedas as the repository of all true knowledge and interpreted      them accordingly. If The Vedas      had not possessed science the various scientific developments would not      have taken place.

Great      sage Vyasa, the author of the      Vedanta Darshana unequivocally accepted this idea. Shri      Shankaracharya comments in his Sutra “Shastrayonitvat      (1-1-3)”The Vedas      are the scriptures of all true-knowledge. He attributes them with the      adjectives “Saravidyo-pvrinhita”      and “Sarvajnakalpa”

The      great sage of modern era “Maharishi      Dayanand Saraswati” confidently declared in his book “Rigvedaadi-Bhaashyabhumika” ‘in which he collected some      very conspicuous facts of science“The      Vedas are the scripture of all true knowledge, is such a gift to mankind      on his part that he deserves the gratitude of posterity.”

Quest      # 82: The Vedas are the creation of God. Any proof?

Answer:      There      are many proofs in the Vedas      that show that the Vedas are      the books of Divine revelation.

The      Yajurveda (31-3) explains that Agni = Rigveda (glorification), Vayu =      Yajurveda (communion), Aaditya = Samaveda (emancipation) and Angira =      Atharvaveda = sacred word i.e. God’s word.

·“Tasmaad      Yajyaat Sarvahuta RrichahSaamaani jagyire” (Rigveda 10-90-9) i.e. “God      has created the Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva Vedas”.

·“Brahma      Padavaayam BraahmanemaAdheepatihi” (Atharvaveda 12-5-4) Which mean,      “God is knower and revealer of the Vedas”.

The Yajur Veda (31-7)says: “The Rigveda, the      Yajurveda, the Samaveda and the Atharvaveda were produced by the      Supreme and perfect Being, Parabrahman, who possesses the attributes of      self-existence, consciousness and bliss, who is Omnipotent and universally      adored. The meaning is that the four Vedas were revealed by God      alone.”

·The Atharvaveda (10-23-4-10)      says— “Who is that Great Being who revealed the Rig Veda, the Yajur      Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharva Veda? He is the Supreme Spirit who      created the universe and sustains it.”

·The      Yajur Veda (XL-8) says—“The Great Ruler of the universe, who is self-existent,      All-pervading, Holy, Eternal and Formless, has been eternally instructing      His subjects –the immortal souls–in all kinds of knowledge for their good through the      Veda.”

[For further information inquisitive readers      should refer and study –Atharvaveda 12 Th. Khanda, 5 Th. Sukta and mantra      # 1 to 73]

(Atharvaveda      19-5-13, 12-5-4, 10-7-14) (Yajurveda 2/21, 23/61, 23/62, 31/7), the      all-sustaining God is the author of the Vedas.

Quest      # 83: How many Vedas are there three or four?

Answer:      There      are four Vedas, which contain      the knowledge of three subjects, i.e. Knowledge, action and communion.      [Glorification–communion–emancipation]

The books called the      Rigveda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharva Veda—mantras      Samhitas only and no other.

One      who believes that there are three      Vedas is completely wrong and should rectify him self. The Vedas are four in number.

Quest #      84: Why there are only four Vedas?

Answer:      God      has given us a beautiful body hence it is our duty to protect it. What is      the use of this precious body if there is no knowledge. Human race is the      best because only in this race one gets a proper knowledge of the soul, Prakriti and God, and      this he acquires only from the      Vedas.

Knowledge,      deeds, communion and emancipation (science) are the four subjects of the      Vedas and are complete when combined, otherwise there is no use of      studying only one subject or the other.

God      has revealed His true knowledge to men only because man has intellect to      grasp the proper knowledge from the      Rig-Veda and after getting that proper knowledge he should act      accordingly, which is taught in the      Yajur-Veda. There is a possibility that man may become egoistic after      getting knowledge and performing good deeds, so God      has given him the Sama- Veda      for balancing him i.e. communion with God.      When man has developed himself with knowledge, virtuous deeds and      communion with the Supreme Being, he becomes happy in his life, but still      wanders in search for something more. Lastly God      provides the Atharva-Veda in      which man gets the knowledge of true science i.e. the science of the soul      and the Supreme Soul (God). The      bliss of God is possible through the Atharva Veda. Hence all      the four Vedas are essential to acquire the correct and complete      knowledge of the matter (Prakriti), the soul and God with      which he is free from all sorrows and pains, when he renounces the worldly      attraction and temptation, and gets the Bliss      of God.

When      a man acquires the knowledge of the four Vedas      (Knowledge–deeds–communion–science), he is qualified enough to proceed      to his life’s goal i.e. to get the bliss of God.

The      four Vedas      are the four pillars of success in a man’s life, hence the      four Vedas are essential. “WHAT      IS MAN’S CAPACITY AND CAPABILITY TO ACQUIRE THE TRUE KNOWLEDGE FOR HIS      EMANCIPATION, GOD HAS REVEALED THE TRUE KNOWLEDGE COMPLETE AND CORRECT IN      THE VEDAS NO LESS, NO MORE.”

There      are mantra revelated by knowledge in the Rigveda. The Yajur Veda mantras      are revelated by actions i.e. what is right and what is wrong, and what to      do and what is prohibited by virtue. In the Sama Veda most mantras are      about communion with God.      Lastly in the Atharva Veda there are root mantras of science on different      subjects along with mantras related to medical science.

THE      GREAT SAGE MAHARISHI SWAMI DAYANAND SARASVATI HAS SAID IN THE TEN      COMMANDMENTS OF ARYA SAMAJ ” THE VEDAS ARE THE SCRIPTURES OF TRUE      KNOWLEDGE AND IT IS THE PREMIER DUTY OF ALL ARYANS TO RECITE AND TEACH THE      VEDAS.

God      is Omniscient and only He is the true friend of the soul, because the soul      has limited power and knowledge. God      is the greatest teacher and guide who revealed His knowledge in the beginning      of the world after human life had been created, for the betterment of      mankind.

“As parents are kind to their children and wish for their      welfare, so does the Supreme Spirit, out of kindness to all mankind      revealed the Vedas by whose study men are freed from ignorance and error, and      may attain the light of true knowledge and thereby enjoy extreme happiness      as well as advance knowledge and promote their welfare” [S.P.      VII]

“The      Vedas are the true knowledge of God. In the beginning after human being      had been created, the Supreme Spirit made the Vedas known to Brahma      through Agni, etc., i.e., Brahma learnt the four Vedas from Agni, Vayu,      Aaditya and Angira(Manu Smriti 1-23).”

Quest      # 85: If infinite God’s full knowledge is in the Vedas, then knowledge of      God will become finite?

Answer:      Whatever      knowledge, the soul required for its salvation, God has revealed the same in the      Vedas. To get more knowledge than required is of no use. God      is Omniscient. He knows better about the soul’s capacity for acquiring      knowledge.

GOD      is infinite by nature, His essence, powers, attributes are all infinite,      so is His knowledge. The soul is an infinitesimal unity hence, remains,      finite in knowledge, though pure in nature. He acquires the knowledge      according to its capacity. God      has given him correct and complete knowledge; no less no more.

Quest      # 86: How many mantras are there in “the four Vedas? What are called      “A’rsha Granthas” or Religious books?

Answer:There exists the four Vedas, i.e.      the Rigveda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharva Veda.

(1)      In      the Rig-Veda there are 10 Mandalas (Volumes), 85      Anuvakas (Sections), 1028      Suktas and 10589 Mantras (verses)

(2)      In      the Yajur Veda there are 40      Adhyaaya (Chapters) in which contains 1975      Mantras.

(3)      In      the Sama Veda there are 1875 Mantras. And

(4)      In      the Atharva Veda three are 10      Mandalas (Volumes), 20 Khandas      (Sections) and 5977 Mantras.

The      total mantras in the four Vedas      are 10589 + 1975 + 1875 + 5977 =      20,416 i.e. Twenty thousand four hundred and sixteen mantras.

Readers      will be surprised to know that the total letters of the four Vedas is      864000, which is God’s creation      and are eternal. The Vedas are      the religious books for all mankind.

There      are four UpVedas+ or Sub-Veda (Here the word ‘Veda’ stands for education), under which comes six Vedangas (Limbs)*,      six Upangas (sub-limbs)**,      i.e. six school of thought propounded by seers and sages, four      Brahmans*** and —the Vedas      alone are held to be Divine in origin, the rest were made by R’shis–seers      of the Veda and nature. There are      ten Upanishads.

[They      are four in number: –(i) the      Ayurveda or the medical scriptures; (ii)      the Arthaveda or the technological sciences; (iii) the Dhanurveda or the science of archery; devastating weapon      and missiles and diplomacy; and (iv)      the Gandharvaveda or the science of music.]

{*      They are six in number: –(I) Shiksha      [Phonetics science of morals and duties]; (ii)      Kalpa [geometry]; (iii) Vyakarana      [Grammar]; (iv) Chhanda      [metrics i.e. Philology]; (v)      Nirukta [etymology] and (vi)      Jyotisha [astronomy and astrology].}

{**      They are six in number: —Purva Mimansa,      Vaisheshika, Nyaaya, Yoga, Sankhya and

Vedanta      these      are also commonly called the six schools of Indian philosophy. They have      profound respect for the four Vedas.      These philosophical system show that human mind soared to highest peak of      the imagination. Usually most      people believe Vedanta means ending portion of the Veda, which is      wrong. The real meaning of “Vedanta” is so called “the      theory of the Vedas.” Here ‘Anta’ stands for the theory and not      for the end.}

[***      They are four in number: — Aitreya, Shatapatha, Sama and Gopatha.]

[++      There are also ten Upanishads e.g. I’sh,      Kena, Katha, Prashna, Munduka, Muanduka, Aitreya, Taitreya, Chhandogya and      Vrihadaranyka. Upanishads, which deal with the spiritual science as      well as physical science in some cases, are the offshoots of the careful      examination of the Vedic verses.]

Whatever      is enjoined by the Vedas, are      right, whilst whatever is condemned by them we believe to be wrong. Among      the Shruties, manu      Smriti alone is authoritative, the interporated verses being excepted.

Quest      # 87: What does “Shakha” (division of the Vedas) mean and how      many Shakhas are there in the Vedas?

Answer:      Accordingto the great sage Gemini, writer of Meemansa Shastra (1-130), the      teaching pattern it is called “Shakha.      Branch, part or division etc. are not the correct meaning of Shakha but      these Shakhas are the pattern of teaching –the way of teaching, –the      style of teaching of the Vedas.

It      is written in the Mahabhashya-Karika      (Ashtadhyayi 4-1-63) that Charan      is meant for Gotra, here Charan means –the style of teaching. In short the branches of The      Vedas means the style / pattern of teaching and they are not division      or tree-like branches.

According      to the Mahabhashya, it is written that there are 1131      branches of the Vedas. In the Sarvanukrammi      its number is 1130, in the Chakraviyuh      its number is only 116. Swami      Dayanand Saraswati has quoted the number of the branches of The Vedas as 1127, in      his immortal book “Light      of Truth”.

First      it was the great sage named “Shakal”      who had taught the style of teaching of The      Vedas. Shakal is      very ancient. By way of Mandalas–Anuvakas–Suktas,      Shakal has popularized      his brand what is known as that “the teaching of Shakal“. It is said that all other patterns of teaching      (Shakhas) are come in existence after Shakal. Where there are Mandalas,      Anuvakas, Sukta, they are known as Shakal’s      literature.

Quest      # 88: Is there any quotation in the Vedas about “Nakshatras”      (Galaxies), and how many Nakshatras are there in the Universe?

Answer:      Yes!      There are quotations of the Nakshatras i.e. Galaxies in the Vedas.

Refer      the Atharva Veda 19-7- mantras # 2, 3,4, 5. Also see in the Atharva Veda      19-8- Mantras # 1 and 2.

{Krittika      – Rohini – Mrigashira – Aarda – Punarvasu – Pushya – Aashlesha (Ashlesha)      – Magha – Purva-phalguni – Uttra-phalguni – Hasta – Chitra – Swati -Vishakha      – Anuradha – Jyeshtha – Mula – Purvaashadha – Uttaraashadha – Abhijeet –      Shravana Shravishtha – Shatabhishaj – Purva-Bhadrapada – Uttara-Bhadrapada      – Revati – Purva-Ashvani – Uttaraa-Ashvani – Bharni.}There are twenty-eight Nakshatras      described in the Atharva Veda.

·“Nakshatrebhihi      Pitaro Dyaamapishan”(Rigveda 10-68-11) which      mean the Divine power has beautified the sky with the Nakshatras.

·“Hariranyaasyam      Bhavati Swadhaavaan Shukro Anyasyaam” (Rigveda 1-95-1)      means “Sun gives light in the daytime and Nakshatras illuminate at      night”.

According to the Surya Siddhanta (the theory of the sun) there are 28      galaxies from Ashvani to Revati.

Quest      # 89: Are there comments in the Vedas about “Rashis”(Horoscopes)?

Answer:      Of course! There      are many descriptions about the Rashis in the      Vedas. Astronomy is that division of science which with the heavenly      bodies. In India this branch of science was highly developed. Here we want      to enlighten the readers on necessary and important astronomical facts      about Rashies i.e. Horoscope. Study of the      Vedas reveals this fact: —

Dwaadash      Pradhayashchakramekam Treeni naabhyaani Ka U Tachchiketa,

Tasmintsaakam      Trishataa na shadkavorpitahaa Pashtirna Chalaachalaasah”

(Rigveda 1-164-48)

Which      mean that there are 360 parts      in 12 divisions of the wheel of      a Savatsaras (solar year), in      which there are three Nabhis      i.e. cold, heat and rain. Mantra says that 360 portions of this wheel are      immovable.

“Tastraahataastreeni      Shatani Shnkavah Shashtishcha Kheelaa Avichaachalaa ye”

(Atharva      Veda 10-8-4), which also says that this wheel of time has its      existence, which is wheel of Horoscopes.

{Refer      Atharvaveda 10-8-4, Rigveda 1-16411 and 1-164-46 for the detailed verses      quoted for twelve divisions or signs and twelve months of year.] The      twelve signs are at present named, are as follows —

Aries      i.e.      Mesha (Mrach 20 to April 18), Taurus      i.e. Vrisha (April 19 to May 19), Gemini      i.e. Mithuna (May 20 to      June 20), Cancer i.e. Karka (June 21 to July 21), Leo      i.e. Sinha (July 22 to      August 21), Virgo i.e. Kanya (August 22 to September 20), Libra i.e. Tula      (September 21 to October 22), Scorpio      i.e. Vrischika (October 23 to      November 21), Sagittarius i.e.      Dhanuh (November 22 to December 22), Capricorn      i.e. Makra (December 23 to January 19), Aquarius i.e. Kumbha      (January 20 to February 18) and      Pisces i.e. Mina (February      19 to March 19).]

Quest      # 90: Are there any comments in the Vedas about “Yajna” (Sacred      fire)?

Answer:      Yes! There      are hundreds of mantras in The      Vedas who describe about performing of Yajna, which is the best deed      for man on earth. The Yajur Veda is full of mantras about Yajna i.e. what,      when, why and how to perform Yajna. The      Yajur Veda is the Veda of Karma-kaanda i.e. what are essential duties      of a noble man and what actions are to be avoided by man, all these things      are described in the Yajur Veda.

“Yajna:      Beginning from Agnihotra (the fire-ritual) unto Ashvamedha (the      house-ritual), or the material transaction and physical science which are      used for the welfare for the universe are called Yajna.”

The      Yajna or Yagya are as old (ancient) as the      Vedas. The Rigveda is the first Veda, in which the very first mantra says:      —

“Agni      Meede Purohitam Yajyasya Devamritvijam,Hotaaram Ratna Dhaatamam.” (Rigveda      1-1-1-1)

In      this very first mantra of the Veda it is clearly described the words “Yajna”,      “Prohit”, “Ritvij” and “Hotaa”, hence it      clear that Yajna is to be performed in the guidance of purohits – Ritvij –      Hotaa, hence Yajna are as ancient as the      Veda itself.

·“Aram      Krinvantu vedim Samagnimindhataam Purah” (Rigveda 1-170-4)

Means it is a commandment of the      Supreme Soul that “Decorate the Yajna-Vedi i.e. yourPlaces where Yajna is performed,      and do lit the sacred fire in it and raise it.

·“Aa Vakshi Devaam Iha      Vipra Yakshi Cha” (Rigveda 2-36-4)

Means “O learned man! Invite the gods      and perform Yajna i.e. sacred fire.

·“Juhota Pra Cha      Tishthata” (Rigveda 1-15-9)

Means it is a God’s order to perform Yajna and develop.

·“Pra Yajyamanmaa      Vrijanam Tiraate” (Rigveda 7-61-4)

·Means performing sacred      Yajna solves all problems of life.

·”One’s      intellect is purified with the      Yajna” (Rigveda 3-32-12)

      There are many mantras in the four Vedas related to Yajnas,      which inspire to perform holy and sacred Yajnas, in return of which all      actions are done properly and purely.

“Rricham      Tvah Poshamaaste Pupushvaan Gaayatram Tvo Gaayati Shakvareeshu,

Brahmaa      Tvo Vadati Jaatavidyam Yajyasa Maatram Vi Mimeeta U Twaaha” (Rigveda 10-71-11)

In      this mantra, there are four names of the persons who look after the      essential duties of performing the ritual related to Yajna i.e. Hotaa,      Udgaataa, Brahama, and Adharvyu, whose duties are –to correct the      pronunciations of the holy mantras, –to sing mantras accordingly, to      watch and advice for corrected proceedings of the Yajna and to construct      the appropriate position of the Vedi where Yajna is to be performed,      respectively. Yajna is scientific and essential duty of man to perform.

Quest      # 91: The Vedas are written in Sanskrit Language, which is difficult to      understand. Then how can one follow the Vedas?

Answer:      The Sanskrit      language is not so hard as you understand. The language of the Vedas is not Sanskrit, but it is called “Deva Vani” i.e. “the Divine language”,      which is God’s language. It is      true that by learning Sanskrit language, one can easily follow the      teachings of the Vedas.

For      understanding the correct meaning of the Vedic mantras, one has to work      hard and practice, because without interest and hard work nothing is      achieved in life. To acquire God’s      knowledge, one should learn Sanskrit from a learned teacher and study The      Vedas from a spiritual master. The Sanskrit language is hard, but not      impossible to learn. Only by studying The      Vedas, one gets true knowledge.

“A      will will find a way.”

Quest      # 92: Sanskrit is a hard language to understand?

Answer:      It is natural that mother tongue seems to be easy compare to any other      language. It      is easy and takes less time to study Sanskrit other than to learn English,      French, German, Russian, Urdu, Hindi or Punjabi etc.

If      one try to learn, he must have true interest, then only he can learn and      even understand some of mantras of the      Vedas within one month. What is not possible with hard work; even hard      work becomes easy, but without action there will be no reaction. Sooner or      later one has to get the fruits of his action.

Quest      # 93: What is it called “Dharma”? What is its definition? What is      the religion of human being?

Answer:      The      natural instinctive attributes of anything is called “Dharma” or      “Duty” e.g. Dharma of fire is light and heat, hence if there is      light, heat and illumination in fire, it is called fire, otherwise without      these attributes fire cannot be defined as fire.

The      term “Dharma” is one of the most intractable terms in Hindu      philosophy. Derived from the root Dhar (Dhrita-dharne) which means to      uphold, sustain, support, the term Dharma      denotes “that which holds together the different aspects and      qualities of an object into a whole”. Ordinarily, the term Dharma has been translated as religious code, as righteousness, as a      system of morality, as duty, as charity, etc. But the original Sanskrit      term has a special connotation of its own which is not captured by any one      of these renderings. The best rendering of this term Dharma is, “the law of being meaning “that which makes a      thing or being what it is” For example, it is the Dharma of the fire to burn, of the sun to shine, etc.

Dharma      means, therefore, not merely righteousness or goodness but it indicates      the essential nature of anything, without which it cannot retains      independent existence.

Everything has its own nature,      actions and attributes i.e. Dharma.      If we are to live as truly dynamic men in the world, we can only do so by      being faithful to our true nature. The system of the whole Universe is      sustained by the virtue of natural laws, hence it is preserved in the      space. In the universe everything is in order because of law of truth,      that is Dharma.

In      Manusmriti the word      “Dharma” is defined as — Dharma is that when the existence      stay while acquiring that thing”; human Dharma is humanity, but what is      humanity? What are the natural and fundamental attributes of man, one      should know all these things.

Vaisheshika      Shastra (1-2) says “Yatomyudayanihishyeyasasiddhi Sa Dharmah” i.e.      the Dharma is that by which one      gets everything for his life’s requirements (Bhoga) and communion with God      i.e. Liberation or Emancipation (Moksha).

According      to the Vedic philosophy —study of true knowledge from the      Vedas and practice of virtuous deeds accordingly is called “Dharma”      from which all kinds of essential things required for living is acquired      and lastly the soul is emancipated by true knowledge.

The      great sage Manu      has described the natural and basic attributes of “Dharma” by acquiring of which man becomes virtuous and      religious minded. There are ten attributes of the moral code i.e.      Dharma;

Dritihi Kshamaa      DamoAsteyam Shouchamindriyanigraha, Dheervidyaha      Satyamakrodho Dashakam Dharma Lakshanam” (Manusmriti VI – 92)

Means      “(I) Resolution, (II) Patience, (III) Self–restraint, (IV) Honesty,      (V) Purity, (VI) Restraint of the organs, (VII) Devotion, (VIII) Knowledge      (of the Vedas), (IX) Truth and (X) Absence of anger. These      are the tenfold of the Vedic Dharma or the right conduct of life for mankind.

Means      “The Vedas,      the Smritis, the practice of men, good and true, in conformity with The      Vedas—the word of God,      and the satisfaction of one’s own soul—these undoubtedly, are the four      criteria of true conduct of life i.e. religion, which enable one to      distinguish between Right and Wrong.”      “In other words, it is by these alone that the true religion is      ascertained.”

According      to Swami Dayanand Saraswati: — “Dharma” (Righteousness):      Righteousness lies in showing guileless obedience to divine decrees, in      being impartially just and in acting in a way that benefits all. That      righteousness is fully validated by perceptual proofs and is in conformity      with the Vedic injunction. Hence men everywhere must act righteously. [Aryoddesyaratnamala]

God      is one, hence there exists only one Dharma i.e.      religion for all men, not many. What are extras are not religions, but      are beliefs, Mazahab, Panth or groups, etc. Which are made by man of      different thinking, different groups in different environment according to      their beliefs, depending on places, time and their personal gains or      ignorance, But when we talk about religion i.e. Dharma (Righteousness) it      is One for all. Religion exists for the betterment and upliftment for man      and not for the separation of one man from another. Religion shows man the      right path of life, the true meaning of life; otherwise, there is no any      difference between man and an animal.

“Aahaara      Nidraa Bhaya Maithunashcha Saamaanya Metatpashurbhirnaraanam,

Dharmo      Hi Teshaamadhiko Visheshah Dharmena Heenah Pashumihi Samaanah.”

(Manu 2-12)

Means      there are commonness in man and beast as —sex, fear, eating and      sleeping, the only difference is that of “Dharma”,      which exists more in man; otherwise, non-religious man is like an animal.

In      short Manu says “the approval of one’s soul” is the religion of      man. Man is called a man because of his moral codes i.e. Dharma that shows      him the right way of living, gives true knowledge of right and wrong and      gives him the knowledge of duties towards his family, society, nation and      the world, otherwise man looks like a man, But actually he is not worthy      to be called a man. “Aachar      Parmo Dharma” (Manu 1-108) i.e.Character or righteous living as taught by the      Vedas as well as Smritis* in conformity with the      Vedas, is the high virtue. [Writings of A’ptas in conformity with God.

Men      have exploited the “Dharma” according to their wishes and because of      that the modern generation keep themselves away from all these things.

[*      Writings of A’ptas in conformity of the      Vedas. An A’pta is a pious, truthful, unprejudiced, honest and      learned person]

Quest      # 94: What is “Yajna”?Why      should we perform “Yajna”?

Answer:      “Yajna: Beginning from Agnihotra (the fire-ritual) unto Ashvamedha      (the house-ritual), or the material transaction and physical science which      are used for the welfare for the universe are called Yajna.”

The      word “Yajna” is derived from its root word “Yaj”      i.e. (i) Deva-Pooja i.e.      worship of deities, (ii)      Sangati-Karan i.e. association and friendliness and (iii)      Daan i.e. charity and sacrifices.

Every      deed without selfishness can also be called Yajna, which is the ancient      virtue of all times.

(i)      Deva-Pooja:      i.e. to respect elders [Father, Mother, Teachers, Learned persons guests      etc. to obey and respect them accordingly.] and also to perform Agnihotra      (fire rituals).

(ii)      Sangati-Karan: i.e.      to make friendship and love with the same age group, by this there will be      no enmity and,

(iii)      Daan:      i.e. to help and give protection to younger ones. To give them shelter and      look after them. To teach them proper knowledge and guide them in the      right direction.

Deva-Pooja,      Sangati-Karan and Daan balance the life of a man.      Homa or Agnihotra      (fire rituals) is materialistic symbol of Yajna by which environment is      purified, hence health is improved. Whatever substances are put in the      fire (fire of Yajna), it maximizes the attributes of that Substance and      air spreads it in to the atmosphere. There are many advantages of      Agnihotra. Yajna is beneficial for all living-beings, because whatever is      put in the holy fire (Yajna), the fire returns the same in manifold to      air, air returns it to clouds which also does the same thing i.e. clouds      give back to earth by way of rain. What man had scarified in fire, the      same is returned to him in manifold by way of Yajna. Yajna also controls      pollution. Food, vegetables, herbal is enriched and purified, hence      performance of “Yajna” is essential and the best deed for man in      the world.

Yajna      is good for all, by performing “Homa” the society is benefited      and enjoys a pleasant life [Of course we also are the members of society].      All living beings gain from Yajna. Pain, sorrows, unhappiness, miseries,      all kind of diseases and tensions are gone by performing the best deed for      man i.e. “Yajna”. Yajna or Havan is to purify the atmosphere and      the mind of the performer and those who join in it. It serves to elevate      the human mind by enabling it to bless, praise and adore the divine giver      of life and happiness.

The      fire in the Yajna means a lot too. If valuables are burned then the fire      is symbolized human welfare. Havan-Samagri and other odoriferous      ingredients along with Pure Ghee are burned then the fire disseminates the      essential oils in the atmosphere when these scents are inhaled, the fumes      seek the tissues of the body, which is beneficial to the body. The central      and overall meaning of the Yajna involves sacrifice and cooperation with      others to achieve desired goals. The spirit for sacrifice and sharing is      at the core of Yajna.

Yajna      (Homa or Agnihotra) –it is a worship of Jada deities’ i.e. insensate      objects or dead inert matters so in that way nature’s balances is      mentioned. By this method of scarification we also learn to give and      donate. Recitation of all mantras of Agnihotra ends in “Idam Na Mama”, which means, “It is not mine”. In this way egoism does not develop in      the mind of man who performs Yajna, hence attributes of individuality (Ahankara)      is perished.

life      [Of course we also are the member of society]. All living beings gain from      the Yajna. Pain, sorrows, unhappiness, miseries, all kind of diseases and      tensions are gone by performing the best deed for man i.e. “Yajna”.      Yajna or Havan is to purify the atmosphere and the mind of the performer      and those who join in it. It serves to elevate the human mind by enabling      it to bless, praise and adore the divine giver of life and happiness.      

The      Veda says —“He who wants blissful life (heaven) must perform Yajna”.

Quest      # 95: Can the eater of flesh become Mahatma i.e. Super-soul?

Answer:      Eater      of any kind of flesh can become a monster, not a great soul or a saint.      One, who wants to become a saint or a mystic, has to learn to respect his      own soul first. One who only want of flesh, kills some animals or other      living being, it is understood that he has no respect for other      living-being and their own souls.      Because of taste of his tongue and selfishness, animals loose their lives.      If you cannot give life to anyone, you do not have the right to kill      anyone. God gives it, none has any right to take the life of anyone. He is      criminal and beast who do such dirty deeds in his life. Even God      does not excuse them.

All      souls are equal and same, but      according to their past deeds and Sanskaaras they get different bodies to      get the fruits of their past actions. Is there anyone who wants to be      killed or disrespected by any living being or to be tortured by others?      No! Every living being protects him self from any pain and misery. The      life is precious to everyone, and everyone wants to live a longer life, so      let him or her live life in their own way. Do not disturb anyone. This is      a sinful act. Eating flesh, the body increases, fat increases only flesh      and obesity invites all kinds of diseases, which is a big sin again. It is      a big sin to be sick purposely.

The      mind, intellect, inner conscious and individuality is infected by use of      such food, which is obtained through injuring and killing of animals by      way of theft, dishonesty, breach of faith, fraud and hypocrisy.

Meat      eating is not permissible for men. It is food for the beast. Nature has      provided food-grains, vegetables, fruits and many kinds of roots, which      are energetic and determined by the science of moral and religionand the other by the science of health.

·“Men      should abstain from flesh diet and intoxicants” (Manu 5-5).

·“Intoxicants,      such as wine, ganja, cannabis and opium etc., let them never use those      articles that are prejudicial to the growth of intellect” (Manu      4-21).

Lion is a wild animal, who      eats flesh by hunting its prey, only when it is hungry. On the other hand,      man is a social animal, he lives in a society of human being, he has      intellect, he is supposed to be civilizes, so why this inhumanity? Is it      humanity to catch dumb and mute animals by fraud –tie them –cut their      throat and their body and eat their flesh? Is this human nature? To cook a      dead body in home utensils, cook bones and flesh in wine and whisky, in      the end put the dead animal’s body in your stomach, is this human’s moral      code and conduct? Man has surpassed the limit of humanity. Flesh-eater      cannot become a saint or a super-soul, yes, he can become a      “Monster”, not even a ordinary man. He who has made his stomach      a cemetery, an impure house, can imagine other cruel things? He is to call      a demon –devil, not a deity.

To serve mutton and Liquor in      the temple &c. on some auspicious occasion as ‘Prasadam’ is the      greatest sin. This shows how a man can be disgraced. Temples are believed      to be the most sacred places where prayers are offered and is a place of      worship. Dharma teaches ‘Ahimsa’ not ‘Himsa’. Is this humanity to      eat dead animal’s flesh? Due to bodily characteristics the flesh is food      for animals of jungle i.e. lions etc. mostly animals with claws. Is man a      jungle animal?

According      to the Vedic theory human      should eat “Sattvik      foods” i.e. pure food determined by the science of moral and      religion, and the other by the science of health and perform his virtuous      actions. He only is worthy to be called a man.

Quest # 96: Do ghosts,      witchcraft, bad omens, ghosts, demons, devils, monsters, rascals,      wandering-spirits, etc. exist? If yes! How can one get rid of them?

Answer:      Any word, which exists, has a meaning. Bhootas, ghosts, Rakshasa,      Devils, Demons, Monsters, Bad omens etc. etc. these words must have some      meanings.      In the Hindi language, time that is gone and does not exists now is called      “Bhoota” i.e. the      past. Yes, this is Bhoota.

Ignorant and illiterate people      who live in villages and backward area, are so simple that they believe      whatever they listen. They even believe that Bhoota (devil) is some      painful soul of a departed one who may have died in an accident or in      terrible condition, and now wandering in the atmosphere and disturbing the      lives of living-beings with some extraordinary super natural powers.

There      is also an other belief that when a man expires, becomes Bhoota, if his      wishes are not satisfied or his desires are not fulfilled in his life      time, hence he wanders in the atmosphere and come and go by his will;      which concept is completely wrong and baseless.

Cruel      people who have very bad character, whose deeds and nature are impure, do      injustice with others, killing and rapping are their business. People who      have no mercy in their hearts, no sweetness in their talks, cruelty in      their eyes, monster-like actions, dangerous personality are called Devils.      To eat fleshy things, to drink intoxicants, to kill without any reason, to      torture &c., these are the attributes of a monster, demon horrible      person, which look like a man, but actually he is a beast.

There      is a human race named “Rakshasa”, who are mostly illiterate,      ignorant and live in jungles. They are away from civilization and hence      they are called “Rakshasa” because in them there is      nothing like man’s attributes nature and characters. They do not what is      religion and moral code or the purpose of their lives.

The      imagination of a devil like creature for an ordinary man is that it would      be like a big-tall man with big teeth, dangerous face, burning red eyes,      two horns on his forehead, long hairs etc. that is only an imagination,      there exists no such monster or creature or man. In other words, it is the      weakness of mind and heart. It is a profitable business for selfish      fellows who benefit themselves by telling lie stories about monsters and      demons, and take money and other precious ornaments from ignorant people      to get rid of their shadows. There is no reality, actually these Tantrik      (who do all these types of things) people are fake and misguide illiterate      people, who are already in pain and make their life more miserable. It is      our wise advice to all, not to follow these kinds of Tantriks or such      people who misguide our readers for the sake of money.

Beware of this fake Tantrik –Mantrik      –Yogi –Jogi –as they look like a big pundit. Full-stop red, green,      yellow, white on their forehead –long hairs –long mustache –big beard      –colored face painted with designs –tattoo on their face, arms, legs and      other parts of the body –they are really multifaceted monsters, because      of these fraud people true yogis or spiritual teachers suffer.

Always      believe in God alone.      There exists no such black magic or so-called Tantrik Vidya or so.      Believers of these kinds of thing always fall down and never upgrade their      lives. How can these fake people change one’s life or alter his past      actions and tell the future? God is      Omnipotent – Omniscient – Omnipresent and Greatest of all. He is just.      Even He cannot change or alter some one’s future, because He is the      greatest Judge. Are these false and fake tantriks greater than God      is? Or is God’s power lesser      than these so called these fake tantriks?

There      are many temples in our great country “India”      where these ghosts –devils –monsters –bad omens — rascals live in the      form of so called “Pujari”* who misguide these illiterate,      simpleteous and ignorant people, grab their bread and belongings. These      Pujaris of many temples in India and abroad (of      Kaal-Bhairava temples in Ujjan in the state of Madhya Pradesh) eat      flesh and take intoxicants like ganja, opium wine etc. and do indecent      acts with women from respected families in the name of God.      Devotees offer Desi (country) liquor and foreign make whisky to the statue      of Shankara (Kaal-Bhairav) in a      plate that is absorbed by the statue (or it is collected behind the idol      of Gods). Even beggars outside      of these temples demand for wine and flesh. In Mahaakaal      temple (Ujjan), women      devotees with the ashes of newly cremated person clean the Shiva-Linga      early in the morning. There is more then 400 Shiva-Temples in Ujjan. There are many temples there devotees cut mute animals in the      boundary of places of worship and the same first offered to the Gods      (the idols) and left-over flesh is distributed to devotees and their      friends as Prasadam. Righteous and true devotees are hence affected      and hated because of these unreal and fraud Pujaris. Beware of these      Monsters!

Many      temples distribute flesh and liquor on the auspicious occasion of “Holi”      (Change of season from winter to summer) to their Bhaktas (worshipers). Again on the auspicious occasion of “Shiv-Ratri”      (the auspicious night of Lord Shiva) they distribute “Thandai”i.e. milk shake mixed with almonds and “Bhaang”(intoxicants).      Are these human characters? Of course! These people are really      devils-monsters. They can be called with any name!

Trust      in God only. Believe in      yourself. Have faith in inner conscious. Be a noble man. Perform virtuous      deeds according to the law of nature. Self-confidence is the sharp weapon      for these kinds of rascals, monsters, devils, demons etc. etc.

Themselves      also call the five great elements “Bhootas”, as they are dead inert matters, which cannot do      anything.

Quest      # 97: Who is called “the Guru ” i.e. “the preceptor”      or the teacher? Is it necessary for one to have a Guru?

Answer:      Any      one who is attributed with good attributes can be called a teacher. One      who teaches is called a teacher, a master or a “Guru*”.

He      who gives the knowledge of the      Vedas and performs Vedic righteous rituals is called a teacher.

Manu      Smriti 2.149, saysHe who confer the benefit      of the Veda on any one, be it little or be it much, he (the disciple)      should know him to be here his Guru,      by reason of that benefit through the      Veda.”

A      Guru or teacher is a guide who      leads one from the darkness like ignorance to the light like knowledge and      also who leads one to the path of truth from untruth.

According      to the Indian culture there are four Gurus:      mother is the first Guru of a      man and then comes father, teacher and learned person as his      masters.

Guru      means (Gri = to speak) The teacher of all-true knowledge and learning who      revealed the word of salvation (i.e. the Veda) in the beginning of the      world, the teacher of even all the early teachers. He is immortal.      “He is the Guru of even      the most ancient teachers. He is immortal. Time cannot influence      Him.” (Yoga Darshana, Samaadhi      Pada # 26)

Mother      and father is the creature of this physical body but      the teacher provides intellect hence he is called “teacher.”

“As      his father and mother beget him mutually out of lust, one should know that      (birth to be merely) his cause of existence, when he is born from the      womb.(Manu 2.147)

“But      the birth which the teacher who has completed the Veda, duly brings about      for him by the “Gayatri”, that is the true (birth), free from      old age, eternal. (Manu      2.148)

“Everybody’s      father is called the “Guru” since he brings up the baby right      from the time from of injecting sperm in the ovum to supplying daily needs      after birth. The one who dispels the darkness born of ignorance from human      heart by giving the light of truth is also called a “Guru” or an      “Aacharya”. (Aryoddeshyaratnamaalaa)

It      is a saying —“there is no goal without a master.” It is true      without teacher no one gets the proper and true knowledge even when one      studies by him self. The teacher improves knowledge hence better to have a      Guru. The Guru      always wants to improve the career of his disciple.

True      knowledge is one that gives the true knowledge of God,      by which the soul visualise* God.      (*God’s      bliss is experienced with the true knowledge within the soul.)

God      bestows the Vedas, and thus God is the original source of all knowledge.      Manu says in Manu Smriti 2.7 that the Vedas contain all knowledge.

Quest      # 98: How should the relation between the preceptor and the disciple be?

Answer:      There      are three categories of teachers’: (1) Schoolteacher; (2) Principal and      (3) Spiritual teacher or Master.

1:School teacher: He is the creator of pupils’ character, gives      knowledge of new directions in new subjects, develops his intellect      so that he is able to think.

[“Aacharyah      Kasmat? Aacharya Aacharam Grahayati Aachinoti Arthan Aachinoti

Bhuddhimiti Vaa”(Nirukta 1-4-12)]

2:Principal: He gives the knowledge of the Vedas or some parts of the      Vedas to his pupil      (disciple) and takes fee from him in return for his personal expenditures.

“Eka      Desham Tu Vedasya Vedangaanyapi Vaa Punah,

Yo-Dhyaapayati Vrittyarthamupaadhyaayah Sah Uchyate” (Manu-Smriti      2.141)

“But      he is called sub-teacher (Upaadhyaaya)      who for (his) livelihood teaches a single portion of the Veda, or again the Vedangas.”)]

3:Spiritual teacher or master: He is the third category teacher who      goes to his disciple’s house and performs rituals according to the      teaching of the Vedas and also      looks after the Gurukulas i.e.      schools.

After a long period of time all types of teachers are called as      “Guru“. The word Gurudefined as: —

·He      who is attributed with good qualities is called a Guru.

·Learned      one worthy of worshipping is also called a Guru.

·He      who provides the knowledge of the      Vedas is called a Guru.

·He      who teaches any type of knowledge is called a Guru.

·Even      he who gives a little knowledge is called a Guru.      [Manusmriti 2.149]

·He      who dispels darkness-like ignorance is called a Guru.      [Girati Sinchati      Karnayorjyaanaamritam Iti Guruhu]

·He      who preaches the deep doctrine of the      Vedas is called a Guru. [Girati Ajyaanaandhakaarm Iti Guruhu]

·He      who explains the laws of sciences is called a Guru.      [Gaarayate Vijyaapayati      Shastrarahasyam Iti Guruhu]

      The meaning of above said in short is that the Guru      is one from whom any kind of (Para      or Apara) knowledge is acquired. And true master (sat-Guru) is one who teaches the knowledge of the Vedas. He is Sat-Guru      who leads his disciples towards truth and repels untruth from their lives.      He, who takes away ignorance, removes darkness and shows his disciples the      path of salvation and enlightens their lives with the light of knowledge,      is really a true teacher i.e. true spiritual master.

“Gururbrahama      Gururvishnurgururdevo Maheshwarah,

Guruhu      Saakshaat Param Brahma tasmai Shragurve Namah”

The      above said verses is very popular in which the Guru      is considered as Lord, because of his greatness towards humanity.

In      Indian culture, mother, father and teaches learned ones and spiritual      masters are called and treated as Gurus      according to their positions. There can be hundreds of Gurus      as there are many fields for knowledge to acquire. No Guru can have the full knowledge of all fields. God      is the greatest Guru of all      ancestors Gurus, because He only gives the knowledge of the      Vedas.

Quest      # 99: What is “Paraa” and “Aparaa Vidyaa”? How much      knowledge is there in the Vedas?

Answer:      Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati in      his well known book “Introduction      to the commentaries on the Rigveda and the other Vedas” writes,      ” In the Vedas knowledge      is of two kinds, one is ‘Aparaa’ -physical sciences, and the other ‘Paraa’      (spiritual knowledge).” The Aparaa Vidyaa or physical science is that      which studies physical material from a grass blade to the universe and      deals with the qualities of matter or nature, and to employ them to make      scientific inventions by their proper use. The second Paraa Vidyaa      (Spiritual knowledge) deals with the attainment of the      Eternal-indestructible Almighty God. This spiritual knowledge is superior to the physical knowledge,      because the final aim of physical knowledge is to gain efficiency in the      spiritual knowledge. The preview of the spiritual knowledge covers the      study of the Almighty God -the      creature of the universe. Material knowledge covers the study of the      universe, nature and cause of the creation and maintenance of the      universe.

“Andhantamah Pra Vinshanti Ye-Vidyaamupaaste,

Tato      Bhooya-Iva Te Tamo Ya-U Vidyaayaa Rataha” (Yajurveda 40/12)

Means there are two kinds of      knowledge: One study of the matter called Avidyaa or Aparaa and other      study of spiritual world called Vidyaa or Paraa. Both the knowledge are      essential for Liberation i.e. Salvation.

Nowadays      people are more attracted towards Avidyaa i.e. physical science, but true      knowledge of the Vedas leads      towards inner knowledge of the soul and Super soul.

“Avidyaayaa      Mrityum Teertvaa Vidyayaa-Mritamashnute” (Yajurveda 40/14)

“Vinaashena      Mritym Teertvaa Sambhoottya-Mritamashnute” (Yajurveda 40/11)

Means from Avidyaa one acquires material      knowledge and from Vidyaa i.e. the knowledge of the spiritual world, one      is emancipated from bondage of birth and death and gets salvation.

The Veda is the only book on earth that deals with ‘Paraa’      (esoteric or spiritual) as well as ‘Aparaa’      (exoteric or worldly) sciences.

Quest      # 100: Is it essential for one to have Guru?

Answer:Great Devarishi Narada      had said (in Narada      Parasharamadhaviya part 1 page # 154): It is useless to study by own      self, it is like a lady bearing a child without her husband. So it is      necessary for one to have true teacher under whose guidance he gets the      proper knowledge.

·“Sa      Gurooryah Kriyam Kritvaa Vedamasmai Prayachchhati” (Kathopanishada 2/8)

means      the teacher is essential to acquire proper knowledge.

It is said in mandukopanishada (1-1-12) that: —

“Taddhijyaanaarth      Sa Gurumevaabhigachchhet Samitpaanihi Shretriyam Brhamanishtham”Which means a student should acquire the knowledge from a teacher who has      educational knowledge of the Vedas.

“Aacharyo      Mriyuvarunah Soma Oshadhayo Payah,Jeemoota Aasantsatvaanah Tairidam Swaraabhritam” (Atharvaveda      11-5-14)

Means      that the Guru is rigid like      death (Mrityu) and pure like air (Varuna), who removes all kinds of      impurities; and who gives good attributes to his students. The Guru      is also like “Soma” i.e. medicine and drink, the deep meaning of      that is to have control on senses like speech, touch, Vision,      taste and smell, by which life is enriched with noble attributes hence and      the student always lives a happy, disciplined and peaceful life.

“Sa      Esha Poorveshaamapi Guruhu Kaalanaanavachchhedat” (Yoga Shastra, Samaadhi      Pada 26)      means “As in the present time we become enlightened only after being      taught by our teachers, so were in the beginning of the world, Agni and      the other three Rishis (sages), taught by the Greatest of all teachers—GOD.”

The      true master is one who improves inner-conscious of his disciples and leads      them from darkness of ignorance to the light of knowledge.      (Darkness is the symbol of ignorance and light is the symbol of knowledge      that is why God is said to be      illuminated i.e. Omniscient). Hence it is essential to have teacher i.e.      the Guru.

Advertisements

Quest – The Vedic Questions and Answer Part 4


 

THIS IS SERIES OF FAQs ON VEDAS.

READ , LEARN, FOLLOW AND PROPAGATE THE GOD BEST GIFT TO MANKIND -THE VEDAS

Contributor -Madan Rajeha ji

visit WWW.VEDICBOOKS.COM to purchase hard copy of this book

Chapter      No 4      

Quest      # 50: What is life and its importance?

Quest      # 51: What is the difference between death and sleep?

Quest      # 52: Why do we fear death?

Quest      # 53: Where do all live in the state of dissolution?

Quest      # 54: What are the causes of death?

Quest      # 55: How does the soul leave the material body at the time of death?

Quest      # 56: How can death be granted death?

Quest      # 57: Why does Nescience arise? What are the      causes of ignorance?

Quest      # 58: How should defected impressions be corrected and dispelled?

Quest      # 59: What is called a mistake, crime and sin?

Quest      # 60: Does God forgive the sins committed in ones full senses or in      ignorance, or if repented?

Quest # 61:      It is said that God does everything or makes us do everything, how far      is it true?

Quest # 62: If we are to get the fruits of our actions in      this world only, then what is the necessity of God?

Quest # 63: When-where-how      does an action bear its fruit?

Quest # 64: Is there any      proof in the Vedas that the fruits of our actions are under the      supervision of God?

Quest # 65: What are the      theories of “Karma-Phal” i.e. “the fruits of actions” and what are they?

Quest # 65 (A): Why do we      expect fruits when we sow seeds?

Quest # 66: What is time?      How one can utilize it efficiently?

Quest # 67: When did      “time” come into existence?

Quest # 68: What is the      difference between ether and space?

Quest # 69: How many      devtas*      [deities] are there in the Universe?

Quest # 70: What are called      “Siddhis” (psychic powers) and which is the best “Siddhi”      of yoga?

Quest # 71: The best “Siddhi” of Yoga is      “To experience God’s bliss”, then why should one desire      salvation in which too one gets a similar bliss of God.

Quest # 72: In the state of      “Moksha” i.e. “Salvation” or “Emancipation”,      does the soul become like God? Is it absorbed into God? How is the bliss      of God experienced?

Quest      # 73: What is the nature of “innate powers of the soul” and how      many kinds is it?

Quest # 74: Is it possible that with the      achievement of the power of yoga, that the soul of a yogi can leave his      body at his will and enter into another person’s body and thereafter come      back?

Quest      # 75: Can God take or put the soul of any one?

 

 

 

Quest      # 50: What is life and its importance?

Answer:      The      time between birth and death is called “Life”. The human race is      for the purpose of Yoga** and Bhoga.

[*Bhog      means to experience enjoy the fruits of his/her cumulative i.e. pleasure      or pain according to Species (Jati)      or Race (Life-State), (Aayu) Age (Life-Period), and (Bhog) Life-Experience.]

[**Yoga      the human has the chance to communion with God      and to experience His bliss, if he /she attains the state of realization].

Human      life is a very precious one because one is free to act according to      his/her will; the increment or decrement of the Jiva depends upon his/her      actions. If nothing good is done in this life (Human life), it goes waste.      One has to learn the art of living with a positive attitude. Each and      every moment of life should be enjoyed with happiness and love, and one      should be grateful to God for      the precious human life, which He has given us.

A      meaningful life is one when man leaves the world with his good deeds, he      should be remembered and appreciated by others for his work. No one knows      the time span of anyone’s life. One should be hopeful and must learn the      art of living, so that each and every moment should be lived with      happiness and we must thank God      for all that He has provided for our betterment. A useful life is that      which remains as a fond memory in the hearts of many people for years to      come, otherwise people come and go, some are worshiped like God      and others are simply forgotten. Those who are worshiped have really lived      their lives to the fullest.

Quest      # 51: What is the difference between death and sleep?

Answer:      There      are many similarities between death and sleep. While sleeping, one gets      relief from bodily tiredness of the entire day, and wakes up fresh and      energetic. In the same way, death removes tiredness of the entire life,      and the soul receives a new body. In the new body, the Jiva performs all      new actions with renewed vigor and freshness. The Jiva gets a new chance      to communion with the Supreme Soul by Meditation, which is available only      to the human race.

The      importance and necessity of death is more than that of sleep. Living      beings may sleep as much as they want in their entire life, but it is      death in which all have to take shelter in the end. Sleep is limited to a      few hours but death is a form of permanent sleep, from which no one can      ever wake up.

Sleep      is a shadow of death in which the body is relaxed for a few hours, but      death relaxes the body permanently. Death puts an end to all kinds of      diseases, pain and misery.

Now      days, many people suffering from insomnia (sleeplessness or lack of sleep)      take sleeping pills or other medicines to get a good sleep, but still they      are unfortunate and do not enjoy sound sleep. On the other hand it is the      death which gives sound and permanent sleep to all living beings once they      come in its grasp. Sleep can escape, but death never forgets to embrace      and give shelter to every one.

One,      who has taken birth, will have to enter the jaws of death. Life is a      journey between birth and death and to get rid of this, one has to take      the shelter of God.

Quest      # 52: Why do we fear death?

Answer:      Fear      of death exists due to our own ignorance, because we have not understood      the meaning of death properly. The fear will go away if we get correct      information on this subject. The fear of death is increased because of      love for self and fear of losing those who are near and dear to us. Death      is essential, unavoidable and certain, so why to worry or get afraid of      these things. Death becomes easy for those who have the right spiritual      knowledge, that after death they will take birth once again according to      their deeds, good or bad, in the present life. If their deeds are really      good then there is no need to worry, and if their deeds are really bad,      this is the right time for self-examination and improving our attitudes      for the remaining part of life.

Mostly      common man fears death when he sees it. On the other hand learned men, who      are spiritually enlightened and have gained the knowledge of the      Vedas want to conquer it by renouncing worldly pleasures and communion      with God so that they are free from the vicious circle of birth &      death and enjoy Emancipation without this physical body.

Quest      # 53: Where do all live in the state of dissolution?

Answer:      In      this mantra of Rigveda there is      your Quest and Answer also:

“Abhee Ye Devaha sthana      Trishvaarochane Divah, Kridha      Rritei Kadanrita Kwa Pratvaa Va aahutirvitam Me Asya Rodasee”(Rigveda 1-105-5)

Q–When      all the worlds in this Universe vanish i.e. in the state of dissolution,      where do they all stay? Where do all souls stay?

A–One      should know that—the Universe dissolves in its cause and stays in space,      the souls also live in God in      the state of deep sleep. God      sustains all worlds in the Universe under the gravitational force of their      respective Suns.

Pt.      Ramchand Dehlvi, the greatest wrangler,      has given clarification of this Quest in these lines —” long      duration of the dissolution (i.e.      432 million years) is not the same for all souls.      Because one cannot have the knowledge of time in deep sleep, so as all souls do in the long period of dissolution of the creation.      Emancipated souls live in God      with His knowledge and Bliss, whilst others enjoy the deep sleep without      any knowledge in that period of dissolution.

As      the world is created and dissolved there is a continuous chain of creation      and dissolution. The Universe is in the state of dissolution for 432      million years [Rigvedadi-Bhashya-Bhoomika,      (Sub: Creation of the Universe)]. God      always lives in the present.

Quest      # 54: What are the causes of death?

Answer:      There      are many-many causes of death. The main cause of death is non-obedience of      God’s commandments, but there      are other causes too such as accidents, sickness, unsystematic pattern of      eating and drinking, polluted environment, interrupted life style and our      own attitudes against the laws of nature. Old age death is a natural one,      because the materialistic body becomes old and useless, so the soul has to      leave the body, which results in natural death. Suicide and knowingly      ending one’s life is an abnormal cause of death. The three kinds of pain      — 1) that from physical disorders, hunger and thirst, etc., 2) from      other living beings and 3) from natural causes such as excessive heat or      cold, or excessive or deficient rain, or from the restlessness of mind and      the senses—are also the causes of death. In the modern day life style,      heart attack, tension etc are the common causes of death.

The      soul lives in a healthy physical body, made from five gross elements e.g.      earth–water–fire–air–ether. When the balance of these five elements is      disturbed, the body becomes ill. Increment or decrement of any of these      five elements effects the stability of health, and the soul is Eveready to      leave the unbalanced or disturbed body, until it gets well. In an accident      or suicide etc. water element in the body is reduced, hence death occurs.      In illness /sickness one should take care and get himself treated      otherwise the consequences will be nothing but death.

Yasyachchhayamritam      yasya mrityuh” The Veda says –God      showers His bliss (longer and healthy life) to one who is obedient to His      commandments, and in the reversed conditions i.e. he who does not obey      Him, experiences extreme pain which results in death.

The      great sage Manu Maharaj      has described more causes of death like –

“Anabhyasen      Vedanamacharasya cha varjanat Aalasyadannadoshashcha      mrityurvipranjadyasati” (Manu-Smriti 5/4)

Means:      –By not studying the Vedas,      acquiring bad habits and leaving good attitudes, becoming idle or wasting      time and eating impure foods death will kill the noble man. The noble man      cannot be killed by anyone but if there remain the above said impurities      then no one can rescue him from death.

Control      over sexual habits is life and discharging energy is death. Meeting      virtuous people is life and relationship with bad ones is death. Knowledge      is life and ignorance is death. Communion with God is life and communion with Prakriti      is death.

It      should be kept in mind that death comes to the body while the soul is      imperishable, everlasting, Undecaying and an eternal entity.

Quest      # 55: How does the soul leave the material body at the time of death?

Answer:      According      to the Brihadaranyak (4-5)—At the time of death the soul exists in five great elements i.e. earth,      water, fire air and ether. The soul cannot be broken or burnt like the      material body but it exists in the subtle body at the time of death. When      nervauric or vital forces (Pranas) leave the body, it becomes cold (Vedanta      4-2-11).

While      leaving the physical body, the soul lives in the atmosphere (Yama),      because it is said in the Vedas” Yama is another name for air.” Thereafter the Great      Judge —God — embodies that      soul according to the nature of its deeds done in the previous life.      Guided by God it enters the      body of some living creature with air, water, food, and drink or through      any opening in the body. Under the control of God’s      system it receives a new body. When-where-how etc. that depends upon the      soul’s past impressions of infinite lives deeds, which God      decides and makes arrangements for its future “Life-State, Life-Time and Life-Experience”, because only He is      just and the holiest (Yajurveda      23-3), who creates the bodies of all living beings.

The      soul is continuously chained down to this wheel of birth and death till by      the practice of the highest virtue and complete absorption into Divine      contemplation and the acquisition of the highest knowledge, it obtains      Emancipation. By the practice of deeds of the highest virtue, etc. It is      born as a good and great personage among men; and being freed from births      and deaths and the consequent pain and suffering, it enjoys perfect bliss      in Emancipation till the end of the Grand-Dissolution.

Quest      # 56: How can death be granted death?

Answer:      “Brahmchryena tapasa deva mrityumupaghnata” which means: —One who is a true yogi, a true spiritual teacher, a disciplined noble      person and one who always thinks of God,      only enjoys His bliss and conquers death, in other words those who follow      the instructions of their spiritual masters can reach the state of death      daily while living in this world, for this, one should live a renounced      life

“Vaidahamaitam      purusham mahantamadityavarnam tapasah parastat Tameva viditvati mrityumeti nanyah panthya      vidyateAyanaya” (Yajurveda 31/18)

That is the Answer to this Quest; for which      the soul receives many bodies. Death is the greatest unsolved mystery on      earth. Even the scientists are trying hard to solve this problem.

Yes!      It is death from which all creatures run helter-skelter to try and get rid      of, for they do not want to face it and try to find some way to leave it      behind them. All fear from death by just looking at it, be it a genius or      a fool –a child or an old person –poor or rich –a beggar or a king —a      demon or a virtuous man –everyone finds his/her own way to conquer death.      Everyone wants to be eternal and that is the purpose of human life.

“If man wants to enjoy the pleasure of      all worlds, he should know the Supreme Soul, who is self-illuminated,      All-blissful, away from any kinds of impurities and always lives in the      present, then he shall be separated from the sea of pain. This is the only      way to be free from the bondage of birth and death and there is no other      way for Emancipation.”

There      is no other way to conquer death other than to know God.

Quest      # 57: Why doesNescience arise? What are the      causes of ignorance?

Answer:      “Indriyadoshaatsanskaara Doshaachchaavidyaa” Vaisheshika      Darshana” (9-1-10)      which means that defects of the sense organs and defect of Sanskaras      are the causes of ignorance. If there is any disorder in the sense organs,      the knowledge remains incomplete and defected. If there are impurities of      the past impressions, the thing what is put in it, becomes impure too! So      until and unless the defected sense organs are not rectified and the      impure impressions purified, these ignorance will remain like darkness in      man’s life.

Quest      # 58: How should defected impressions be corrected and dispelled?

Answer:      The defected impressions of the past, which exists in man, should be burnt      out. If there are no defected impressions –hence no ignorance will exist.      (No defected impressions–No ignorance) Repetition of Vedic mantras,      stability in virtuous duties and study of the Vedic literature; and      self-examination, by these means one can get rid of all the defected and      impure impressions of the past.

1)Japa or Repetition of the Vedic      mantras: To recite and repeat God’s name with meaning, to acquire the attributes of the Supreme      Soul, in daily life style to improve attitudes towards life. Try to repeat      and practice the same.

2)Tapa or Stability in virtuous      duties: If any kind of hurdles come in the repetition of God’s      name and in the way of virtuous deeds, one should not give up or hesitate.      He should try to be stable and have courage, make no compromises in      rituals, no compromise with the truth, only to obey God’s      commandments (to go by Vedic way), to acquire God’s      attributes, all these combined are called “Tapa.

3)Swaadhyaya or Study: To      study the Vedic literature is called “Swaadhyaya”, because The      Vedas are the pillars of Virtue i.e. Dharma. The      great sage Maharishi Vyasa has explained the meaning of word      “Swaadhyaya” in Yoga      Darshana Swaadhyaya      Pranavaadipavitraanaam japah mokshaastraadhyayanam vaa” (Yoga      2/1 and 2/32). Repetition      of God’s personal and only      name “OM” and to      study The Vedas, Darshana      (philosophies of the Vedic literature) and Upanishad (how to communicate God with certainly) are called Swaadhyaya. In this way      virtuous attributes are born and knowledge is increased. And when man      acquires knowledge, he wants to perform actions.

Swa+Adhyaya      = Swaadhyaya i.e. self +      examination i.e. to examine own self at night for all that he has done      during the entire day, in this way our tomorrow will be better than today      by viewing our wrong attitudes and correcting them.

Human      soul is the knower of right and wrong —(Light of Truth –by Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati)

Every      one knows his personal good and bad habits. Self-examination is the best      solution to rectify one’s bad habits in order to improve ones life style.

“Vedopakarane chaiva swaadhyaye chaiva naityake, NanurodhoAstyanadhyayehomamantreshu chaiva hi.”(Manu      Smriti)

The      great sage Maharishi Manu Maharaja      has said, “One should not waste even a day in not studying the      Vedas and self-examination plus performing Yajna.      These actions are to be performed daily without fail and not be      avoided under any circumstances.

(*Most      people pronounce the word “Yajna” as “Yagna” which is absolutely      wrong, the correct pronunciation is ‘Yajna’),“Mimeehi shlokamasye parjanyaeive tattanah,Gaya      gayatramukthyam” (Rigveda      1-38-14)

Means      one can change his lifestyle by Japa, Tapa      and Swaadhyaya and get      rid of bad habits and acquire good impressions.

Man      can improve his Sanskaras by true knowledge and defects can be rectified,      in this way the darkness of ignorance is removed.

Quest      # 59: What is called a mistake, crime and sin?

Answer:      The      mind’s forgetfulness is called a mistake, mind’s ignorance is called a      crime and mind’s weakness is called a sin.

Action      done because of the forgetfulness of the mind is called ” mistake      “, deeds done due to ignorance of the mind are called” crime “; and ” sins ” are those actions that are      a result of the weakness of the mind.

One should have      control over his mind otherwise sinful deeds will ruin his life.

Quest # 60: Does God forgive the sins      committed in ones full senses or in ignorance, or if repented?

Answer:      No! If God is to forgive the sins, His law of justice would be destroyed,      and all men would become most sinful. Knowing that their sins will be      forgiven, they will become fearless and will be greatly encouraged to      commit more sins, therefore, it is meant that God should give souls the      just fruits of their deeds and not to forgive their sins.

One      who has done anything in ignorance or purposely or in full senses, will      have to face the consequences. The fruits will be good if his actions are      good and results will be bad if the actions are bad; this is God’s      justice. In God’s justice one has to receive the fruits of his deeds, it is      certain in and cannot be changed or altered in any condition, whatsoever      it may be.

For      example: If purposely or ignorantly, someone’s hand is put in fire, what      will happen? Of course! Fire burns whatever is put in it so the hand will      get burnt. For every action there is a reaction, science also says the      same thing that “Action and      reaction are equal and opposite.”

Man      acts and God reacts or one can      understand it this way –one cannot escape the consequences of one’s      action even if the actions are done secretly. The fruits of all actions      have to be experienced by the doer i.e. the soul.

Of course, by      confession or repenting one improves him self and gets inspiration to      rectify himself, but once actions are performed its fruits will have to be      experienced in the form of good or bad — pleasure or pain — virtue or      evil.

Man rectifies      his mistakes only when he suffers and in the future he is more conscious      about his deeds. Million years have passed but people haven’t forgotten Ravana’s sin / mistake and they still burn his effigy every      year without fail to calm down their anger. Ravana (king of Lanka, in the Ramayana era) was a good philosopher of the four Vedas      but his attributes were opposite to his knowledge, one can understand by      this example that merely to study The      Vedas cannot do good if one cannot improve his deeds according to the      true knowledge.

God      is Benevolent Supreme and just.      No one can escape from the consequences of its actions either by thought,      word or deed. The doer gets the fruits of his actions. That is the eternal      law.

It      is written in manu Smriti that      by confession or repenting, sins can be forgiven and one can be free from      mental impurity:

“Prayo      naam tapah privatm chittam nishchaya uchyate,

Taponishchaya      samyuktam prayashchitamitati smritam.” (Manu. 11-47)

Confession is when one is certain and      pledged to perform all virtuous deeds hereafter.The      great sage Manu has shown the way “how to confess”: —

“Savitrim      cha japennityam pavitrani cham shaktitah,

Sarveshveva      vrateshvevam prayshchatarthamadritah.” (Manusmriti      11-225)

I.e.      he who wants to repent must repeat with his capability either the      Gayatri Mantra or those mantras that purify the mind. This is the best way      to confess and acquire all those attributes that are told in mantras to      purify his senses of thought, speech and action.

While      with repetition of the above said mantras, impurities of mind are washed      away and the soul becomes pure and by this means sins are removed by the      method of confession i.e. one has to be firm that in future he will not      commit any sin again. In this way one’s attributes will be changed and he      will not do those sinful acts.

“Kritva      papam hi santapya tasmat papat pramuchyate,

Naivam      kuryat punariti nivritya puyate tu sah.” (Manu 11-30)

Which      means when a sin is committed and he has confessed and pledged in his      mind, that he’ll never again do those sinful things, he becomes pure.

It      is to be kept in mind that even after death, one has to face the      consequences of his actions so it is advisable to think before doing or      saying anything and be sure that the laws of action and reaction are      eternal. Man acts and God      reacts.

Quest      # 61:It is said that God does everything      or makes us do everything, how far is it true?

Answer:      If God is the doer or make us      do anything, then He alone would be responsible for the consequences of      those actions. Why should we suffer to reap the fruits of actions? Those      who think like this are ignorant and doer of sinful acts.

Everyone must have observed at that very      moment feelings of fear, shame and distrust or Quest arise in the self      consciousness if the action is sinful and on the other hand feelings of      fearlessness, courage, and satisfaction or felicity spring up in the mind      from within, at that very moment when the act is God; these feelings are      promoted not by human soul, but by the Divine Spirit.

God      always warns us      but because of ignorance and impressions of past lives’ cumulative Sanskaras,      man does bad deed. . The soul is a free agent by nature hence it is called      “the doer”. It is an eternal law of the nature that the      consequences of all actions have to be experienced by the doer in his      lifetime or in his next births to come, but he (the doer) cannot escape      the fruits of his actions.

If      one believes that God is the      doer of everything, then that will be injustice, but God is Just. Even He cannot inspire anyone to do injustice, but He      punishes those who do injustice.

If      God is the doer of everything      or makes us to do everything, then why to worry and feel ashamed and      fearful while doing something wrong or unjust? Why to worship God      at all?

No!      No! God does not like or want      to make His eternal children suffer because of ignorance. On the contrary      He is all-blissful. One who performs glorification–prayer–communion to God      gets His grace and bliss.

The      main purpose of the Gayatri      Mantra is to acquire pure intellect, wisdom, for which one has to do      good deeds and be happy in his life. God      always gives inspiration for good and warns of bad actions, but it is man      who ignores His warning hence he has to face the consequences of his own      actions. The soul is a free agent and God      never interferes or obstructs one’s actions because He is Just and      Omniscient.

Quest      # 62: If we are to get the fruits of our actions in this world only, then      what is the necessity of God?

Answer:      If      some one feels that we get the fruits of our actions by itself in this      world, then why GOD has not      made all people equally in top positions? Someone takes birth in a rich      family and some one in a poor family, why so? If one gets the fruits of      his actions in systematical way by itself, then why are there so many      courts in this world, in every nation, in every city? Why are people not      getting proper justice of their deeds, why are they always upset, and      remember God in time of      difficulty. When we are in any difficult circumstances why do we remember God?      Why?The      only answer is that God is Great and Just. Just think with a cool mindand you’ll feel the same because we are really ignorant, that is why God      gives us justice and proper environment to reap the fruits of our actions,      no more no less, because He only, is just.

Sometimes      we do act with our mind, verbal, and corporeal, and then sometimes we      ourselves do not know actually what is it that we have done, but God      is Omniscient and always lives in the present, hence He knows and does not      forget anything. Suppose, if you are not getting the fruits of your deeds      now, don’t worry. God is always there to give you the fruits of your actions, sooner      or later, you will get the rewards according to your nature of actions,      because He knows better about when, where and how to give the fruits of      one’s actions. All souls are      with limited knowledge, so we have to believe in God      who is Just and All-pervading. He is the only witness of each and every of      our deeds because He lives within our soul. One should be aware that God      will not spare him from the fruits of whatever his acts –mental i.e.      through mind, verbal i.e. through its organs of speech, and corporeal i.e.      through his physical body, has to face the consequences of his actions      because fruits lie in the seeds itself.

What you sow so shall you reap. Once a person has done bad or good,      the results are never lost. The laws of Effect or Karma are equal for all.

Quest      # 63: When-where-how does an action bear its fruit?

Answer:      The Atharvaveda says in 10-10-30 –the      fruits of actions are under God’s      control. Our cumulative actions (Sanskaras)      are registered in our Chitta* [* Mind-Intellect-Chitta-Ego      these four combine is called inner-faculties or inner-consciousness or      Antah-Karan] and because of      these Sanskaras, God who      is our Great Lord has given us this present birth. One can have visions of      these cumulative actions in Samaadhi      i.e. the state of realization of God,      which is the last stage of Yoga.

When      four conditions, [e.g. place-time-cause-object] combine, the fruit of our      actions are ripe and spring out, because these fruits are hidden in its      actions.

The      Prakriti i.e. the matter, is      dead and inert, hence it can never create the environment for the fruits      of its actions. God influences      the nature, and we get the results of our efforts. Where, when, how all      these Quests are of no use to us, except God.      The subject of karma-Phal is      very deep and very difficult to understand by anyone except GOD.

Quest      # 64: Is there any proof in the Vedas that the fruits of our actions are      under the supervision of God?

Answer:     

“Vashaamevaamritamaahurvasham Mrityupaasate,Vashedam Sarvambhavad Devaa ManushyaaAsuraaha Pitara Rrishayah”.(Atharvaveda 10-10-26)

Which      mean — With God’s      Omnipotence, all living beings receive the fruits of their actions      accordingly i.e. bondage or      emancipation. Mystic and spiritual masters i.e. true yogis only experience      God’s potent, which is      All-pervading in the Universe.

The      fruits of one’s actions are under God’s      control. (Yajurveda: 7-48).

Quest      # 65: What are the theories of “Karma-Phal” i.e.      “the fruits of actions” and what are they?

Answer:      Perhaps the most accepted truth is that ” as you sow so shall you      reap”.      Once a person has performed his actions, bad or good, the results are      never lost. The law of Action, Effect or Karma is equal for all. “Action      and reaction are equal and opposite.” Time factor is always      there. It is not possible for one to get the fruits of any action at the      earliest, because every seed takes its own time to ripe its fruits. We      [the soul] are finite hence have limited knowledge and do not know the      exact time for the result of our actions.

As      stated earlier that Life-State,      Life-Period and Life-Experience (Jaati-Aayu-Bhog) are the parameters of our deeds. The moment man      acts [mentally, verbally or corporeal] he is fixed under the laws of      Divinity i.e. God decides and      makes the proper and suitable arrangements and creates environments for      the fruits for its actions. When, where and how no one knows except the      Benevolent Supreme God.

When four      conditions, [e.g. place-time-cause-object] combined exist, the fruit of      our actions are ripe and spring out, because these fruits are hidden in      its actions.

We      all are supplied with an important automatic instrument i.e. Chitta*      (commonly known as mind) in which all impressions of our past and present      lives are registered continuously. When our good deeds are more, life      becomes pleasant, and when bad deeds are more than good deeds, life will      be miserable.

[*Mind-Intellect-Chitta-Ego      these four combined are called inner-faculties or inner-consciousness      or Antah-Karan. One can      have visions of these cumulative actions in Samaadhi      i.e. the state of realization of God,      which is the last stage of Yoga.] [*The thinking apparatus is mind;      thinking, feeling, willing, memory, dreams and imaginations are various      facts of the mind, and these are to be co-ordinated in respect to what we      receive through our senses of cognition.]

The      time of death, the soul resides in God      with its subtle body in which all impressions i.e. Sanskaras      remains registered, and next birth is given accordingly as Jaati-Aayu-Bhog      by the divine power [GOD].      There are numerous races like man, animals, birds, insects etc. etc. God      only knows the Life-State, Life-Period and Life-Experience i.e. “Jati-Aayu-Bhog”of all souls.

[*      As said earlier that when an individual is born, the soul comes with a      subtle body, with its supragenetic code or “Jati-Aayu-Bhog”.Only human race is a free agent and rest all races are dependent in the      divine laws. Man has greater freedom of will than any other animal in the      creation.]

The      idea of good or evil, and of vice and virtue, is assigned to the extent      one is provided with freedom to will and work.

It      is again the freedom that imposes responsibility. Man alone is thus      responsible for his good or bad actions. The Quest of religions, morals      and ethics are applicable to him alone, and to no other species to this      extent.

The      average age of a man is nearly 100 years, If he lives his life according to the laws of nature, it can be      increased or decreased that depends upon one’s attitudes towards life. God      has provided all essential things for living being e.g. vegetables,      fruits, foods, herbals, etc. When good deeds exceed bad deeds it is      certain that the soul will get his next birth in the human race, and      result in animal races if the deeds are the reverse.

In      the Universe there are infinite worlds, in which exist many nations,      jungles, states, cities, villages, animals, birds, sea world, and man. It      is his Sanskaras that force him to take birth in king’s palace, poor man’s      hut, ordinary house, all depends upon his entire past. Someone is born      handsome/beautiful, fair, wheatish, black, tall, short, healthy, weak,      retarded, sick, etc. hence there is always one or other weakness or defect      or impurity in a man because of his entire past. What is received because      of one’s own cumulative actions is called “Fortune”,      “Luck”, and“Destiny”. Man is the builder of his fortune. What happens to      us directly or indirectly is the result of our action. We are responsible      for an action and it is we who have to face the consequences. The      consequences of all actions have to be experienced by the doer alone.

Quest      # 65 (A): Why do we expect fruits when we sow seeds?

Answer:      There is a nice biological answer. This is because fruits furnish seeds      and seeds come from the fruits and fruits come from the seeds; and the      chain goes on. Whether come seeds first or the fruits is a Quest that can      never be answered. It is a closed circular chain, each one preceding the      other. Why do we want to be rewarded when we do certain actions? The      answer is simple, because the reward would encourage us to take further      action. Action leads to rewards, and rewards to actions and it are      expected that the chain should never come to an end.

Of      course, actions are like seeds, which bear fruits. Fruits accompany      thorns. The actions reveal our innermost nature. Man is known by his      actions. Actions also transform one’s nature. Actions thus promote and      demote a man. And therefore, we are asked to be very cautious about our      actions.

All      of us intrinsically (on account of our infinitesimally) possess two      tendencies, i.e. good and evil;      you may as well call them desirable      and undesirable, or helpful      and unhelpful, Appreciatory and      Derogatory. The theism is based on the acceptance of a fundamental      principle; Whatever is God must be      encouraged and whatever is evil must be resisted.

This      encouragement comes through rewards,      and resistance through punishments,      the former gets manifested in what we call pleasure      and the latter in what we call pain.      Virtue and vice are other      terms for good and evil.

Rewards      and punishments are given by someone who is higher in rank to encourage      person to treat on the right path, and be safeguarded from being      distracted to a wrong one. This is known as the fruit of action. We are      the doers, whereas the fruit of our action comes from above, that is from      the Benevolent Supreme. We are free to act, but He is to judge our actions      and accordingly decide what is best for us.

Quest      # 66: What is time? How one can utilize it efficiently?

Answer:      Attributes      of time consists of a moment –millisecond–second –minute –hour –day      –night –week –fortnight –month –half year –year –century –era      –creation –dissolution –Pranta-kaal.

One      gets a jerk and awakens only when someone else’s life comes to an end, but      still he does not realize the importance of time, which is most powerful.      Each and every moment is precious and once it is gone, it never comes      back. There is a saying —“Time      and tide wait for none”.

{Time      is the key factor. Being organized is useless if you can’t meet deadlines.      The whole point in making a change is to improve the way an organization      functions.

Plan      and control your schedules with certain smoothness. Time-management      experts stress on Habit, Proper planning. Prioritizing Jobs and      Effectiveness. Be prepared to set goals, reduce your load and the garbage      on the table. You must always subtract and not to add to the list of      things on your table. You need to allocate time according to your work.

Organize      yourself:      *clear your desk of everything, but the project you are currently working      on. *Have a basket marked “in” which contains all the important      documents, and put it at a place where it won’t distract you. *Have a      visual area for creative thinking. *Don’t have your desk face the exit.      *Don’t have too many chairs in your office, it encourages people to sit      down. *At times, don’t do anything, Push tour chair away from the desk,      and think positive. *Always create a deadline. Remember that people cause      most interruption. Rule: Be firm. *Don’t let your impatience affect you.      *Cut down your impulse to socialize. *Talkativeness is a time waster.      Finally, remember you don’t have to be a genius to be an organized top      manager.

Man      is      here for some purpose i.e. to get Emancipation. If he is unable to achieve      his goal of life, he will be sorry for in the end. No one knows the last      moment of his lifetime is running so fast that no one can even see the      present, and the future becomes the past with the blinking of eyes. Time      cannot be stopped or caught or killed by anyone, but it is time that gulps      down the life of all living beings and still man does not awake from his      ignorance. He who has conquered time is called a wise person.

“Kaalo Ashvo Vahati Saptarashmihi      Sahastraaksho Ajaro Bhuriretaha, Tamaa      Rohanti Kavayo Vipashichatastasya Chakra Bhuvanaani Vishwaa” (Atharva      Veda 19-53-1)

Mantra      says: Time is very strong, very swift, all-pervading and illuminated like      the sun [in which seven rays spring out e.g. violet, indigo, blue, green,      orange, yellow and red.] Intelligent people flow with the tide, which      helps them to perform their duties and achieve their goal, in all      conditions. In other words intelligent people who know the precious value      of time do not waste their time and perform their duties well in time and      hence they are successful in life.

It      is advisable      not to waste time, do work hard, work for others, make your and other’s      life useful. Time is very strong. It is better to do something for our      betterment and acquire God’s      eternal bliss and be free from the bondage of birth and death. He, who has      understood time, has really understood the mystery of time.

[Inquisitive      readers who are interested in this subject should refer Atharva Veda      (chapter # 9, Sukta # 53, Mantras # 1 to 16) and(Sukta # 54, mantras # 1 to 5).]

Each      and every moment of time is precious and difficult to relive. Do enjoy      each and every moment. Forget the past and do not think of the future.      Always be in the present and do the best. He who understands time, time      goes with him, otherwise time runs away and the viewer is left behind. Be      hopeful which is the demand of the hour.

Quest      # 67: When did “time” come into existence?

Answer:      Time      functions along with the creation of the Universe. It also functions with      the existence of incidents. If there is no incident, there will be no      usage of time.

When      the combined state of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas is disturbed and the wheel      of incidents start rotating, time is said to be in function meaning time      comes into existence.

The      basic cause of the Universe i.e. the Prakriti is motionless and with the influence of Divine power [GOD]      it turns into Srishti by the creation of the first atom, which rotates in its      epicenter—with this incident the count down of time begins. At this      stage God decides the time for      creation and dissolution of the Universe. The wheel of time starts      rotating from here and hence time functions. This incident was the same as      it was in the past.

“Rritam      Cha Satyam Chaabheedhaatapasodhyayajaayata,

Tato      Raatrajaayata tatah samudroArnavah”. (Rigveda 10-190-1)

“Samudraadarnavaadadhi      SanwatsaroAjaayata,< is      just and the holiest (Yajurveda      23-3), who creates the bodies of all living beings.

The      soul is continuously chained down to this wheel of birth and death till by      the practice of the highest virtue and complete absorption into Divine      contemplation and the acquisition of the highest knowledge, it obtains      Emancipation. By the practice of deeds of the highest virtue, etc. It is      born as a good and great personage among men; and being freed from births      and deaths and the consequent pain and suffering, it enjoys perfect bliss      in Emancipation till the end of the Grand-Dissolution.

Quest      # 56: How can death be granted death?

Answer:      “Brahmchryena tapasa deva mrityumupaghnata” which means: —One who is a true yogi, a true spiritual teacher, a disciplined noble      person and one who always thinks of God,      only enjoys His bliss and conquers death, in other words those who follow      the instructions of their spiritual masters can reach the state of death      daily while living in this world, for this, one should live a renounced      life

“Vaidahamaitam      purusham mahantamadityavarnam tapasah parastat Tameva viditvati mrityumeti nanyah panthya      vidyateAyanaya” (Yajurveda 31/18)

That is the Answer to this Quest; for which      the soul receives many bodies. Death is the greatest unsolved mystery on      earth. Even the scientists are trying hard to solve this problem.

Yes!      It is death from which all creatures run helter-skelter to try and get rid      of, for they do not want to face it and try to find some way to leave it      behind them. All fear from death by just looking at it, be it a genius or      a fool –a child or an old person –poor or rich –a beggar or a king —a      demon or a virtuous man –everyone finds his/her own way to conquer death.      Everyone wants to be eternal and that is the purpose of human life.

“If man wants to enjoy the pleasure of      all worlds, he should know the Supreme Soul, who is self-illuminated,      All-blissful, away from any kinds of impurities and always lives in the      present, then he shall be separated from the sea of pain. This is the only      way to be free from the bondage of birth and death and there is no other      way for Emancipation.”

There      is no other way to conquer death other than to know God.

Quest      # 57: Why doesNescience arise? What are the      causes of ignorance?

Answer:      “Indriyadoshaatsanskaara Doshaachchaavidyaa” Vaisheshika      Darshana” (9-1-10)      which means that defects of the sense organs and defect of Sanskaras      are the causes of ignorance. If there is any disorder in the sense organs,      the knowledge remains incomplete and defected. If there are impurities of      the past impressions, the thing what is put in it, becomes impure too! So      until and unless the defected sense organs are not rectified and the      impure impressions purified, these ignorance will remain like darkness in      man’s life.

Quest      # 58: How should defected impressions be corrected and dispelled?

Answer:      The defected impressions of the past, which exists in man, should be burnt      out. If there are no defected impressions –hence no ignorance will exist.      (No defected impressions–No ignorance) Repetition of Vedic mantras,      stability in virtuous duties and study of the Vedic literature; and      self-examination, by these means one can get rid of all the defected and      impure impressions of the past.

1)Japa or Repetition of the Vedic      mantras: To recite and repeat God’s name with meaning, to acquire the attributes of the Supreme      Soul, in daily life style to improve attitudes towards life. Try to repeat      and practice the same.

2)Tapa or Stability in virtuous      duties: If any kind of hurdles come in the repetition of God’s      name and in the way of virtuous deeds, one should not give up or hesitate.      He should try to be stable and have courage, make no compromises in      rituals, no compromise with the truth, only to obey God’s      commandments (to go by Vedic way), to acquire God’s      attributes, all these combined are called “Tapa.

3)Swaadhyaya or Study: To      study the Vedic literature is called “Swaadhyaya”, because The      Vedas are the pillars of Virtue i.e. Dharma. The      great sage Maharishi Vyasa has explained the meaning of word      “Swaadhyaya” in Yoga      Darshana Swaadhyaya      Pranavaadipavitraanaam japah mokshaastraadhyayanam vaa” (Yoga      2/1 and 2/32). Repetition      of God’s personal and only      name “OM” and to      study The Vedas, Darshana      (philosophies of the Vedic literature) and Upanishad (how to communicate God with certainly) are called Swaadhyaya. In this way      virtuous attributes are born and knowledge is increased. And when man      acquires knowledge, he wants to perform actions.

Swa+Adhyaya      = Swaadhyaya i.e. self +      examination i.e. to examine own self at night for all that he has done      during the entire day, in this way our tomorrow will be better than today      by viewing our wrong attitudes and correcting them.

Human      soul is the knower of right and wrong —(Light of Truth –by Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati)

Every      one knows his personal good and bad habits. Self-examination is the best      solution to rectify one’s bad habits in order to improve ones life style.

“Vedopakarane chaiva swaadhyaye chaiva naityake, NanurodhoAstyanadhyayehomamantreshu chaiva hi.”(Manu      Smriti)

The      great sage Maharishi Manu Maharaja      has said, “One should not waste even a day in not studying the      Vedas and self-examination plus performing Yajna.      These actions are to be performed daily without fail and not be      avoided under any circumstances.

(*Most      people pronounce the word “Yajna” as “Yagna” which is absolutely      wrong, the correct pronunciation is ‘Yajna’),“Mimeehi shlokamasye parjanyaeive tattanah,Gaya      gayatramukthyam” (Rigveda      1-38-14)

Means      one can change his lifestyle by Japa, Tapa      and Swaadhyaya and get      rid of bad habits and acquire good impressions.

Man      can improve his Sanskaras by true knowledge and defects can be rectified,      in this way the darkness of ignorance is removed.

Quest      # 59: What is called a mistake, crime and sin?

Answer:      The      mind’s forgetfulness is called a mistake, mind’s ignorance is called a      crime and mind’s weakness is called a sin.

Action      done because of the forgetfulness of the mind is called ” mistake      “, deeds done due to ignorance of the mind are called” crime “; and ” sins ” are those actions that are      a result of the weakness of the mind.

One should have      control over his mind otherwise sinful deeds will ruin his life.

Quest # 60: Does God forgive the sins      committed in ones full senses or in ignorance, or if repented?

Answer:      No! If God is to forgive the sins, His law of justice would be destroyed,      and all men would become most sinful. Knowing that their sins will be      forgiven, they will become fearless and will be greatly encouraged to      commit more sins, therefore, it is meant that God should give souls the      just fruits of their deeds and not to forgive their sins.

One      who has done anything in ignorance or purposely or in full senses, will      have to face the consequences. The fruits will be good if his actions are      good and results will be bad if the actions are bad; this is God’s      justice. In God’s justice one has to receive the fruits of his deeds, it is      certain in and cannot be changed or altered in any condition, whatsoever      it may be.

For      example: If purposely or ignorantly, someone’s hand is put in fire, what      will happen? Of course! Fire burns whatever is put in it so the hand will      get burnt. For every action there is a reaction, science also says the      same thing that “Action and      reaction are equal and opposite.”

Man      acts and God reacts or one can      understand it this way –one cannot escape the consequences of one’s      action even if the actions are done secretly. The fruits of all actions      have to be experienced by the doer i.e. the soul.

Of course, by      confession or repenting one improves him self and gets inspiration to      rectify himself, but once actions are performed its fruits will have to be      experienced in the form of good or bad — pleasure or pain — virtue or      evil.

Man rectifies      his mistakes only when he suffers and in the future he is more conscious      about his deeds. Million years have passed but people haven’t forgotten Ravana’s sin / mistake and they still burn his effigy every      year without fail to calm down their anger. Ravana (king of Lanka, in the Ramayana era) was a good philosopher of the four Vedas      but his attributes were opposite to his knowledge, one can understand by      this example that merely to study The      Vedas cannot do good if one cannot improve his deeds according to the      true knowledge.

God      is Benevolent Supreme and just.      No one can escape from the consequences of its actions either by thought,      word or deed. The doer gets the fruits of his actions. That is the eternal      law.

It      is written in manu Smriti that      by confession or repenting, sins can be forgiven and one can be free from      mental impurity:

“Prayo      naam tapah privatm chittam nishchaya uchyate,

Taponishchaya      samyuktam prayashchitamitati smritam.” (Manu. 11-47)

Confession is when one is certain and      pledged to perform all virtuous deeds hereafter.The      great sage Manu has shown the way “how to confess”: —

“Savitrim      cha japennityam pavitrani cham shaktitah,

Sarveshveva      vrateshvevam prayshchatarthamadritah.” (Manusmriti      11-225)

I.e.      he who wants to repent must repeat with his capability either the      Gayatri Mantra or those mantras that purify the mind. This is the best way      to confess and acquire all those attributes that are told in mantras to      purify his senses of thought, speech and action.

While      with repetition of the above said mantras, impurities of mind are washed      away and the soul becomes pure and by this means sins are removed by the      method of confession i.e. one has to be firm that in future he will not      commit any sin again. In this way one’s attributes will be changed and he      will not do those sinful acts.

“Kritva      papam hi santapya tasmat papat pramuchyate,

Naivam      kuryat punariti nivritya puyate tu sah.” (Manu 11-30)

Which      means when a sin is committed and he has confessed and pledged in his      mind, that he’ll never again do those sinful things, he becomes pure.

It      is to be kept in mind that even after death, one has to face the      consequences of his actions so it is advisable to think before doing or      saying anything and be sure that the laws of action and reaction are      eternal. Man acts and God      reacts.

Quest      # 61:It is said that God does everything      or makes us do everything, how far is it true?

Answer:      If God is the doer or make us      do anything, then He alone would be responsible for the consequences of      those actions. Why should we suffer to reap the fruits of actions? Those      who think like this are ignorant and doer of sinful acts.

Everyone must have observed at that very      moment feelings of fear, shame and distrust or Quest arise in the self      consciousness if the action is sinful and on the other hand feelings of      fearlessness, courage, and satisfaction or felicity spring up in the mind      from within, at that very moment when the act is God; these feelings are      promoted not by human soul, but by the Divine Spirit.

God      always warns us      but because of ignorance and impressions of past lives’ cumulative Sanskaras,      man does bad deed. . The soul is a free agent by nature hence it is called      “the doer”. It is an eternal law of the nature that the      consequences of all actions have to be experienced by the doer in his      lifetime or in his next births to come, but he (the doer) cannot escape      the fruits of his actions.

If      one believes that God is the      doer of everything, then that will be injustice, but God is Just. Even He cannot inspire anyone to do injustice, but He      punishes those who do injustice.

If      God is the doer of everything      or makes us to do everything, then why to worry and feel ashamed and      fearful while doing something wrong or unjust? Why to worship God      at all?

No!      No! God does not like or want      to make His eternal children suffer because of ignorance. On the contrary      He is all-blissful. One who performs glorification–prayer–communion to God      gets His grace and bliss.

The      main purpose of the Gayatri      Mantra is to acquire pure intellect, wisdom, for which one has to do      good deeds and be happy in his life. God      always gives inspiration for good and warns of bad actions, but it is man      who ignores His warning hence he has to face the consequences of his own      actions. The soul is a free agent and God      never interferes or obstructs one’s actions because He is Just and      Omniscient.

Quest      # 62: If we are to get the fruits of our actions in this world only, then      what is the necessity of God?

Answer:      If      some one feels that we get the fruits of our actions by itself in this      world, then why GOD has not      made all people equally in top positions? Someone takes birth in a rich      family and some one in a poor family, why so? If one gets the fruits of      his actions in systematical way by itself, then why are there so many      courts in this world, in every nation, in every city? Why are people not      getting proper justice of their deeds, why are they always upset, and      remember God in time of      difficulty. When we are in any difficult circumstances why do we remember God?      Why?The      only answer is that God is Great and Just. Just think with a cool mindand you’ll feel the same because we are really ignorant, that is why God      gives us justice and proper environment to reap the fruits of our actions,      no more no less, because He only, is just.

Sometimes      we do act with our mind, verbal, and corporeal, and then sometimes we      ourselves do not know actually what is it that we have done, but God      is Omniscient and always lives in the present, hence He knows and does not      forget anything. Suppose, if you are not getting the fruits of your deeds      now, don’t worry. God is always there to give you the fruits of your actions, sooner      or later, you will get the rewards according to your nature of actions,      because He knows better about when, where and how to give the fruits of      one’s actions. All souls are      with limited knowledge, so we have to believe in God      who is Just and All-pervading. He is the only witness of each and every of      our deeds because He lives within our soul. One should be aware that God      will not spare him from the fruits of whatever his acts –mental i.e.      through mind, verbal i.e. through its organs of speech, and corporeal i.e.      through his physical body, has to face the consequences of his actions      because fruits lie in the seeds itself.

What you sow so shall you reap. Once a person has done bad or good,      the results are never lost. The laws of Effect or Karma are equal for all.

Quest      # 63: When-where-how does an action bear its fruit?

Answer:      The Atharvaveda says in 10-10-30 –the      fruits of actions are under God’s      control. Our cumulative actions (Sanskaras)      are registered in our Chitta* [* Mind-Intellect-Chitta-Ego      these four combine is called inner-faculties or inner-consciousness or      Antah-Karan] and because of      these Sanskaras, God who      is our Great Lord has given us this present birth. One can have visions of      these cumulative actions in Samaadhi      i.e. the state of realization of God,      which is the last stage of Yoga.

When      four conditions, [e.g. place-time-cause-object] combine, the fruit of our      actions are ripe and spring out, because these fruits are hidden in its      actions.

The      Prakriti i.e. the matter, is      dead and inert, hence it can never create the environment for the fruits      of its actions. God influences      the nature, and we get the results of our efforts. Where, when, how all      these Quests are of no use to us, except God.      The subject of karma-Phal is      very deep and very difficult to understand by anyone except GOD.

Quest      # 64: Is there any proof in the Vedas that the fruits of our actions are      under the supervision of God?

Answer:     

“Vashaamevaamritamaahurvasham Mrityupaasate,Vashedam Sarvambhavad Devaa ManushyaaAsuraaha Pitara Rrishayah”.(Atharvaveda 10-10-26)

Which      mean — With God’s      Omnipotence, all living beings receive the fruits of their actions      accordingly i.e. bondage or      emancipation. Mystic and spiritual masters i.e. true yogis only experience      God’s potent, which is      All-pervading in the Universe.

The      fruits of one’s actions are under God’s      control. (Yajurveda: 7-48).

Quest      # 65: What are the theories of “Karma-Phal” i.e.      “the fruits of actions” and what are they?

Answer:      Perhaps the most accepted truth is that ” as you sow so shall you      reap”.      Once a person has performed his actions, bad or good, the results are      never lost. The law of Action, Effect or Karma is equal for all. “Action      and reaction are equal and opposite.” Time factor is always      there. It is not possible for one to get the fruits of any action at the      earliest, because every seed takes its own time to ripe its fruits. We      [the soul] are finite hence have limited knowledge and do not know the      exact time for the result of our actions.

As      stated earlier that Life-State,      Life-Period and Life-Experience (Jaati-Aayu-Bhog) are the parameters of our deeds. The moment man      acts [mentally, verbally or corporeal] he is fixed under the laws of      Divinity i.e. God decides and      makes the proper and suitable arrangements and creates environments for      the fruits for its actions. When, where and how no one knows except the      Benevolent Supreme God.

When four      conditions, [e.g. place-time-cause-object] combined exist, the fruit of      our actions are ripe and spring out, because these fruits are hidden in      its actions.

We      all are supplied with an important automatic instrument i.e. Chitta*      (commonly known as mind) in which all impressions of our past and present      lives are registered continuously. When our good deeds are more, life      becomes pleasant, and when bad deeds are more than good deeds, life will      be miserable.

[*Mind-Intellect-Chitta-Ego      these four combined are called inner-faculties or inner-consciousness      or Antah-Karan. One can      have visions of these cumulative actions in Samaadhi      i.e. the state of realization of God,      which is the last stage of Yoga.] [*The thinking apparatus is mind;      thinking, feeling, willing, memory, dreams and imaginations are various      facts of the mind, and these are to be co-ordinated in respect to what we      receive through our senses of cognition.]

The      time of death, the soul resides in God      with its subtle body in which all impressions i.e. Sanskaras      remains registered, and next birth is given accordingly as Jaati-Aayu-Bhog      by the divine power [GOD].      There are numerous races like man, animals, birds, insects etc. etc. God      only knows the Life-State, Life-Period and Life-Experience i.e. “Jati-Aayu-Bhog”of all souls.

[*      As said earlier that when an individual is born, the soul comes with a      subtle body, with its supragenetic code or “Jati-Aayu-Bhog”.Only human race is a free agent and rest all races are dependent in the      divine laws. Man has greater freedom of will than any other animal in the      creation.]

The      idea of good or evil, and of vice and virtue, is assigned to the extent      one is provided with freedom to will and work.

It      is again the freedom that imposes responsibility. Man alone is thus      responsible for his good or bad actions. The Quest of religions, morals      and ethics are applicable to him alone, and to no other species to this      extent.

The      average age of a man is nearly 100 years, If he lives his life according to the laws of nature, it can be      increased or decreased that depends upon one’s attitudes towards life. God      has provided all essential things for living being e.g. vegetables,      fruits, foods, herbals, etc. When good deeds exceed bad deeds it is      certain that the soul will get his next birth in the human race, and      result in animal races if the deeds are the reverse.

In      the Universe there are infinite worlds, in which exist many nations,      jungles, states, cities, villages, animals, birds, sea world, and man. It      is his Sanskaras that force him to take birth in king’s palace, poor man’s      hut, ordinary house, all depends upon his entire past. Someone is born      handsome/beautiful, fair, wheatish, black, tall, short, healthy, weak,      retarded, sick, etc. hence there is always one or other weakness or defect      or impurity in a man because of his entire past. What is received because      of one’s own cumulative actions is called “Fortune”,      “Luck”, and“Destiny”. Man is the builder of his fortune. What happens to      us directly or indirectly is the result of our action. We are responsible      for an action and it is we who have to face the consequences. The      consequences of all actions have to be experienced by the doer alone.

Quest      # 65 (A): Why do we expect fruits when we sow seeds?

Answer:      There is a nice biological answer. This is because fruits furnish seeds      and seeds come from the fruits and fruits come from the seeds; and the      chain goes on. Whether come seeds first or the fruits is a Quest that can      never be answered. It is a closed circular chain, each one preceding the      other. Why do we want to be rewarded when we do certain actions? The      answer is simple, because the reward would encourage us to take further      action. Action leads to rewards, and rewards to actions and it are      expected that the chain should never come to an end.

Of      course, actions are like seeds, which bear fruits. Fruits accompany      thorns. The actions reveal our innermost nature. Man is known by his      actions. Actions also transform one’s nature. Actions thus promote and      demote a man. And therefore, we are asked to be very cautious about our      actions.

All      of us intrinsically (on account of our infinitesimally) possess two      tendencies, i.e. good and evil;      you may as well call them desirable      and undesirable, or helpful      and unhelpful, Appreciatory and      Derogatory. The theism is based on the acceptance of a fundamental      principle; Whatever is God must be      encouraged and whatever is evil must be resisted.

This      encouragement comes through rewards,      and resistance through punishments,      the former gets manifested in what we call pleasure      and the latter in what we call pain.      Virtue and vice are other      terms for good and evil.

Rewards      and punishments are given by someone who is higher in rank to encourage      person to treat on the right path, and be safeguarded from being      distracted to a wrong one. This is known as the fruit of action. We are      the doers, whereas the fruit of our action comes from above, that is from      the Benevolent Supreme. We are free to act, but He is to judge our actions      and accordingly decide what is best for us.

Quest      # 66: What is time? How one can utilize it efficiently?

Answer:      Attributes      of time consists of a moment –millisecond–second –minute –hour –day      –night –week –fortnight –month –half year –year –century –era      –creation –dissolution –Pranta-kaal.

One      gets a jerk and awakens only when someone else’s life comes to an end, but      still he does not realize the importance of time, which is most powerful.      Each and every moment is precious and once it is gone, it never comes      back. There is a saying —“Time      and tide wait for none”.

{Time      is the key factor. Being organized is useless if you can’t meet deadlines.      The whole point in making a change is to improve the way an organization      functions.

Plan      and control your schedules with certain smoothness. Time-management      experts stress on Habit, Proper planning. Prioritizing Jobs and      Effectiveness. Be prepared to set goals, reduce your load and the garbage      on the table. You must always subtract and not to add to the list of      things on your table. You need to allocate time according to your work.

Organize      yourself:      *clear your desk of everything, but the project you are currently working      on. *Have a basket marked “in” which contains all the important      documents, and put it at a place where it won’t distract you. *Have a      visual area for creative thinking. *Don’t have your desk face the exit.      *Don’t have too many chairs in your office, it encourages people to sit      down. *At times, don’t do anything, Push tour chair away from the desk,      and think positive. *Always create a deadline. Remember that people cause      most interruption. Rule: Be firm. *Don’t let your impatience affect you.      *Cut down your impulse to socialize. *Talkativeness is a time waster.      Finally, remember you don’t have to be a genius to be an organized top      manager.

Man      is      here for some purpose i.e. to get Emancipation. If he is unable to achieve      his goal of life, he will be sorry for in the end. No one knows the last      moment of his lifetime is running so fast that no one can even see the      present, and the future becomes the past with the blinking of eyes. Time      cannot be stopped or caught or killed by anyone, but it is time that gulps      down the life of all living beings and still man does not awake from his      ignorance. He who has conquered time is called a wise person.

“Kaalo Ashvo Vahati Saptarashmihi      Sahastraaksho Ajaro Bhuriretaha, Tamaa      Rohanti Kavayo Vipashichatastasya Chakra Bhuvanaani Vishwaa” (Atharva      Veda 19-53-1)

Mantra      says: Time is very strong, very swift, all-pervading and illuminated like      the sun [in which seven rays spring out e.g. violet, indigo, blue, green,      orange, yellow and red.] Intelligent people flow with the tide, which      helps them to perform their duties and achieve their goal, in all      conditions. In other words intelligent people who know the precious value      of time do not waste their time and perform their duties well in time and      hence they are successful in life.

It      is advisable      not to waste time, do work hard, work for others, make your and other’s      life useful. Time is very strong. It is better to do something for our      betterment and acquire God’s      eternal bliss and be free from the bondage of birth and death. He, who has      understood time, has really understood the mystery of time.

[Inquisitive      readers who are interested in this subject should refer Atharva Veda      (chapter # 9, Sukta # 53, Mantras # 1 to 16) and(Sukta # 54, mantras # 1 to 5).]

Each      and every moment of time is precious and difficult to relive. Do enjoy      each and every moment. Forget the past and do not think of the future.      Always be in the present and do the best. He who understands time, time      goes with him, otherwise time runs away and the viewer is left behind. Be      hopeful which is the demand of the hour.

Quest      # 67: When did “time” come into existence?

Answer:      Time      functions along with the creation of the Universe. It also functions with      the existence of incidents. If there is no incident, there will be no      usage of time.

When      the combined state of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas is disturbed and the wheel      of incidents start rotating, time is said to be in function meaning time      comes into existence.

The      basic cause of the Universe i.e. the Prakriti is motionless and with the influence of Divine power [GOD]      it turns into Srishti by the creation of the first atom, which rotates in its      epicenter—with this incident the count down of time begins. At this      stage God decides the time for      creation and dissolution of the Universe. The wheel of time starts      rotating from here and hence time functions. This incident was the same as      it was in the past.

“Rritam      Cha Satyam Chaabheedhaatapasodhyayajaayata,

Tato      Raatrajaayata tatah samudroArnavah”. (Rigveda 10-190-1)

“Samudraadarnavaadadhi      SanwatsaroAjaayata,

Ahoraatraani      VidadhadhviWishvasya Mishato Vashee”. (Rigveda 10-190-2)

In      these two above-written mantras, there are many mysterious and scientific      truths, which are the subject of discovery.

There      exist three eternal entities —God,      Matter and an infinite number of infinitesimal souls. Apart from these      three, whatever is seen or unseens are created things and it is certain      that what is created will be dissolved in its cause. Time was in existence      before the creation of the Universe but its function was not there.

“Time      is beginning-less due to the flow of events” hence it has no      existence of its own, that is why the great sage of our modern Era Swami      Dayanand Saraswati [founder of Arya Samaj] has said that “time is      beginning-less and endless”.

Quest      # 68: What is the difference between ether and space?

Answer:      Very      interesting Quest indeed! Mostly people cannot differentiate between ether      (sky) and space. There are five gross elements e.g.      earth, water, fire, air and ether. The earth is grosser than water and      water is grosser than fire and so on. Ether is the subtlest element in      these five gross elements. The thing that is very subtle (Sukshma)      cannot be seen with these eyes. Earth, water and fire can be seen but air      and ether are so subtle that they are not visible.

[Fire      is also subtle but it is visualized when the minute substances burn      because of heat and they illuminate. The illumination that we see is not      actually fire; it is the vision or subtle element of fire. Vision is the      cause of its effort, fire. Everything is visualized because of the subtle      element called “vision”. (Vaisheshika      Darshana 2-1-3)]

There      is a boundary of gross substances they acquire place to exist, in the same      way ether being a gross element has its boundary. The boundary of ether      exists unto where the gravitational force of the earth exists or you can      say unto the length of the existence of air element.

The      attribute of ether is sound. (The gross element ether is created      from its subtle element sound.)

One cannot hear the sound where there is no      air or beyond the limit of ether. The sound vibrates only in ether.

The      area beyond ether is called “space. In space no sound vibrates      because of absence of air. In this vast universe there are heavenly bodies      like galaxies, suns, stars, planets, satellites etc. and all have their      own gravitational force. The vacuum between the gravitational force of all      these heavenly bodies is called “space.”And all these heavenly bodies stay in space.

When      scientist send a rocket or a spacecraft into space for some scientific      experiments. And when the spacecraft returns from space to earth’s      gravity, its body stars burning because of friction. At that time the      scientist on the ground become sure that the spacecraft has entered in the      limit of earth’s gravity or in the atmosphere.

Earth,      water, fire and air stay in the sky (ether) and all these five gross      elements stay in the space.

Now      we see from the scientific point of view, the difference between ether      (sky) and space. There      is a vast difference between space and ether .The attribute of space is to      provide or to give place. Philosophers say that attribute of ether is      “sound.” And science says that sound travels from one place to      another by motion waves. Hence ether is not vacuum, it is a gross element      whose attribute is to create motion waves.

In      the Vedic theory, which is ancient and proved to be, right say that space      is all-pervading.

In      the year 1929 AD British scientist professor Dirac      had announced an all-pervading element i.e. which he named as “antiparticles”      or “extra-ordinary electron” This element is called as “Dirac      Ocean”.

[The      Dirac Ocean is uniformly distributed on all sides and extends into      infinity in all directions. The particles constituting the ocean have      negative inertial mass. If one of the particles is absent leaving a hole      in the ocean, this hole represents lack of negative charge and is      equivalent to a positive charge and a positive mass. The holes in the      Dirac Ocean behave as ordinary particle carrying a positive electron      charge and a positive mass. These are known as anti-electrons or positrons.]      The theory of Professor Dirac is approved to be right in the science      world. [Inquisitive readers can      study the subject in this mantra —(Rigveda 1-24-8)]

Vaisheshika      Shastra believes in nine elements      in which except the soul and the mind, rest other seven elements are the      cause of the material world. These seven elements are —1) earth, 2)      water, 3) fire, 4) air, 5) ether, 6) dik i.e. directions and 7) time. This      philosophy is called Vaisheshika because of these two extra elements dik (direction or      space) and time otherwise rest five Darshana      are believed only in five elements.

Ether is one of the five gross elements      (earth–water–fire–air–ether) and vacuum place is called space. All      five gross elements live in space.

Quest      # 69: How many devtas* [deities] are there in the Universe?

Answer:      [*the      orthodox pundits and European scholars erroneously translate the word “Devataa”into God. Late Pandit Guru Dutt      Vidyarthi, M.A, has translated the word “Devataa” according to the      Nirukta (vii, 15) as follows:– “Whatsoever or whosoever, is      capable of conferring some advantage upon us, capable of illuminating      thing or capable of explaining things to us, and last of all, the Light of      all lights –those are the fit subjects to be called Devataa.]

Maharishi      Dayanand Saraswati has written in his immortal book “Satyarth      Prakash” i.e.      “Light Of Truth” —“Whatsoever or whosoever possesses      useful and brilliant qualities is called a Devataa, as the earth for      instance; but it is no-where said that it is God      or the object of our adoration. Even in mantra (Rigveda      1-164-39) it is said that He, who is the sustainer of all the Devataa,      is the adorable God, and is      worthy of being sought after. They are greatly mistaken who take the word      Devataa to mean God.”

There      are thirty-three Devataa or prominent demigods described in the      Vedas. The greatest of all Devataa is God      that is why He is called the      greatest Devataa of all Devataa —Mahadevaa.

“yasya      Trayastrinshad Devaa Ange Sarve Samaahitaa,

Skamma      Tam Bruhi Katamah Swideva Sah”. (Atharva Veda 10-7-13)

Which      means: with God’s influence,these thirty-three demigods      sustain the world. They are —8-Vasu, 11-Rudra, and 12-Aaditya, 1-Indra      and 1-Prajaapati.

8      Vasus—earth, water, fire, air, ether, moon, sun, and star. They are called Vasus,      because they are abode of all that lives, moves or exists.

11Rudras —the ten Pranas (Praana–Apaana–Vyaana–Samaana–Udaana–Naag–Kurma–Krikal–Devadutta      and Dhananjaya) —nervauric forces —enliving the human body and the      eleventh is the human spirit. These are called Rudras because when they      desert the body, it becomes dead and the relations of the deceased,      consequently, begin to weep.

12Adityaas —the twelve months      of a year called Adityaas, as they cause the lapse of the term of      existence of each object or being.

1the (all-pervading) electricity is      called Indra, as it is productive of great force.

1      Yajna is called Prajaapati      because it benefits mankind by the purification of air, water, rain and      vegetables and because it aids the development of various arts, and in it      the honor is accorded to the learned and the wise.

·“Trayaa      Devaa Ekaadasha——Devaa Devairantu Maa” (Yajurveda 20/11)

·“Yasya      Trayastrishaddevaa—–Brahavido Viduhu” (Atharvaveda 10-7-27)

·“Trayastrishddevataastreeni—–Krinavad      Veeryaani” (Atharvaveda 19-27-10)

·“Yasya      Trayastinshad Devaa—–Swideva Sah” (Atharvaveda 10-7-13)

·“Yasya Trayastinshad Devaa—–Devaa      Abhiyakshaya” (Rigveda 10-7-27)

·“Ye Trinshati Trayasparo      Devaaso Bahirraasadan”(Rigveda      8-28-1)

·“Ye Stha Trayashcha      Trinshacch”(Rigveda      8-30-2)

·“Vishve      Devaastraya Ekaadashah” (Rigveda 9-92-4)

·“Girvana      Trayastrinshatamaa Vahaa” (Rigveda 1-45-2)

·“Patneevatastrishatam      Treenshcha Devaan”(Rigveda      3-6-9)

All      the above said Vedic mantras say that there are 33* Devataas [*Not 330      million as Hindus believe. Because there is no any proof] by virtue of      possessing useful and brilliant properties and qualities. Being Lord of      all and greater than all, the Supreme Being “GOD” is called the      thirty-fourth Devataa who alone is to be worshipped.

Quest      # 70: What are called “Siddhis” (psychic powers) and which is      the best “Siddhi” of yoga?

Answer:      What      is achieved or acquired is called a Siddhi.      It is possible to get any material thing by hard work, but to acquire the      true spiritual knowledge of soul and Super Soul; it is extremely essential      for one to practice Yoga. Without practicing Yoga one cannot experience the soul and God. To receive, acquire, achieve and to get anything one should      have proper knowledge of that thing, then proper action and lastly he      should be present where the thing is available respectively.

The      Super most entity i.e. God can      be acquired* by holy knowledge, holy action and Holy Communion which is      possible only by practicing Yoga.

[*      Here the meaning of to acquire is to realize God’s      bliss. God is not a material      thing that can be acquired; it is a holy bliss, which can be experienced      only by the soul with a clean mind.]

The      best Siddhi in the practice of Yoga      is ” the realization of God’s      bliss ” which is possible only with a pure mind.

There      are eight steps or divisions of Yoga i.e. YamaNiyamAasanPranaayaamPratyaahaarDharnaaDhyaan      and Samaadhi. It is said that a true Yogi acquires eight kinds      of “Siddhis” (psychic      powers) or “achievements”, which are ArimaaLaghimaaMahimaaPraaptiPrakamyaVashitva–Ishitva      and Kamvasayitva.

It      should be borne in mind that these acquisition are acquired by the mind      and one should not give importance to these Siddhis but to God’s      acquisition, which is the prime object (Goal) of man’s life. These      achievements are not considered as miracles but Yogic-Siddhis.

To      achieve anything is called a “Siddhi”. What is achieved in Yoga      is called psychic powers or Siddhi.

Quest # 71: The best “Siddhi”      of Yoga is “To experience God’s bliss”, then why should one      desire salvation in which too one gets a similar bliss of God.

Answer:      It      is worthy to achieve Emancipation because one cannot always attain the      state of Samaadhi i.e. the realization of God’s      bliss, in his life. There exists increment (attachments) and decrement      (detachment) in man’s mind, and when attachment is increased man’s      attitudes goes out towards nature’s passions, and when detachment is      increased he is attracted towards spiritual world and achieves the state      of Samaadhi in which he enjoys God’s      bliss. Mind is not stable, it always flickers because it is difficult to      have control over it. The state of Emancipation stays for Parant-kaal,      i.e. the period of creation and dissolution for 36000 times and the      emancipated soul experiences uninterrupted happiness and true knowledge of      God.

So      readers must think what is better –Yoga for short period or the Bliss      of God for a long time of      Emancipation i.e. 31,10,40,00,00,00,000      years.

Quest      # 72: In the state of “Moksha” i.e. “Salvation” or      “Emancipation”, does the soul become like God? Is it absorbed      into God? How is the bliss of God experienced?

Answer: In the state of Salvation or      Emancipation i.e. Moksha, the soul remains in its own personified state      and keeps its own individuality and it is not absorbed into God.

The      soul retains its innate powers, activities and attributes but no physical      body. The soul, even when emancipated remains finite in knowledge, though      pure in nature. Its attributes, powers and activity, all remain finite. It      can, therefore, never be God.

“It      retains its separate individuality, for should it get absorbed into the      Divine Spirit, who would then enjoy the bliss of emancipation. Besides,      all the hardships borne, all the efforts made and all the means employed      to obtain Emancipation would become useless. Absorption of the soul into      the Divine Spirit is not Emancipation but its death or annihilation. It is      only the soul that obeys the Will of God,      follows the highest virtue, associates with the good and the great      practices and Yoga and employs      all the aforesaid means, that obtains Emancipation.”(Light      Of Truth–IX.)

“The      soul that knows the Supreme Spirit Who is All-truth, All-knowledge and      All-Bliss and resides in the very interior of the soul and the principles      of discernment, finds rest in the Omnipresent Great God.      And thereby, being in harmony with the Infinite Omniscient Supreme Being      all its (righteous) desires are gratified. In other words, whatever      happiness it wishes for it obtains.” (Taitreya      Anandvalli: 1)

An      emancipated soul has no physical body or bodily organs but it retains its      pure natural attributes and powers. By virtue of its innate powers, an      emancipated soul has the principle of hearing when it wants to hear, the      principle of touch when it wants to feel, the principle of sight when it      wishes to see, the principle of smell when it wants to smell, the      principle of thought for thinking, the principle of judgment for      ascertaining truth, the principle of memory for remembering, the principle      of individuality for feeling its individuality. It can possess this      so-called body–composed of the principle of sensation and thought, etc.,      at its will. Just as when the soul is embodied, it depends upon its      physical body and bodily organs to carry out its will, so does it enjoy      the bliss of Emancipation through the use of its innate power.” (Shatpath      Brahman, Khanda, 14.)

Quest      # 73: What is the nature of “innate powers of the soul” and how      many kinds is it?

Answer:      It is written in “Satyarth Prakash” chapter 9. :      —

“Really      it      is of one kind, but it may be said to consist of the following 24      varieties: —

(1)      Strength; (2) Energy; (3) Attraction; (4) Suggestion; (5) Motion; (6)      Intimidation; (7) Analytic Power; (8) Skill; (9) Courage; (10) Memory;      (11) Discernment; (12) Desire; (13) Love; (14) Hatred; (15) Association;      (16) Dissociation; (17) Dividing power; (18) Combining power; (19) Power      of sight; (20) Hearing; (21) Touch; (22) Taste; (23) Smell; and (24)      Knowledge.”

By      help of these very powers the soul attains and enjoys happiness even in      Emancipation. If the soul, when emancipated, were to be absorbed into      Brahma, who would then enjoy the bliss of emancipation. Those who regard      the dissolution of soul as emancipation are no Quest immersed in      ignorance, because the emancipation of the soul consists in its exemption      from all sin and suffering and in the enjoyment of perfect bliss in the      All-pervading, All-blissful, Infinite, Omnipotent God.”      [* Brahma means who is great, i.e. GOD]

Quest # 74: Is it possible that with the      achievement of the power of yoga, that the soul of a yogi can leave his      body at his will and enter into another person’s body and thereafter come      back?

Answer:      It      is possible for the soul to leave the body with its will, But once the      soul is out, it can neither enter someone else’s body, nor return to the      same body at its will. The body becomes dead inert matter once the soul      leaves it. No one not even a true yogi, a saint, a mystic, a sage, a      spiritual teacher or a master whoever he may be, can make their soul enter      into any other person’s body, at their will. It is a wrong conception that      a true yogi can do anything he wants. Once the soul has left the body,      will remain in the atmosphere, in the laws of Divine soul (*Yama).

[*An      another name of God]

The      Divine laws are eternal;      hence no one can change, alter or break these laws, as Omniscient,      Omnipresent and Omnipotent God create them. It is cognizable proof by      sight, that until now, the person once dead cannot come back to life i.e.      once the soul is separated from the body it cannot come back into that      dead body, once gone it can never return. The deeds never come back. The      best Siddhi of Yoga is “Realisation      of God” i.e.      Visualization of God with      spiritual eyes and enjoy His bliss.

The      soul can enter the body, Only under God‘s instructions. To acquire the knowledge of reading the mind of      another person is something, which is possible by the practice of Yoga      and one assumes this power, as the soul entering into another body which      is a wrong concept.

These      are possibilities that with the practice of Yoga one can have many achievements but it is impossible for one      soul to enter another body. To claim that this is possible is fraud,      cheating, or ignorance.

Quest      # 75: Can God take or put the soul of any one?

Answer:      No      action exists without a cause and no action is done without a doer. “An effect resupposes a cause.” (Vaisheshika Darshana: 4-1-3).

There      are two conscious entities, God      and the soul. Prakriti is dead inert matter. The main reason of death of      the body is due to the soul’s separation from the body. In natural death      the body decays in old age i.e. complete age. Birth and death are natural      and God gives the soul, race-age-passion, according to its cumulative      impressions of past lives.

GOD      does not take anyone’s life without any cause. [“Where      there is no cause, there can be no effect.” (Vaisheshika Darshana:      4-2-2)]. There are many other causes of death, and no soul can come      back to its body once left behind. Even God      cannot give life to the dead, because He is Omniscient and cannot change      or alter His laws once created in nature. God’s      laws are eternal i.e. unchangeable –unaltered –unbreakable, which is why      they are called “Ritta”      meaning they are true.

Hence      no dead person can become alive or no one can die without any proper      reason.

Quest – The Vedic Questions and Answer Part 3


THIS IS SERIES OF FAQs ON VEDAS.

READ , LEARN, FOLLOW AND PROPAGATE THE GOD BEST GIFT TO MANKIND -THE VEDAS

Contributor -Madan Rajeha ji

Chapter      No 3

Quest    # 31: Do God has the knowledge of the death of human being i.e. when, where    and how the death will take place?

Quest    # 32: God has created all of us, then does He know our future?

Quest    # 33: It is true that God gives the body to us, then does He know about the    death of the body?

Quest    # 34: That means God does not know of any incident that will take place in    future?

Quest    # 35: Does God know the exact time, place and circumstances of our death?

Quest    # 36:    Is    God cognisant of the past, the present, and the future or is He the knower    of three periods of time?

Quest    # 37: According to the statement of Maharishi in “Satyarth Prakash”    (Light of Truth); it seems that God knows everything about the future?

Quest    # 38: So, is there any clarification or solution of this Quest:

Quest    # 39: Does God know about the future or no?

Quest    # 40: If God stays in the present, that means He does not stay in the past    and future?

Quest    # 41: When was the human race born?

Quest    # 42: What is (can be) the life span of human beings?

Quest    # 43: Who was born first in the Universe –human being or animal?

Quest    # 44: Why do human beings take birth?

Quest    # 45: How can one say that Human race is the best?

Quest    # 46: What is subtle body? Does it exist besides the materials body or is it    just an imagination?

Quest    # 47: Kindly give explanation in detail about the four bodies and the    substances that they are made of?

Quest    # 48: Is it true that there exist eight Chakras and nine Dwaaras in this    body? Kindly explain?

Quest    # 49: What is birth and death and to whom does it come?

Quest    # 31: Do God has the knowledge of the death of human being i.e. when, where    and how the death will take place?

Answer:    Again the same Quest! All physical bodies, which are created, will perish    one day. One, who is born, will have to die sooner or later. Everyone will    die, that is certain, but when, where and how, no one knows the Answer    to that Quest, [Even God] i.e.    the exact time of one’s death. Assume that if God    knows the time-place and circumstances of someone’s death, then that free    agent must have to be present at that particular place and time, to die.    That particular free agent will be not called a free agent anymore, because    his freedom will be controlled by the Superior One. God does not interfere in the freedom of any agent, He is Just. God    always lives in the present and will be present in future too. His knowledge    is always uniform and uninterrupted.

The    soul is a free agent. When the body (in which it resides) dies, only then God,    who always exists within the soul as viewer    (“Antardevo Vidathaa Mrityeshu” Rigveda 6-11-2), comes to know of    that incident. In this way His knowledge remains uniform hence not increased    or decreased or interrupted.

God    is All-pervading i.e. He is Omnipresent, exists in man’s heart. He is the    viewer and witness to each and every action of the soul. Being Omniscient    the Supreme Soul certainly knows the capability of the soul and impressions    of its infinite past lives. God    knows, as soon as the soul acts.

According    to the Vedic theory, the age of man is 100 years, if he lives his life    according to the laws of nature, by keeping to the righteous path; by    offering proper prayers, etc. to the Lord, by practicing Yogic exercises    regularly, engaging in studies, and working righteously. All creatures    including man, comes into the circle of death, once they take birth or in    other words, everyone who is born has to cross the gates of death. No living    being can live forever in this world. Once born, he cannot escape death, the    soul has to leave the material body and get a new body according to its    present deeds and past impressions of infinite lives.

Death    is essential and certain, but no one knows its exact    time-cause-circumstances etc.

Quest    # 32: God has created all of us, then does He know our future? 

Answer:    You are mistaken again. God    has not created all of us. We are eternal souls,    so it is wrong to believe that God    has created us. We are unborn and beginning-less hence we (the souls)    will never die or perish. God    knows that because He is Omniscient. He is the creator, sustainer and    dissolver of the Universe. Indeed! God    has given us this physical body for actions because without this body we    cannot do anything. The physical body, created by God,    is our instrument to work on hence one must take proper care of the body.

Quest    # 33: It is true that God gives the body to us, then does He know about the    death of the body?

Answer:Yes! By the grace of God,    we have been given this physical body, which is the instrument for    performing all actions. God    gives this materialistic body on account of our own previous lives’ unripe    actions and impressions of infinite lives, which results in the Specie    – Age – Passion (i.e. Jati, Aayu, and Bhoga). And there are always    changes, which take place in the body. It is an eternal, natural law that    what is created will perish. Every moment there is a change in everything    that results in dissolution in their subtle elements.

Care    for the physical body is in ones own hands. How to use this priceless    instrument also depends upon ones own intellect.

Of    course! God    knows with His Omnipotence [Infinite Intellect] that any created thing will    have to dissolve in its subtle form, hence the materialistic body of an    embodied soul will perish and dissolve in its cause when the appropriate    time comes. God    knows that the soul has to leave the body one-day. 

Quest    # 34: That means God does not know of any incident that will take place in    future? 

Answer:No!    As far as our incidents or actions are concerned; God    does not know anything; but He    knows everything if    we have planned anything about the future. We (Humans soul) are freeagents, but as soon as one does anything, he is under the law of Divine    power i.e. one has to surrender his deeds to God    to get the fruits of his actions. For every action, one has to face its    consequences, he cannot escape from them. God    does not interfere or obstruct in any action done by the soul because He is    Just (Nyaayakaari).   

[*The    free agent is one, who is free at his will, to do – not to do – or to do    in reverse manner, any of his actions (deeds). All depends upon one’s    intellect. One gets the fruits of his/her actions, good or bad, according to    one’s actions, which is obvious.] 

[*The    soul is a free agent to do deeds, but is subsequent to God    for reaping the fruits thereof. Likewise, God    is free to do His good works.]

[*He    is called a free agent, who has the body, the vital forces, the senses    and the mind subordinate to his will. The soul is free to act according to    its capacity, but once it has committed a sinful act, it becomes subject to    the operation of the law of God,    and thereby reaps the consequences of its sins. In other words, the soul is    a free agent so far as the performance of deeds is concerned but it has to    submit to the Divine Laws in the matter of suffering pain and misery for its    sins. This is the proof that God    does not know about our future incidents. If He is to be believed as being    cognizant of the three periods of time, then, He is supposed to be the    obstructer, which is not possible, as God    is Just and away from any kind of sinful act.]

Quest    # 35: Does God know the exact time, place and circumstances of our death?

Answer:    God’s knowledge is Uniform, Uninterrupted and hence He always lives in the    present.

God    does not know about the death of a man until the soul has left the body,    because God is within him [God is All-pervading entity]. He is within the    soul too, so as soon as the soul leaves the body, He is there as a viewer,    and hence these doubts are meaningless.

Quest    # 36: Is    God cognisant of the past, the present, and the future OR is He knower of    the three periods of time?

Answer:    For this Quest, Maharishi Swami Dayanand Saraswati has given extraordinary    and wonderful answers in his eternal Hindi scripture “Satyarth    Prakash” (Chapter viii) [This book is also available in English version    named “Light of Truth”] which says: —

“It    is foolishness to speak of God as being cognisant of the three periods of    time, because what ceases to exist is called the Past, and what does not    exist now but will come into existence is called the Future. Now is there    any kind of knowledge that ceases to exist with God or that He does not    possess in the present but will possess in the future? Hence God’s    knowledge is always uniform and uninterrupted. He always lives in the    present. The past and the future relate to the human soul only. It is true,    though, that the knowledge of three periods of time can be said to exist in    God when it is spoken of in relation to the actions of the soul, but not    absolutely. As the soul acts by virtue of its free will, so does God know,    what it does, by virtue of His Omniscient, and as God knows, so the soul    acts. In other words, God possesses the knowledge of the past, the present,    and the future and gives souls their deserts; whilst the soul is a free    agent in whatever it does and in possessing a limited knowledge of the    present. Just as God’s knowledge of actions of human souls is beginnings,    so is His knowledge of awarding just punishment. Both kinds of knowledge of    in Him are true. Can it ever be possible that the knowledge of actions be    true that of doing justice be false? Hence your objection does not hold    God.”

Quest    # 37: According to the statement of Maharishi in “Satyarth Prakash”    (Light of Truth); it seems that God knows everything about the future?

Answer:    No! You have not understood Maharishi’s    quotation; please mark and read these lines properly and carefully —-

“As    the soul acts by virtue of its free will, so does God know, what it does, by    virtue of His Omniscient, and as God knows, so the soul acts. In other    words, God possesses the knowledge of the past, the present, and the future    and gives souls their deserts; whilst the soul is a free agent in whatever    it does and in possessing a limited knowledge of the present.” 

As    God’s    knowledge of awarding just punishment is infinite, so the soul acts by    virtue of its free will and God    knows. You can also quote it like this—-The knowledge of three periods of    time can exist in God    when it is spoken of in relation to the action of the soul, but not    absolutely.

God    is, indeed, Knows everything about Prakriti,Srishti    and the laws of nature created by Him.

Space    or Time factors do not imply with God;    because He is all pervading hence the past or the future do not limit His    knowledge. Suppose, if we believe ignorantly for the time being that    God knows everything about our future actions, then the soul has to do    all those things which it does not want to do willingly, then how and why    would God    give the fruits of those particular actions. And if the soul does not    perform those actions, then God’s    knowledge will be limited. Hence the    Vedic Theory is right, that God’s    knowledge is always in the present, uniform and uninterrupted. So God    knows when the Jivatma performs the actions, not otherwise.

The    soul is supplied with an important internal organ of thinking i.e. the mind,    which functions like a computer. The software (program) is made by the soul    itself i.e. our own past impressions (Sanskaras)    which are registered there. When a man performs any action either compelled    by his Sanskaras or at free will of the present, the outcome of that action    is also registered in the memory of the mind at that moment only. The    actions are subjected to the divine laws, so GOD    also registers the fruits of those actions there. Once the soul has    performed an action, it cannot escape or change the consequences and has to    face the fruits of its actions / deeds results in—good or bad, —pleasure    or pain– happiness or sorrow.

It    is obvious and no one can deny that we are the makers of our —future,    —fortune, —luck, —destiny etc. By seeing the present deeds, any    ordinary man can also predict the consequences of the future. Teachers or    parents can also at times give the future verdict or make predictions about    their children by seeing the child’s behavior, but sometimes their judgement    goes completely wrong, with the change of circumstances in future. (Man has    limited knowledge but God    is Omniscient). God    makes all arrangements for the fruits of the actions done by the doer i.e.    the soul, but again the Quest remains an unsolved mystery.

Quest    # 38: So, is there any clarification or solution of this Question?

Answer:    Of course! God    has all the Answers    because He is Omniscient and His knowledge is Uniform, Uninterrupted and    always remains in the present. We do not know about the future and forget    the past, but God    knows the nature-actions-attributes of all souls    from infinite period of time. In future if any actions are planned by the    soul, then indeed God    knows them all without any doubts. It    should always be remembered and borne in mind that “God always lives in    the present.” In this way no one can cheat you in you in the name of    God.

Quest    # 39: Does God know about the future or no?

Answer:    As written earlier in a simple language that God’s knowledge is always    uniform and uninterrupted and always remains in the present. Man makes the    time-boundary for his use. God    was present in the past and will also be present in the future.

What    ceases to exist is called the Past, and what does not exist now but will    come into existence is called the Future. God    is untouched by these conditions and always lives in the present.

Quest    # 40: If God stays in the present, that means He does not stay in the past    and future?

Answer:    You have not understood the meaning—-

“Yo    Bhutam Cha Bhavyam Cha Sarvam Yashchaadhitishtati,Swaryasya Cha Kevalam Tasmai Jyeshtaaya Brahmane Namah”. (Atharvaveda    10-8-1)

The    meaning of this mantra is clear that “we respectfully bow and salute to GOD,    who is the Supreme Being, All blissful personified and who always remains    present in the past and future”.

In    this mantra, it is told that the time which is gone and which will come is    called the past and future, because man only understands this language. God’s    existence is always there, whether it is the past or future. GOD    is called “Swaaha”    i.e. He is Self-Illuminated, All blissful and Super-Conscious Personified.    His Knowledge is All-True and Blissful. One who communions himself with Him    becomes like Him. He is the Supreme Being who is All pervading in the    Universe.

The    speed of time is so fast that it is absolutely unimaginable. With the    blinking of an eye, the future becomes the past. The present is so minute    that we can’t even think of it. Time cannot be caught or obstructed by    anyone hence the saying that “time    is the most powerful”. Time can never be stopped because its    existence is due to the incidents which takes place every moment in the    Universe. Second–Minute–Hour–Day–Night–Week–Month–Year–Era etc.    these names are given by man himself. The future becomes the past in no    time. GOD    lives in the present hence we (the soul) cannot see or understand Him. God    is timeless.

God    cannot be cognisant of the three periods of time. He alone is Omniscient,    Timeless, Uniform and Uninterrupted.

All    Quests about the future are baseless. What will happen after 100 years? Will    we be living by then or no? The science of astrology that is based on the    eternal laws of the nature is true. Our time is very precious, once gone it    cannot be brought back so it is useless to discuss about the future. The    past will never be the future, hence it is an important duty of everyone of    us to make our present useful.

Human    life is the present for man and every moment is priceless. One should try to    make proper use of time and make his / her life worthy of living in every    possible way.

“God    is always present in the past and the future ” this is the Vedic    philosophy. Tomorrow will come and what will happen tomorrow will be known    only tomorrow. Tomorrow never exists as yesterday, but it exists as today.    To remember the past one is to fall backward and in the same way, by    thinking about tomorrow, he will fall on his face, hence it is advisable to    live in the present and leave tomorrow to God.    May God    give intellect to all our readers and make our present useful.

Quest    # 41: When was the human race born?

Answer:    It is a very profound Quest. We being humans, away from religion, beliefs,    cast, creeds, divisions etc.; should have faith in God’s    theology i.e. the    Vedas, which are self-proved scriptures as the    Vedas are the true knowledge of God    alone.

According    to the Vedic theory—-there are four Yugas    i.e. periods of time, e.g.Sat,    Dwaper,    Treta    and KaliYuga    (Yajurveda 30/18) and in the    Atharvaveda 10-7-9, the full time for creation of the Universe is quoted    as 4,32,00,00,000 i.e. 432 million years. The current time is 1,96,08,53,099    years from the start of the Universe and this is the time of man’s existence    on earth.

Quest    # 42: What is (can be) the life span of human beings?        

Answer:    The life span of a man, animal or living being is not fixed as per The    Vedas. If a man lives according to natural laws, he can live till the    age of 100 years or more. However it can vary due to his attitudes /    behavior etc. towards life. Good deeds, pattern of eating-drinking-sleeping    etc. also effects the life and age.

According    to the laws of nature, all living beings have their own life span. A snake    lives for 120 years and likewise, in natural circumstances a pigeon lives a    life of 8 years, tortoise live for 150 years, a dog lives for 14 years,    horse lives for 20 years, man and elephant live for 100 years. Their life    can be shortened due to an accident or some other reason, hence the life    span is not fixed, but it is confirmed that one who is born will die one    day.

Everyone    wants to live a long life “Madema    Shathimaah Suveeraah” (Rigveda    6-4-8) means “OGod!    Give us long life so that we live to see our children and grand children    with great enjoyment and in bliss”. The    Vedas give inspiration to men to live for a period of 100 years or even    more because the average limit of man’s life is 100 years.

·     “Shataminnu    Shardo Anti Devaaha” (Rigveda 1-89-9) i.e. O God! Make the life span of    man to be a 100 years or more.

·            “Prana    aayunshi Taarishat” (Rigveda 4-39-6) means “Oh    God! Give us long life.” This shows that life is not fixed, but it is    sure that life has an end.

·            “Pashyema    Sharadah Shatam Jeevema Sharadah Shatam” that is Oh God! May we live and    see 100 years of life (with your blessings). So life of mankind is not fixed    at all.

Quest    # 43: Who was born first in the Universe –human being or animal?

Answer:    It is a natural law that eatables come first followed by the eater. Jungles,    herbs, fruits, flowers, food etc. are created first, then come water    creatures, birds, animals and lastly man appears on earth in this Universe.    This is not a new concept, there are many proofs in the    Vedas.

Tasmadyagyatarvahutah    Sambhritam Prishadajjyam, Pashu(G)stan(G)shchakre    Vayavyanaranya Gramyashcha ye(Yajurveda    31/6)

Because    herbs–medicines, birds and animals etc. are very useful to men, all these    had been created before the creation of man on Earth.

Quest    # 44: Why do human beings take birth?

Answer:    See an appropriate answer for this Quest in the    Nyaaya Darshana, Chapter # 1 and Sutra # 2.

“Duhkh    Janma pravriti dosha mithyagyanam,

Uttarottarapaye    tadanantarapayadapavarg”. (Nyaaya    Darshana 1-2)

I.e.–the    main cause of man’s birth is his previous Sanskaras    i.e. his past lives’ impressions or residential tendencies and cumulative    unripe actions. Passions are created from ignorance and passions are the    cause of Sanskaras,    these Sanskaras    are the main cause of man’s birth, which results in all pain and sorrow. The    wheel of birth and death rotates continuously until and unless ignorance is    removed. Once ignorance is removed, the soul is freed from the bondage of    birth and death. The emancipated soul enjoys/experiences extreme pleasure.    The bliss of Emancipation extends over the period of Creations and    Dissolution for thirty-six thousand times. This    duration of Emancipation is called “Pranta-kaal”.

No    man takes birth by himself. Man’s own Sanskaras    force him to take birth, where–when–how, hence it is not in man’s control.    God    knows the best because He is just and omniscient.

No    one can escape the laws of nature, i.e. one has to face the consequences of    his deeds. If one examines his deeds, attitudes, behaviors etc. in the    present life; he can improve his future life to come. God    helps those who help themselves. One should try to remove his/her ignorance    by practicing Octapartite Yoga(eight    parts or stages) and acquire God’s    grace. Then only knots (that bind the soul from further improvement because    of his/her own Sanskaras) are untied. After that the soul will be free from    all bondage of birth and death and enjoy the bliss of God    for the    Pranta-kaal i.e. the time = 31,10,40,00,00,00,000 years = 36,000 times of    Creations and Dissolution of the Universe.

Quest    # 45: How can one say that Human race is the best?

Answer:    It is cognizable and we can seethat only man is the kind of creature who improves his wisdom with his    intellect, collects the means of pleasure etc. in this world. He can travel    by road, sea and air. By virtue of his intellect, he has control over other    creatures.

Only    man is a free agent compared to all other creatures. One can see the    improvements he has made with his intellect.

The    most important thing that God    gives, is His everlasting Knowledge to men only, because man is the best    creature in the world, so this also proves that God’s    special grace** is on mankind.

[**—-God    is just, merciful and omniscient, and His grace is equally distributed in    all creatures and souls    without any partiality, because all souls    are His eternal children. You can see that all souls    seem to be happy in different races without any complaints.]

There    is only one difference between human beings and animals i.e. the difference    of “Dharma” or “Virtue” or “Duty”. Man is    called a man only when he performs his duty i.e. virtuous deeds, otherwise    there is no difference between a man and a beast.

All    creatures other than humans, are under Divine obedience hence animals (all    creatures other than humans) are said to be in the “Bhoga    Yoni“*, whereas men have a special chance to communion with God    hence he is said to be in the “Yoga    Yoni*** along with “Bhog    yoni”**.

[**Bhog    means to have all the things required by that particular race.]

[***Yoga    means to be in communion with the Supreme Soul i.e. God.]

In    short humans have God‘s    knowledge i.e. The    Vedas, Wisdom, Dharma, and are at free will to perform actions according    to their capabilities and meet the Supreme soul by which all pain and sorrow    are removed. The emancipated soul which is free from bondage of birth and    death, experiences God’s    bliss in salvation for “Pranta-kaal“,    hence human race is the best compared to all other races. “Ashrafful    Makhlooquat”(Quran Sharif)

Quest    # 46: What is subtle body? Does it exist besides the materials body or is it    just an imagination?

Answer:    What is seen with the eyes, and can be touched and felt is called the gross    physical body. The second body, which is not visible to the eye but    certainly exists, is called the subtle body. The subtle body is true and not    imaginary. You must have heard these words e.g. mind, intellect, ego,    consciousness, happiness, pain, sorrow, hunger etc. etc. they actually exist    but cannot be seen. The subtle body is so fine that no man made instrument    can visualize it.

(*    Sometimes also called Spiritual or Astral body.)

There    are four kinds of bodies. 1    –The gross physical or materialistic body, 2 –The subtle body, 3 –The    casual body, and 4 –The Ttureeya body.

1)       The gross physical body is also called the material body because it made    from the five elements i.e. earth, water, fire, air and ether.

2)       The subtle body comprises of seventeen principles.

3)       The casual body consists of the elementary matter — Prakriti    i.e. the material cause of the Universe.

4)       The Tureeya body is that through which the soul is absorbed in    the contemplation of the    All-blissful Supreme Spirit in the state of Samaadhi    (superior condition) developed with the practice of Yoga    and perfect concentration. The energy born of this pure body—the    product of the pure influence of the superior condition—is of great    service to the soul in Emancipation.

Quest    # 47: Kindly give explanation in detail about the four bodies and the    substances that they are made of?

Answer:    The gross physical or material body is made from the five great elements    i.e. earth, water, fire, air and ether. The body, in which the soul enters    into the state, called sound and dreamless sleep, is called casual    body, which is all pervading like ether and whose globe is common to all    souls.    The subtle body comprises of 17 principles which are as follows: — 5    nervauric or vital principles (five Pranas) + 5 principles of sensation    (five Gyanendriyas) + 5 physical principles in subtle form (five Sukshma    Bhootas i.e. Tanmatras) + the principle of voliation i.e. a mind (Manas) +    the principle of discernment i.e. an intellect (Budhi) = these 17 principles    combined are called the subtle body. The subtle body accompanies the soul in    all its births and deaths till salvation and are separated when the soul is    emancipated. At the time of death, physical body is perished but the subtle    body goes with the soul.

·            “Yasmin    vrikshe supalashe, devai sampibate yamah” (Rigveda 10-135-1) which    means: — The soul enjoys with the organs in this tree-like physical    body.

In    subtle body there are five nervauric forces (Pranas)—Praana, Apaana, Vyaana, Samaana and Udaana, + five principles of    sensation (Gyanendriyas)—Nose, Tongue, Eyes, Skin and Ears, + Five subtle elements (Tanmatras)—Smell, Taste, Vision, Touch and Speech, + One Mind, + An Intellect =    these 17 principles combined are called the subtle    body.

There    is also a fourth body in which the soul experiences the bliss of God,    and the blissful condition stays in Samaadhi    i.e. the state of realization of God.    This body is called the Tureeya    body.

Quest    # 48: Is it true that there exist eight Chakras and nine Dwaaras in this    body? Kindly explain?

Answer:    The Atharva Veda says:

“Ashtachakra    Navadwara devanam purodhdhya,    Tasyam    hiranyayah koshah swargo jyotishavritah” (Atharvaveda 10-2-31)

“Tasmin    hiranyaye kosho traye tripratishthate,    Tasmin    yad yakshmatmanvat tad vai brahmavido viduh” (Atharvaveda 10-2-32)

Yes!    It is true that there are eight Chakras* i.e. the gangleons [according to    Hath-Yoga], and nine Dwaaras i.e. doors or openings in the body. The eight    gangleons are 1)    Mooladhaar, 2) Swadhishthaan 3) Manipoorak, 4) Surya, 5) Anaahad, 6)    Vishuddhi, 7) Aajya, and 8) Sahasraar.

This    body is called “Ayodhya”    –the city that cannot be conquered. It is a city of Devas i.e. deities    which contain the nine Dwaaras or openings in the human bodies are –two    eyes, two ears, two nostrils, mouth, and two genitals organs. [Some pundits    and scholars say that according to the Vedic theory these Chakras are the    stages in which one can improve to attain emancipation.] “Ashtachakra    Navadwara” as quoted in the Vedas is true. Where are they? It is the    subject of research for the Vedic scholars. Information about their    locations received is as under:

Mooladhaar    is located between the two genitals. Swadhishthaan’s place is above and at    the root of the genital. Manipoorak is located at the navel whereas Surya is    located    above Aajya Chakra. Anaahad is near the heart that covers Pranayama Kosha    including heart and lungs. Vishuddhi is located near Thyroid gland in neck    whereas the Aajya Chakra pertains to Manomaya Kosha and covers Pituitary    gland and the Thalamus family of which Hypothalamus is the most important    part. Lastly the Sahasraar Chakra is called the Lotus of thousand petals and    is located at the top of the head where the soul experiences the bliss of    God. This is the meeting point of God and the soul.

Quest    # 49: What is birth and death and to whom does it come?

Answer:    According to the laws of nature, the separation of the soul from the body is    called “death”,    whilst its union with the body is called “birth”    of the body; in other words when the soul acquires a body is called birth    and leaves the body is called death. The thing that is created and dissolved    is called birth and death of that thing.

“Birth    is a state in which Jiva is able to act when he is endowed with a body, and    death is a state in which Jiva and body are separated, the whose union had    previously been the cause of birth and activity.”

When    the soul leaves the body, it lives in atmosphere (Yama*).    Thereafter the Great Judge — God    embodies the soul according to the nature of its deeds done in the previous    life. Guided by God    it enters the body of some living creature with air, water, food, and drink    or through any one of the openings of the body.

Balance    of the Creation exists because of birth and death. If there is only birth    and no death, then the system of nature will be disturbed, hence birth and    death are essential and this natural law is beginning-less and endless.

The    physical body, which is made from five gross elements, is actually dead and    inert matter, but it looks live because of the existence of the soul within    it. The moment the soul leaves the body, the body becomes dead inert matter.    The soul is unborn and infinite, because it is eternal.

The    death is the greatest unsolved mystery of the world which man tries to    unravel. The discovery is on to solve the mystery of death. Even science is    unable to understand or conquer death, because death is not a materialistic    thing. The soul is eternal, hence death comes only to the material /physical    body.

The    relationship between birth and death is a vicious circle, when there is    birth, death is bound to follow and when death occurs, birth follows. (The    wheel of birth and death has been rotating from time-infinite and will keep    on rotating forever without any interruption; because there exists the    Divine Power of Creation and Destruction.)

Science    teaches us that nothing can be created or destroyed, it only changes its    form. When the body dies and is cremated it seems like it has vanished in    the fire but on the contrary the body is dissolved in its subtle elements    i.e. its cause. (The body—made from five gross elements, dissolves in its    five subtle elements respectively.) It should be understood that where there    is change, it must contain the attributes of the Matter i.e. Prakriti.

There    are three eternal entities — God,    the Matter and numerous numbers of Souls. God    and the souls    are conscious entities whereas the Prakriti    is a dead inert matter. By the influence of God    there is a continuous change in the Prakriti    ‘s effort i.e. the Srishti    or the Creation.

“Yasyachchhayamritam    yasya mrityuh”(Yajurveda 25-13) means—births and deaths are under God’s    control. He who obeys God’s    commandments enjoys God’s    shadow of eternity and one who is disobedient, fails to get His grace and    gets entangled in the vicious circle of birth and death.

It    is an eternal laws that “what    is given away is what remains”. God    is an endless sea of bliss, so the one who is in communion with God    gets His bliss and gets away from worldly pain and pleasure. God    is just and merciful, so whatever He does, is for the betterment of the    soul. One should not fear death. Life is a continuously rotating wheel of    birth and death. Every soul that is embodied has to pass through the gates    of birth and death sooner or later, until it can escape from the worldly    ties and acquires Emancipation which lasts for Pranta-kaal    i.e. 31,10,40,00,00,00,000    years, and the emancipated soul experiences God’s    bliss.

Quest the Vedic Question and Answers Part 2


THIS IS SERIES OF FAQs ON VEDAS.

READ , LEARN, FOLLOW AND PROPAGATE THE GOD BEST GIFT TO MANKIND -THE VEDAS

Contributor -Madan Rajeha ji

Chapter      No 2

Quest # 14: Is there any proof in the Vedas that there is only One God?

Quest # 15: How can one say that God is      blissful then who feels / experiences this bliss?

Quest # 16: Which mantras of the Vedas      prove that God is beginning less and endless too?

Quest # 17: Where does God stay in this      body?

Quest # 18: Is God easily available or      difficult?

Quest #      19: God is One with many names, so what is the Original name of God?

Quest # 20: If God’s personal name is OM, then what      is the personal name of the soul?      

Quest # 21: Are      pain and pleasure a soul’s natural or casual attributes ?

Quest # 22:      In the state of emancipation, do pain and pleasure remain with the eternal      soul?

Quest # 23:      What is the best way to get rid of ” Dukhas ” i.e. pain and      sorrow?

Quest # 24:      Does God also experience pain and pleasure?

Quest # 25:      What does it mean that God is Omniscient i.e. All knowing?

Quest      # 26: God is Omniscient, then does He know about the future?

Quest # 27:      God is Omniscient, then does He know our future?

Quest # 28:      That, what kind of work are we going to do in the future?

Quest # 29:      Then God would be ignorant? How can it be possible?

Quest # 30:      Does Omniscient God know the death of the soul?

Quest # 14: Is there any proof in the Vedas      that there is only One God?

Answer: There      are many mantras in The Vedas,      which say that there is only One God      without a second to it. God is      Omniscient, Omnipotent, Omnipresent, worship is due to Him alone.      Here are      some mantras as a proof to show that God      is one:

“Eko Anyachyakripe      Vishwamaanushaka” (Rigveda 1-4-4-14)

“Indra Choshkooyase Vaasu”(Rigveda      5-8-17-41)

“Sa Vishwasya      Karunaspesha Eko” (Rigveda 1-7-9-7)

“Hiranyagarbhah Samavartataagre Bhutasya Jaatah      Patireka Aaseet,Sadaadhaara Prithivim      Dyaamutemaam Kasmai Devaya Havishaa Vidhem”(Rigveda 10-21-1)

“Vishvatashchakshuruta—————Janaya Deva Ekah” (Yajurveda 17-9)

Rigveda– [(8-58-2), (1-164-46), (10-14-5), (10-114-4),      (10-121-3), (8-58-2), (6-15-11), (8-13-9) ]

Yajurveda– [(17-26), (13-4), (17-9), (17-21), (13-4)]

Atharvaveda– [(8-5-26), (2-2-1), (8-5-20), (13-4,      mantras from 1 to 56)]      

In      Rigveda– volume # 3, chapter # 55 and mantra No. 1 to 22, and      in the same volume, in chapter # 56, 57, 58, 59, by referring all these      mantras, it is authentically proved that God is One without a second.       

All mantras (20,416 — Twenty Thousand Four Hundred And Sixteen)      in all the four Vedas glorify      that God has many names      according to His nature, characteristics and attributes but He      is One without a second.

Quest # 15: How can one say that God is      blissful then who feels / experiences this bliss?      

Answer: Atma i.e.      the soul (only) experiences the bliss of God.      What is felt by the senses is called pleasure, but bliss is the hunger of      every soul, which calms down only when the soul attains bliss.The soul has enjoyed the bliss of God      many times in their previous birth that is why it (the soul) always tries      to get it again and again. The search for bliss is seen in humans. Worldly      pleasures can never please the soul that is why, in its lifetime the soul      wanders for something else which is nothing but the bliss of the Supreme      Being.

GOD      is full of bliss, which He flows continuously to be experienced by the souls,      but the Quest arises how to get it? And that is the main purpose (aim) of      human’s life.

GOD is blissful “Swaryasya      Cha Kevalam” (Atharvaveda 10-8-2) so he who is very near to Him      feels / experiences His bliss which is called “Ananda”.      For example—one feels hot when he is near fire, because he gets the      attributes of fire and in the same way when some one is near ice, he feels      cold. By communion with God the      soul experiences the bliss i.e.      “Ananda” because God      is full of Ananda.

It is natural that by communion with the dead inert matter i.e. Prakriti,      one gets the attributes of Prakriti,      and in the same way, by communion with the Super Being, one acquires the      attributes, characteristics and nature of God.      God and the soul i.e. Jiva are      both conscious entities. The soul is without bliss and God is full of      bliss “Swaryasya Cha Kevalam” this eloquent is from The      Vedas that God is blissful.      The soul who is near to God      enjoys His bliss. Also it is authoritative that in the state of final      realization, (i.e. in state of “Samaadhi”)      in Yoga one can experience the      bliss of the Supreme Being. What sages and knowledgeable people have said      can also be taken as proof that bliss is in God      Alone. “Mandra” Means      God is bliss personified.

Quest # 16: Which mantras of the Vedas      prove that God is beginning less and endless too?

Answer: There      are many mantras in the Vedas      where God is said to be      beginning-less and infinite. Here are some mantras as proof:

“Paramam Vyoma” (Yajurveda 23/62)

“Rriyo Aksharo      Parame Vyoman” (Rigveda 1-164-39)

“Twamasya      Paarerajaso Vyoman” (Rigveda 1-52-12)

“Yo      Asyaadhyaksha Parame Vyoman” (Rigveda 10-129-7)

“Sa Bhumim      Sarvato Vritvaat” (Yajurveda 31/1)

“Naamyaa Aadeesadantariksha Shishyate Dyauh Samavartaa”      (Yajurveda 31/13)

“Purna Madah Purnamidam Putnat      Purnamuduchyate, Puryasya      Purnamaadaaya Purnamevaa Vashishyate”.

God      is all pervading like space,      which means He is beginning-less and endless in all directions.

According      to mathematics, when an infinite amount is deducted from another infinite      amount, what is left is also infinite. (Rigveda      10-8-12, 1-100-15, 1-52-14, 6-27-3.)All these Mantras prove that God is      “Anaadi” and “Ananata” means God is beginning-less and infinite.

Quest # 17: Where does God stay in this      body?

Answer: “Indranna      Yajyaishchitayanta Aayavah” (Rigveda 1-131-2) which means man      has enlightened God in his      heart by “Yajna” * i.e.      a religious sacrifice.

[*Some      people pronounce “Yajna” as “Yagya”, which is actually wrong.]

“Asti Jyaayaan Kaneeyasa Upaare” Which means the elder      brother (God) resides with the younger brother i.e. the soul that means “God resides with the soul within the heart in the body”.

Again the      Rigveda 8-84-12 says, “God      resides in humans in their hearts”.

Rigveda: —-{(6-11-2),       (10-82-7),  (10-177-3),       (10-181-2),  (8-39-6),       (10-135-7),  (9-64-8),       (10-124-2),  (1-31-2),       (9-68-5),  (10-114-4),       (5-11-6),  (9-69-6),       (10-43-6),  (6-45-4),       (1-164-31),  (9-96-5),       (1-22-21),  (4-2-1),       (7-86-6),  (6-11-2),       (10-82-7)}. It is said in the Atharva      Veda (18-9-4) that the mind is the living place of the Supreme Soul      and the Vedas are the theology      of God.

One can visualize God in the      temple of his mind’s mirror because God      is felt only in a clean mind. (God is not a thing to be seen by these      materialistic eyes, because He is Nirakara      i.e. Formless, but He is experienced by the soul who is away from all sins      and evil deeds. and has a pure-mind. In the state of final realization      (i.e. in state of Samaadhi) in yoga, one can experience the bliss of the      Supreme Being and that feeling of ” Ananda      ” is called “Visualization      of God.”

Quest # 18: Is God easily available or      difficult?

Answer: All      things are not easily available except God.      To get material things, one must have knowledge, action, place, time,      intellect and environment and lastly all is possible with the grace of God,      if not, it is impossible. One has to reach the place where the right thing      is available. It consumes time and favorable condition, and all these are      not possible without persuasion and proper knowledge. After all these, the      grace of God is necessary, to obtain anything.

GOD      is Omnipresent, Omniscient hence pervading in the hearts of all living      beings. God exists where the      soul exists. For one who desires to meet God,      it is not necessary for him /her to go here and there or anywhere outside,      as God resides within him/her      only.

GOD      can be experienced any time, anywhere and in any condition. The only      condition is that one should have faith, love, pure knowledge, pure deeds      and pure communion. If one is entangled in this material world, God      is difficult to be realized. He is easily available if the material world      is renounced. It seems difficult for an ordinary man, whereas for a true      Yogi (one who practices yoga), God      is easy to be realized any time and anywhere. There are two paths open for      the soul, one is Prakriti i.e. nature and second is the path of God. If one is entangled in the material world, how can he meet God?      So it is advisable to detach contacts from the material world to realize God.

Love and detachment are natural feelings (Yoga      Darshana 1/29), which can also be created (Yoga 1/20).

The “Preya marg”—      is a path open towards colorful glittering Prakriti      which is easy and attractive in the starting but ends in disastrous      situations and the “Shreya marg”—leads to the path of God, which      is difficult and detached from the Prakriti      but all-blissful and the soul is emancipated in the end.

Quest # 19: God is One with many names, so      what is the Original name of God?      

Answer:      It is a Quest which is often asked “what is      the original / personal name of God?

Anything, which has many, attributes – actions – nature      may be called by many names, though it has only one personal name. In the      same way God has many names but His personal or original name is One,      which is written as “OM”.

Vedic and other Holy texts are in support of this view,      here are a few quotations from the Vedas and the Upanishads in support of      the statement that “AUM” (OM) is the highest name of God.

The Vedas say: “OM Krato Smara” (Yajurveda 40/15) means “Oh!      Energetic man, (Assiduous man) always remember the name of God that is      “OM”.

“OM Kham      Brahma” (Yajurveda 40/17) which mean “OM” is the Great God who      is Omnipresent (Like ether).

“Tasya Vaachakah Pranavah” (Yoga Shastra, Chapter 1/27)      which mean God’s personal name is “OM”.

It is said in the      Chhandogya Upanishad in mantra # 1 that “He alone, whose name is AUM,      who is Immortal, is worthy of our adoration and none other.”

Manduk Upanishad, 1/1, says: –” All the Vedas and the Shastras      declare “OM” as the primary and natural name of God. All other are His      secondary names.”

It is said in Kath Upanishad, 7/15, that “He, Whom      all the Vedas declare worthy of homage, to whom all devotion and righteous      actions lead, and for Whose realization, the life of chastity i.e.      Brahmacharya leads, is called OM.

Men have given many names to God, according to circumstances, place, time      and their own beliefs e.g. Ishwara, Paramatma, Bhagwan,      Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesha, God, Lord, Holy Spirit, Allah,      Khuda, Khodaa, Khudaayaa, Rabba, Sai, Naath, Vaheguru, Omkar,      Maalik, Parvardigaar, Maulaa etc. etc. but one enjoys      and experiences “Bliss” by listening or chanting the One and      Only name of God, which is —-“OM.”

The Vedic and other Holy texts are in support of this view, that the      Primary and Personal name of God is “AUM”, which is pronounced as      “OM”.

Quest # 20: If God’s personal name is OM,      then what is the personal name of the soul?      

Answer:      You have asked an appropriate Quest. In the      answer of the previous Quest (# 19), we have given an eloquent of the      Vedas, in which God has spelt out His eternal Son by the name of “Kratu”      

“OM Krato Smara” Oh! Assiduous man, do remember      OM.       

There are many more names of the soul in The Vedas, according to its nature, actions and its attributes, such      as:

*Atkam:      Who is illuminated with      the contact of physical body (Rigveda      1-77-1)

*Patanga:Who moves from one place      to other (Rigveda 1-177-2).

*Anipadyamanama:An      eternal      or everlasting (Rigveda 1-177-3).

*Amartya:      An immortal or eternal (Rigveda      1-164-38).

*Avyasah Avyapaka:Infinitesimal      unity (Atharvaveda      19-68-1).

*Amrita:Ever mature or      imperishable (Atharvaveda 10-8-26).      

There are many more names of      the soul in the Vedas, but the      most popular name is “Kratu”      i.e. “Energetic man”      and “Atma”

Quest # 21: Are pain and pleasure a souls      natural or casual attributes?      

Answer:      An      attribute is that which is dependent upon or resides in a substratum which      itself cannot possess an attribute, and is not the cause of combination or      of division into parts, and is independent of another attribute.

An attribute, which is instinctive and does not separate from a      substratum, is called its natural      or instinctive attribute. And when a natural attribute of some      substratum, comes into another substratum with a connection, is called its      casual or fortuitous attribute.Coolness of water, heat of fire, God’s      knowledge and bliss etc. are called the natural or instinctive attributes,      whereas when water is heated, that heat is called the casual or fortuitous      attribute of water.

“The immortal, eternal      principle which is endowed with attraction and repulsion, feelings of      pleasure, pain and consciousness, and whose capacity for knowledge is      limited—even that I believe to be the soul.”(Light Of Truth — A      statement of my beliefs).

The writer of Nyaaya Darshana      (the Philosophy of Justice)– Goutamaachaarya,      Kanaad Muni the writer of Vaisheshika      Darshana (the Philosophy of Extraordinary) and Great sage of Modern      era–Swami Dayanand Saraswati do believe that “pain and pleasure are      casual attributes of the soul and not natural.

Quest # 22: In the state of emancipation,      do pain and pleasure remain with the eternal soul?      

Answer: Oh no,      Never! If pain and pleasure remain emancipated in the soul, then what is      the meaning of that emancipation? Of course! In the state of salvation the      emancipated soul is free from all pain because it is said in the      Nyaaya Shastra (1-22/2) that “Everlasting freedom from      pain alone is called Emancipation. Because it is freedom from false ideas,      ignorance, vices (such as covetousness) and from engrossment in sensual      gratification and contraction of evil habits, and consequent immunity from      birth and pain, that brings about Emancipation which is everlasting.

It is said in the Chhandogya      Upanishad (8-12-1)—-” Physical body is the dwelling place

Of the formless and immoral soul, which is,      therefore, constantly afflicted with pain or engrossed in pleasure,      because an embodied soul can never ever be free from worldly joys or      sorrows. On the other hand, the non-bodied, emancipated soul that lives in      God can neither be affected by joy or by sorrow. It continually enjoys      perfect bliss.”

Quest # 23: What is the best way to get rid      of ” Dukhas ” i.e. pain and sorrow?      

Answer: There      is only one medium to overcome pain in this world and that is—-By always      remembering God, in every place      and in every situation. This is the main “Dharma”      i.e. duty of all human beings as God      alone can remove our sins.

“Sansar sarpadashta namekameva      subheshjam,Sarvada      sarvakaleshu sarvatra Harichintanam.”

Raja Bhartri      Hari has said: –“kale      naiva yato vayameva yat” which means, we have not      conquered time, but time has conquered us hence by utilizing time      in a proper manner, we can overcome all sought of pain from our lives.

“Dhuhkha Janma Pravriti Dosha      Mithyaajyaanam, Uttarottaraapaaye      Tadanantraapaayaadapavarga”. (Nyaaya Shastra 1.22.2)

Means: — “One can get rid of pain by finding its root cause. The cause of all      pain is Ignorance; ignorance is      created from false ideas, which      are the products of engrossment in sensual gratification and contraction      of evil habits, and consequent immunity from birth and pain. One can      realize that the main cause of all pain lies in birth alone. If there is      no birth, there will be no death, and if one can conquer death all      problems of pain will be solved.”

Quest # 24: Does God also experience pain      and pleasure?      

Answer: Joy,      sorrow, etc. are the attributes of the soul that distinguish it from the      Supreme Soul. God is away from      all these things. When the soul is embodied, these attributes manifest      themselves only so long as the soul is present in the body, but cease to      do so as soon as the soul leaves it.      God is formless so He can never ever be embodied (Yajurveda 40/8);      hence the attributes of pain and pleasure etc. never exist in God.      Only embodied souls experience      pain and pleasure.

According to Vedic theory,      the doer is the one who reaps the fruits of his deeds. Jivatma      i.e. the soul acts only when it is embodied and receives the fruits (pain      or pleasure) of its actions. God      is all-blissful. He is complete so how can He experience pain?

“Anashnannyo      Abhichaakasheeti” (Rigveda 10-164-20)      which mean God is only      Observer/Viewer and not the reaper of the fruits. He is holy and away from      all evils.

God      is called “Vrijan” in      The Vedas (Rigveda 1-102-11) i.e. there is no pain in God, in other words God      is painless. (Vrijan means      painless). Pain lies in passion.

God      is away from all evil (Nirvikara)—-Rigveda      8-47-9, 1-162-22, 10-111-3, and 1-164-39.  

“Akaamo  Dheero       Amritah  Swayambhoo      Rasena Tripto  na       Kutashchanonah, Tameva      Vidvaan Na Vibhaaya Mrityoraatmaanam DheeramajaramYuvaanaam”. (Rigveda:      10-8-44)

The Veda says that God does not possess a      physical body. He is Omnipresent hence for Him to possess a physical body      is impossible. He always remains Untouchable and away from ignorance,      birth, envy, pain, hunger, etc.

Pain and pleasure do not      imply with God. God is      infinite by nature. His essence, powers, attributes are all infinite. He      can therefore, never be subject to ignorance, pain and bondage, etc.

Quest # 25: What does it mean that God is      Omniscient i.e. All knowing?

Answer: You have      asked an important Question, what is the meaning of Omniscient?

The meaning of Omniscient      is—-Knower of everything, i.e.      all knowing. He who is all pervading becomes All knowing and He who is All      knowing becomes Omniscient. There is just One Omniscient and there cannot      be anyone else like Him. Being Omniscient, His actions cannot be Quested.

Jiva (the soul) is an Infinitesimal      unity, it resides in one place, has limited knowledge, hence it is      incomplete and most of the actions of the soul are faulty.

“Sa Stomyah Sa Havyah Satyah Satvaatuvikoorbheehi” (Rigveda      8-16-8) God is Omnipotent and Eternal,      because

“Sahastrayaamaa Pathikrid Vichakshanah” (Rigveda 9-106-5) which mean He is Omniscient, the Master and teacher of infinite paths,      because,

“Sahastrasheersha Purushah Sahastraakshah sahastrapaat” (Rigveda      10-90-1) mean the Supreme Being who      is Omniscient, has an infinite number of heads, eyes and legs i.e. God      is All pervading and knows everything about when, where and how to      create–sustain–dissolve the Universe. He only creates, sustains and      dissolves the Universe. God knows all about the Universe (when-where-how-why etc. to create,      sustain and dissolve) and makes the laws of nature.

Omnipresent can only become omniscient and there will be only One      Omniscient i.e. All knowing,      who is none other than God      whose knowledge is uninterrupted in three period of time i.e. There is no      increment or decrement of knowledge. There can be recollection in      knowledge, it is called “Aavriti”.

Quest      # 26: God is Omniscient, then does He know about the future?

Answer: God      is Omniscience about His work i.e. to create, sustain and dissolve the      Universe. God knows all about the Universe (when-where-how-why etc. to      creates, sustain and dissolve) and makes the laws of nature, which are      called “Ritta”.

[The      word “Ritta”, in its      various forms, occurs more than 120      times in the Rigveda; 14 times in the Yajurveda; 43 times in the Samaveda      and 32 times in the Atharvaveda. All the meaning have their own      importance ”Ritta” in their context but the most importance      ”Ritta” of them are cosmic order or law of nature and the moral law.      These two aspects of Vedic “Ritta” carry very deep philosophical      consideration. If all their details are thoroughly examined they will lead      to the belief that the Veda is not only the scripture of religious rituals      and sacraments but it is also a repository of all true knowledge. It is      the knowledge which God, the      Lord of this universe, revealed for the well being of mankind. [“Science      in the Vedas“]

The soul is a free agent (“Swatantra”      i.e. he is called a free agent who has the body, the vital forces, the      senses and the mind subordinate to his will) hence man is not submitted to      Divine laws in the matter of suffering pain and misery or reap the fruits      of his deeds, until and unless he/she has not thought, planned or      performed any action.

God      is Omnipresent and Omniscient. He is always with the soul. He is the      controller of all from within. He knows everything about the soul. He      knows its capability and in present life, how far can the soul improve its      deeds, God knows from its      impressions of its previous lives.

God’s      knowledge is always uniform and uninterrupted hence there is no increment      or decrement in it.

Quest # 27: God is Omniscient, then does He      know our future?     

Answer: What do you mean by our future?

Quest # 28: That, what kind of work are we      going to do in the future?      

Answer: If we have      planned to do any work, then certainly ”Ritta” God      knows about it, because He is All pervading, hence He is aware of each and      every intention of ours. But If we have not decided or thought of any      future action yet, then God      does not know about it. God’s      knowledge is always uniform and uninterrupted. He always lives in the      present. It is true, though, that the knowledge of three periods of time      can be said to exist in God      when it is spoken of in relation to the actions of the soul, but not      absolutely.

Quest # 29: Then God would be ignorant? How      can it be possible?

Answer: An      interesting Quest indeed! GOD      can never ever be ignorant, we are ignorant and shall always remain the      same. God is All knowing i.e.      Omniscient, on the contrary we have little knowledge. God      is an Eternal Infinite Unity whereas we are eternal infinitesimal unities.

Up to now what you have read      (Doubts and Answers) and must have realized an account of the wonders      of the Universe around us and the surprises that we come across in the      behavior of tiny little living cells. Nothing in all these three is      disconnected or isolated. Everything exhibits a master plan and a master      design. When we postulate the existence of an Omnipotent, Omnipresent and      Omniscient God, it is not a      hypothetical postulate that based on faith.

It is a rational approach to      ascribe the orderliness that we find in this creation to a Supreme      Masterhand. God is an intelligent designer, who knows his art, who has the      capacity of the accomplishment, and who works with a set purpose. Nothing      in this Universe is without meaning. It is an amazing wonderland,      well-knit and well-woven, everything in it in its own place, every bit of      it throbbing with activity, nothing stationary, every bit of it endowed      with supreme activity. Ponder over a small Quest. Is it all by a chance      that we have such a Universe? What is the ultimate source of the energy      that we find in this Universe? Who has set all these planets stars,      asteroids, and galaxies in a well designed beautiful pattern on the carpet      of Space, and set all of them in motion? Can you imagine a time when this      Universe did not exist? Billions and billions of billions years ago, the      Universe existed and shall continue to exist for that period of time. When      was it born and what are its dimensions?

Beyond this Universe, both in space and time, is the Mighty and Supreme      Supervisor, who looks to all the details, big or small, and who has been      taking care of this vastness since an infinite time.

Admire this Universe and admire Beyond this      Universe, both in space and time, is the Mighty and Supreme Supervisor,      who looks to all the details, big or small, and who has been taking care      of this vastness since an infinite time. The HANDS behind it, This      Universe of ours, most beautiful, perfectly designed, in order and most      purposeful, at each stage well co-ordinated, stretching beyond the borders      of time and space.

The      Supreme Potter has the Supreme intelligence; He is Omniscient and      Omnipresent and He has been incessantly working in the entire space and      time, and the orderliness economy and purposefulness that we see in this      creation are due to Him. He is one without a second, the Great Co-ordinator,      and a Master planner. [*”Man      and his religion” by Swami Satya Prakash Saraswati.]

Quest # 30: Does Omniscient God know the      death of the soul?      

Answer: All souls are eternal, imperishable, everlasting and immortal like God      and the Matter. Of course! God      is Omniscient, He knows that all existing souls      are eternal, imperishable, everlasting and immortal, hence can never ever      be destroyed, devastated or dead in any circumstances whatsoever. They      always exist like God and the Prakriti.

 

%d bloggers like this: